ISO/IEC 7810

ISO/IEC 7810

ISO/IEC 7810 Identification cards — Physical characteristics is an international standard that defines the physical characteristics for identification cards.[1]


Card sizes

The standard defines four card sizes: ID-1, ID-2, ID-3 and ID-000.[2]

Format Dimensions Usage
ID-1 85.60 × 53.98 mm Most banking cards and ID cards
ID-2 105 × 74 mm German ID cards issued prior to November 2010
ID-3 125 × 88 mm Passports and visas
ID-000 25 × 15 mm SIM cards


The ID-1 format specifies a size of 85.60 × 53.98 mm (3.370 × 2.125 in). It is commonly used for banking cards (ATM cards, credit cards, debit cards, etc.). Today it is also used for driving licences in many countries. This format is also used as a personal identity card in some countries, in retail loyalty cards, and it is one fairly common format for business cards. The United States passport card also uses the ID-1 format.

  • ISO/IEC 7813 defines additional characteristics of ID-1 plastic banking cards, for example a thickness of 0.76 mm and corners rounded with a radius of 3.18 mm.
  • ISO/IEC 7811 defines traditional techniques for recording data on ID-1 identification cards, namely embossed characters and several different magnetic recording formats.
  • ISO/IEC 7816 defines ID-1 identification cards with an embedded chip (smartcard) and contact surfaces for power, clock, reset and serial-data signals.


The ID-2 format specifies a size of 105 × 74 mm (4.134 × 2.913 in). This size is the A7 format. The ID-2 format is used, for example, for visas. It was also used by the German identity card issued until October 2010. Since November 2010, German ID cards are issued in the ID-1 format.


ID-3 specifies a size of 125 × 88 mm (4.921 × 3.465 in). This size is the B7 format. This format is used worldwide for passports.


ID-000 specifies a size of 25 mm × 15 mm, with one corner slightly (3mm) bevelled. The ID-000 size was first defined by ENV 1375-1, Identification card systems — Intersector integrated circuit(s) card additional formats — Part 1: ID-000 card size and physical characteristics.

This format is used for SIM cards.

ID-000 size card as part of ID-1 size card

An "informative" (ie non-mandatory) annex[3] describes how an ID-000 sized card may be included in an ID-1 size card for processing (e.g. in an ID-1 reader), but with "relief areas around the perimeter of the ID-000 size card to allow it to be removed from the ID-1 size card without punching tools". An ID-1 size card containing an ID-000 size card is denoted as ID-1/000.

Card characteristics

The standard specifies requirements for such physical characteristics as:[4]

  • Bending stiffness
  • Flammability
  • Toxicity
  • Resistance to chemicals
  • Card dimensional stability and warpage with temperature and humidity
  • Resistance to deterioration from exposure to light and heat
  • Durability

See also


  1. ^ ISO/IEC 7810:2003 Identification cards — Physical characteristics
  2. ^ ISO/IEC 7810:2003, clause 5, Dimensions of card
  3. ^ ISO/IEC 7810 Annex B (informative), ID-000 size card as part of ID-1 size card
  4. ^ ISO/IEC 7810:2003, clause 8, Card characteristics

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