List of current state leaders by date of assumption of office


List of current state leaders by date of assumption of office

This is a list of current state leaders, showing Heads of State and Heads of Government where different, ordered by the date they assumed the office.

States where Head of State differs from Head of Government are mainly parliamentary systems. Often a leader holds both positions in presidential systems or dictatorships. Some states have semi-presidential systems where the Head of Government role is fulfilled by both the listed Head of Government and the Head of State.

Kings and other sovereigns usually do not have or do not use a family name. European monarchs have their regnal name followed by a number. This custom can be used to a certain extent only for non-European monarchs who are not the first of their regnal name.

The list contains 365 current leaders and 6 upcoming leaders.

Contents

List of state leaders by date of assuming office

Prior to 1990

Assumed Office Leader State Office
9 June 1946 Bhumibol Adulyadej  Thailand King[1]
6 February 1952 Elizabeth II[2][3]  Australia Queen
 Canada Queen
 New Zealand Queen
 United Kingdom Queen
6 August 1962  Jamaica Queen
30 November 1966  Barbados Queen
10 July 1973  Bahamas Queen
7 February 1974  Grenada Queen
16 September 1975  Papua New Guinea Queen
7 July 1978  Solomon Islands Queen
1 October 1978  Tuvalu Queen
22 February 1979  Saint Lucia Queen
27 October 1979  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Queen
21 September 1981  Belize Queen
1 November 1981  Antigua and Barbuda Queen
19 September 1983  Saint Kitts and Nevis Queen
23 July 1970 Qaboos  Oman Sultan
16 August 1971 Khalifah ibn Sulman Al Khalifah  Bahrain Prime Minister
14 January 1972 Margrethe II  Denmark Queen
15 September 1973 Carl XVI Gustaf  Sweden King
30 June 1975 Paul Biya  Cameroon Prime Minister: 30 June 1975 – 6 November 1982
President: 6 November 1982 – present
22 November 1975 Juan Carlos I  Spain King[4]
30 August 1976 Mohamed Abdelaziz  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic President
18 July 1978 Ali Abdullah Saleh  Yemen President of North Yemen: 18 July 1978 – 22 May 1990
President of Yemen: 22 May 1990 – present[5]
3 August 1979 Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo  Equatorial Guinea Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council: 3 August 1979 – 25 August 1979
Chairman of the Supreme Military Council: 25 August 1979 – 12 October 1982
President: 12 October 1982 – present
10 September 1979 José Eduardo dos Santos  Angola Acting President: 10 September 1979 – 21 September 1979
President: 21 September 1979 – present
18 April 1980 Robert Mugabe  Zimbabwe Prime Minister: 18 April 1980 – 31 December 1987
President: 31 December 1987 – present
30 April 1980 Beatrix  Netherlands Queen
13 October 1981 Ali Khamenei  Iran President: 13 October 1981 – 2 August 1989
Supreme Leader: 4 June 1989 – present
1 January 1984 Hassanal Bolkiah  Brunei Sultan
26 August 1984 Hans-Adam II  Liechtenstein Prince-regent: 26 August 1984 – 13 November 1989
Prince: 13 November 1989 – present[6]
26 January 1986 Yoweri Museveni  Uganda President
25 April 1986 Mswati III  Swaziland King
15 October 1987 Blaise Compaoré  Burkina Faso President
7 January 1989 Akihito[7]  Japan Emperor
30 June 1989 Omar al-Bashir  Sudan President of the Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation: 30 June 1989 – 16 October 1993
President: 16 October 1993 – present

1990 – 1999

Assumed Office Leader State Office
1 June 1990 Harald V  Norway Prince-regent: 1 June 1990 – 17 January 1991
King: 17 January 1991 – present[8]
2 September 1990 Igor Smirnov  Transnistria President
2 December 1990 Idriss Déby  Chad President
28 May 1991 Meles Zenawi  Ethiopia Acting President: 28 May 1991 – 22 August 1995
Prime Minister: 22 August 1995 – present
25 December 1991 Nursultan Nazarbayev  Kazakhstan President
Islam Karimov  Uzbekistan President
19 November 1992 Emomalii Rahmon  Tajikistan Acting Chairman of the Supreme Council: 19 November 1992 – 27 November 1992
Chairman of the Supreme Council: 27 November 1992 – 16 November 1994
President: 16 November 1994 – present
24 May 1993 Isaias Afewerki  Eritrea President
30 July 1993 Nemesi Marqués Oste  Andorra Representative[9]
9 August 1993 Albert II  Belgium King
17 November 1993 Sir Colville Young  Belize Governor General[3]
8 July 1994 Kim Jong-il  North Korea Chairman of the National Defence Commission[10]
20 July 1994 Alexander Lukashenko  Belarus President
22 July 1994 Yahya Jammeh  Gambia Chairman of the Armed Forces Provisional Ruling Council: 22 July 1994 – 28 September 1996
President: 28 September 1996 – present
20 January 1995 Jean-Claude Juncker  Luxembourg Prime Minister
27 June 1995 Hamad bin Khalifa  Qatar Emir
7 July 1995 Denzil Douglas  Saint Kitts and Nevis Prime Minister
1 January 1996 Sir Cuthbert Sebastian Governor General[3]
7 February 1996 Letsie III  Lesotho King[11]
1 August 1996 Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson  Iceland President
19 September 1997 Dame Pearlette Louisy  Saint Lucia Governor General[3]
15 October 1997 Denis Sassou Nguesso  Congo-Brazzaville President[12]
3 March 1998 Henri  Luxembourg Prince-regent: 3 March 1998 – 7 October 2000
Grand Duke: 7 October 2000 – present
29 May 1998 Pakalitha Mosisili  Lesotho Prime Minister
5 September 1998 Kim Yong-nam  North Korea Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly
23 November 1998 Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi  Samoa Prime Minister
30 November 1998 Hun Sen  Cambodia Prime Minister[13]
2 February 1999 Hugo Chávez  Venezuela President[14]
7 February 1999 Abdullah II  Jordan King
6 March 1999 Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifah  Bahrain Emir: 6 March 1999 – 14 February 2002
King: 14 February 2002 – present
27 April 1999 Abdelaziz Bouteflika  Algeria President
8 May 1999 Ismail Omar Guelleh  Djibouti President
23 July 1999 Muhammad VI  Morocco King
9 August 1999 Vladimir Putin  Russia Acting Prime Minister: 9 August 1999 – 16 August 1999
Prime Minister: 16 August 1999 – 7 May 2000
Acting President: 31 December 1999 – 7 May 2000
President: 7 May 2000 – 7 May 2008
Prime Minister: 8 May 2008 – present
Bharrat Jagdeo  Guyana Prime Minister: 9 August 1999 – 11 August 1999
President: 11 August 1999 – present
11 August 1999 Sam Hinds Prime Minister[15]
20 December 1999 Oqil Oqilov  Tajikistan Prime Minister

2000 – 2004

Assumed Office Leader State Office
1 March 2000 Tarja Halonen  Finland President
24 March 2000 Paul Kagame  Rwanda Acting President: 24 March 2000 – 22 April 2000
President: 22 April 2000 – present
1 April 2000 Abdoulaye Wade  Senegal President
17 July 2000 Bashar al-Assad  Syria President
17 January 2001 Joseph Kabila  Democratic Republic of Congo Acting President: 17 January 2001 – 26 January 2001
President: 26 January 2001 – present
1 February 2001 José Maria Neves  Cape Verde Prime Minister
4 March 2001 Dileita Mohamed Dileita  Djibouti Prime Minister
29 March 2001 Ralph Gonsalves  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Prime Minister
8 October 2001 Girma Wolde-Giorgis  Ethiopia President
18 December 2001 Eduard Kokoity  South Ossetia President
22 December 2001 Hamid Karzai  Afghanistan Chairman of the Transitional Administration: 22 December 2001 – 19 June 2002
Acting President: 19 June 2002 – 7 December 2004
President: 7 December 2004 – present
22 January 2002 Georgi Parvanov  Bulgaria President
8 June 2002 Amadou Toumani Touré  Mali President[16]
2 September 2002 Sir Frederick Ballantyne  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Governor General[3]
30 December 2002 Mwai Kibaki  Kenya President
1 January 2003 Micheline Calmy-Rey  Switzerland Federal Councilor: 1 January 2003 – present
President: 1 January 2007 – 31 December 2007
President: 1 January 2011 – present[17]
7 March 2003 Václav Klaus  Czech Republic President[18]
14 March 2003 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan  Turkey Prime Minister
15 March 2003 François Bozizé  Central African Republic President
Hu Jintao  People's Republic of China President
16 March 2003 Wen Jiabao Premier
17 March 2003 George Maxwell Richards  Trinidad and Tobago President
12 May 2003 Joan Enric Vives Sicília  Andorra Prince[9]
10 July 2003 Anote Tong  Kiribati President
13 July 2003 Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah  Kuwait Prime Minister: 13 July 2003 – 29 January 2006
Emir: 29 January 2006 – present
4 August 2003 Ilham Aliyev  Azerbaijan Prime Minister: 4 August 2003 – 4 November 2003[19]
President: 31 October 2003 – present
6 August 2003 Artur Rasizade Acting Prime Minister: 6 August 2003 – 4 November 2003
Prime Minister: 4 November 2003 – present[20]
2 October 2003 Nicholas Liverpool  Dominica President
7 October 2003 Sir Anerood Jugnauth  Mauritius President[21]
29 October 2003 Abdelkader Taleb Oumar  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Prime Minister
11 December 2003 Shavkat Mirziyoyev  Uzbekistan Prime Minister
8 January 2004 Roosevelt Skerrit  Dominica Prime Minister
23 March 2004 Lawrence Gonzi  Malta Prime Minister
24 March 2004 Baldwin Spencer  Antigua and Barbuda Prime Minister
6 April 2004 Mahinda Rajapaksa  Sri Lanka Prime Minister: 6 April 2004 – 21 November 2005
President: 19 November 2005 – present
14 April 2004 James Michel  Seychelles President
17 April 2004 José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero  Spain Prime Minister
22 May 2004 Manmohan Singh  India Prime Minister
24 May 2004 Bingu wa Mutharika  Malawi President
15 June 2004 Ivan Gašparovič  Slovakia President[22]
8 July 2004 Heinz Fischer  Austria President
12 August 2004 Lee Hsien Loong  Singapore Prime Minister
15 August 2004 Alois  Liechtenstein Prince-Regent[6]
16 August 2004 Leonel Fernández  Dominican Republic President[23]
14 October 2004 Norodom Sihamoni  Cambodia King
20 October 2004 Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono  Indonesia President
3 November 2004 Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan  United Arab Emirates President
20 December 2004 Traian Băsescu  Romania President[24]

2005 – 2006

Assumed Office Leader State Office
15 January 2005 Mahmoud Abbas  State of Palestine President[25]
2 February 2005 Armando Guebuza  Mozambique President[26]
12 March 2005 Karolos Papoulias  Greece President
21 March 2005 Hifikepunye Pohamba  Namibia President
Nahas Angula Prime Minister
31 March 2005 Albert II  Monaco Prince-regent: 31 March 2005 – 6 April 2005
Prince: 6 April 2005 – present
6 April 2005 Andrus Ansip  Estonia Prime Minister
7 April 2005 Jalal Talabani  Iraq President
19 April 2005 Benedict XVI  Vatican City Sovereign
4 May 2005 Faure Gnassingbé  Togo President[27]
5 July 2005 Navin Ramgoolam  Mauritius Prime Minister[28]
1 August 2005 Abdullah  Saudi Arabia King[29]
3 August 2005 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad  Iran President
26 August 2005 Pierre Nkurunziza  Burundi President
3 September 2005 Sali Berisha  Albania Prime Minister[30]
17 October 2005 Jens Stoltenberg  Norway Prime Minister[31]
22 November 2005 Angela Merkel  Germany Chancellor
21 December 2005 Jakaya Kikwete  Tanzania President
5 January 2006 Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum  United Arab Emirates Prime Minister
16 January 2006 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf  Liberia President
22 January 2006 Evo Morales  Bolivia President
6 February 2006 Stephen Harper  Canada Prime Minister
7 February 2006 Nasser Al-Mohammed Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah  Kuwait Prime Minister
9 March 2006 Aníbal Cavaco Silva  Portugal President[32]
6 April 2006 Yayi Boni  Benin President
15 May 2006 Giorgio Napolitano  Italy President
20 May 2006 Nouri al-Maliki  Iraq Prime Minister
5 June 2006 Filip Vujanović  Montenegro President
Boris Tadić  Serbia President
8 June 2006 Choummaly Sayasone  Laos President
26 June 2006 José Ramos-Horta  East Timor Acting Prime Minister: 26 June 2006 – 10 July 2006
Prime Minister: 10 July 2006 – 19 May 2007
President: 20 May 2007 – present[33]
27 June 2006 Nguyễn Tấn Dũng  Vietnam Prime Minister
31 July 2006 Raúl Castro  Cuba Acting President: 31 July 2006 – 24 February 2008
President: 24 February 2008 – present
1 August 2006 Doris Leuthard  Switzerland Federal Councilor: 1 August 2006 – present
President: 1 January 2010 – 31 December 2010[17]
28 August 2006 Nikola Gruevski  Macedonia Prime Minister
11 September 2006 George Tupou V  Tonga King
6 October 2006 Fredrik Reinfeldt  Sweden Prime Minister
9 October 2006 Toomas Hendrik Ilves  Estonia President
6 November 2006 Željko Komšić  Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidency Member: 6 November 2006 – present
Chairman of the Presidency: 6 July 2007 – 6 March 2008
Chairman of the Presidency: 6 July 2009 – 6 March 2010
Chairman of the Presidency: 10 July 2011 – present[34]
Nebojša Radmanović Presidency Member: 6 November 2006 – present
Chairman of the Presidency: 6 November 2006 – 6 July 2007
Chairman of the Presidency: 6 November 2008 – 6 July 2009
Chairman of the Presidency: 10 November 2010 – 10 July 2011[34]
1 December 2006 Felipe Calderón  Mexico President
5 December 2006 Frank Bainimarama  Fiji Acting President: 5 December 2006 – 4 January 2007
Acting Prime Minister: 5 January 2007 – present[35]
13 December 2006 Mizan Zainal Abidin  Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong[36]
14 December 2006 Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck  Bhutan King
21 December 2006 Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow  Turkmenistan Acting President: 21 December 2006 – 14 February 2007
President: 14 February 2007 – present

2007

Assumed Office Leader State Office
10 January Karim Massimov  Kazakhstan Prime Minister
Daniel Ortega  Nicaragua President[37]
11 January Nikola Špirić  Bosnia and Herzegovina Prime Minister
15 January Rafael Correa  Ecuador President
26 March Serzh Sargsyan  Armenia Prime Minister: 26 March 2007 – 9 April 2008
President: 9 April 2008 – present
29 March Guillaume Soro  Côte d'Ivoire Prime Minister
1 April Thein Sein  Myanmar Acting Prime Minister: 1 April 2007 – 24 October 2007
Prime Minister: 24 October 2007 – 30 March 2011
President: 30 March 2011 – present
3 April Hamad ibn Jaber Al Thani  Qatar Prime Minister
7 April Ali Muhammad Mujawar  Yemen Prime Minister
1 May Stephenson King  Saint Lucia Acting Prime Minister: 1 May 2007 – 9 September 2007
Prime Minister: 9 September 2007 – present
4 May Hubert Ingraham  Bahamas Prime Minister[38]
11 May Manny Mori  Federated States of Micronesia President
Tufuga Efi  Samoa Acting O le Ao o le Malo: 11 May 2007 – 20 June 2007
O le Ao o le Malo: 20 June 2007 – present[39]
16 May Nicolas Sarkozy  Andorra Prince[9]
 France President
17 May François Fillon Prime Minister
15 June Salam Fayyad  State of Palestine Prime Minister
15 July Shimon Peres  Israel President[40]
17 July Dame Louise Lake-Tack  Antigua and Barbuda Governor General[3]
24 July Bamir Topi  Albania President
25 July Pratibha Patil  India President
8 August Xanana Gusmão  East Timor Prime Minister[41]
28 August Abdullah Gül  Turkey President[42]
7 September Bako Sahakyan  Nagorno-Karabakh Republic President
14 September Arayik Harutyunyan Prime Minister
17 September Ernest Bai Koroma  Sierra Leone President
19 September Abbas El Fassi  Morocco Prime Minister
16 November Donald Tusk  Poland Prime Minister
10 December Cristina Fernández de Kirchner  Argentina President
22 December Danilo Türk  Slovenia President

2008

Assumed Office Leader State Office
1 January Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf  Switzerland Federal Councilor[17]
14 January Álvaro Colom  Guatemala President
20 January Mikheil Saakashvili  Georgia President[43]
22 January Faustin-Archange Touadéra  Central African Republic Prime Minister
8 February Dean Barrow  Belize Prime Minister
9 February Mizengo Pinda  Tanzania Prime Minister
17 February Hashim Thaçi  Kosovo Prime Minister
25 February Lee Myung-bak  South Korea President
28 February Dimitris Christofias  Cyprus President
25 March Yousaf Raza Gillani  Pakistan Prime Minister
1 April Ian Khama  Botswana President
9 April Tigran Sargsyan  Armenia Prime Minister
Jigme Thinley  Bhutan Prime Minister[44]
17 April Raila Odinga  Kenya Prime Minister
7 May Dmitry Medvedev  Russia President
20 May Ma Ying-jeou  Republic of China President
25 May Michel Suleiman‎  Lebanon President
23 June Ahmed Ouyahia  Algeria Prime Minister[45]
7 July Mirko Cvetković  Serbia Prime Minister
8 July Ignacio Milam Tang  Equatorial Guinea Prime Minister
9 July Tillman Thomas  Grenada Prime Minister
23 July Ram Baran Yadav  Nepal President
14 August Moulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf  Mauritania Prime Minister
15 August Fernando Lugo  Paraguay President
5 September Quentin Bryce  Australia Governor General[3]
8 September Gilbert Houngbo  Togo Prime Minister
9 September Asif Ali Zardari  Pakistan President
24 September Christian Frémont  Andorra Representative[9]
10 October Adolphe Muzito  Democratic Republic of Congo Prime Minister
23 October Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini  Swaziland Prime Minister[46]
11 November Mohamed Nasheed  Maldives President
19 November John Key  New Zealand Prime Minister
21 November Borut Pahor  Slovenia Prime Minister
27 November Sir Carlyle Glean  Grenada Governor General[3]
2 December Werner Faymann  Austria Chancellor
9 December Andrius Kubilius  Lithuania Prime Minister[47]
22 December Emil Boc  Romania Prime Minister

2009

Assumed Office Leader State Office
1 January Ueli Maurer  Switzerland Federal Councilor[17]
2 January Carlos Gomes Júnior  Guinea-Bissau Prime Minister[48]
6 January Sheikh Hasina  Bangladesh Prime Minister[49]
7 January John Atta Mills  Ghana President
15 January Johnson Toribiong  Palau President
20 January Barack Obama  United States President
31 January Sharif Sheikh Ahmed  Somalia President
1 February Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir  Iceland Prime Minister
6 February Nikoloz Gilauri  Georgia Prime Minister
11 February Morgan Tsvangirai  Zimbabwe Prime Minister
12 February Zillur Rahman  Bangladesh President
26 February Sir Patrick Allen  Jamaica Governor General[3]
12 March Valdis Dombrovskis  Latvia Prime Minister
17 March Andry Rajoelina  Madagascar President of the High Authority of Transition
25 March Klaus Tschütscher  Liechtenstein Prime Minister
31 March Benjamin Netanyahu  Israel Prime Minister[50]
3 April Najib Razak  Malaysia Prime Minister
4 April George Abela  Malta President
30 April Souleymane Ndéné Ndiaye  Senegal Prime Minister
5 May Derviş Eroğlu  Northern Cyprus Prime Minister: 5 May 2009 – 23 April 2010
President: 23 April 2010 – present[51]
9 May Jacob Zuma  South Africa President
12 May Gjorge Ivanov  Macedonia President
1 June Mauricio Funes  El Salvador President
18 June Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj  Mongolia President[52]
30 June Philémon Yang  Cameroon Prime Minister
1 July Ricardo Martinelli  Panama President
6 July Jadranka Kosor  Croatia Prime Minister
7 July Sir Frank Kabui  Solomon Islands Governor General[3]
12 July Dalia Grybauskaitė  Lithuania President
17 July Paul Biyoghé Mba  Gabon Prime Minister
27 July Boyko Borisov  Bulgaria Prime Minister
30 July Epeli Nailatikau  Fiji Acting President: 30 July 2009 – 5 November 2009
President: 5 November 2009 – present
5 August Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz  Mauritania President[53]
5 August Vadim Brovtsev  South Ossetia Prime Minister
2 September Iolu Abil  Vanuatu President
8 September Malam Bacai Sanhá  Guinea-Bissau President[54]
10 September Wu Den-yih  Republic of China Premier
25 September Vlad Filat  Moldova Prime Minister: 25 September 2009 – present
Acting President: 28 December 2010 – 30 December 2010
16 October Ali Bongo Ondimba  Gabon President
29 October Sükhbaataryn Batbold  Mongolia Prime Minister
1 November Didier Burkhalter  Switzerland Federal Councilor[17]
2 November Jurelang Zedkaia  Marshall Islands President
25 November Yves Leterme  Belgium Prime Minister[55]

2010

Assumed Office Leader State Office
16 January Aires Ali  Mozambique Prime Minister
27 January Porfirio Lobo Sosa  Honduras President
9 February Goodluck Jonathan  Nigeria Acting President: 9 February 2010 – 6 May 2010
President: 6 May 2010 – present
18 February Ivo Josipović  Croatia President
25 February Viktor Yanukovych  Ukraine President[56]
1 March José Mujica  Uruguay President
5 March Emmanuel Nadingar  Chad Prime Minister
11 March Sebastián Piñera  Chile President
Mykola Azarov  Ukraine Prime Minister[57]
29 March Michel Roger  Monaco Minister of State
7 April Roza Otunbayeva  Kyrgyzstan Acting President: 7 April 2010 – 3 July 2010
President: 3 July 2010 – present
14 April Sir Arthur Foulkes  Bahamas Governor General[3]
16 April Sir Iakoba Italeli  Tuvalu Governor General[3]
21 April Disanayaka Mudiyanselage Jayaratne  Sri Lanka Prime Minister
8 May Laura Chinchilla  Costa Rica President
11 May David Cameron  United Kingdom Prime Minister
17 May İrsen Küçük  Northern Cyprus Prime Minister
26 May Kamla Persad-Bissessar  Trinidad and Tobago Prime Minister
29 May Viktor Orbán  Hungary Prime Minister[58]
7 June Choe Yong-rim  North Korea Premier
24 June Julia Gillard  Australia Prime Minister
28 June Petr Nečas  Czech Republic Prime Minister
30 June Benigno Aquino  Philippines President
Christian Wulff  Germany President
8 July Iveta Radičová  Slovakia Prime Minister
27 July Ahmed Mahamoud Silanyo  Somaliland President
6 August Bronisław Komorowski  Poland President[59]
Pál Schmitt  Hungary President
7 August Juan Manuel Santos  Colombia President
12 August Dési Bouterse  Suriname President
14 August Patrice Trovoada  São Tomé and Príncipe Prime Minister[60]
1 October David Johnston  Canada Governor General[3]
Kim Hwang-sik  South Korea Prime Minister
14 October Mark Rutte  Netherlands Prime Minister
23 October Freundel Stuart  Barbados Prime Minister
1 November Johann Schneider-Ammann  Switzerland Federal Councilor[17]
Simonetta Sommaruga
10 November Bakir Izetbegović  Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidency Member[34]
4 December Alassane Ouattara  Côte d'Ivoire President
20 December Sir Michael Ogio  Papua New Guinea Acting Governor General: 20 December 2010 – 25 February 2011
Governor General: 25 February 2011 – present
21 December Alpha Condé  Guinea President
22 December Siale'ataonga Tu'ivakano  Tonga Prime Minister
23 December Thongsing Thammavong  Laos Prime Minister
24 December Willy Telavi  Tuvalu Prime Minister
Mohamed Said Fofana  Guinea Prime Minister
28 December Mikhail Myasnikovich  Belarus Prime Minister
29 December Igor Lukšić  Montenegro Prime Minister
30 December Marian Lupu  Moldova Acting President

2011

Assumed Office Leader State Office
1 January Dilma Rousseff  Brazil President
15 January Fouad Mebazaa  Tunisia Acting President
11 February Mohamed Hussein Tantawi  Egypt Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces
27 February Beji Caid el Sebsi  Tunisia Prime Minister
5 March Mustafa Abdul Jalil  Libya Chairman of the National Transitional Council
7 March Essam Sharaf  Egypt Prime Minister
9 March Enda Kenny  Ireland Taoiseach
3 April Cissé Mariam Kaïdama Sidibé  Mali Prime Minister
7 April Atifete Jahjaga  Kosovo President
Mahamadou Issoufou  Niger President[61]
Brigi Rafini Prime Minister
14 April Adel Safar  Syria Prime Minister
18 April Luc-Adolphe Tiao  Burkina Faso Prime Minister
12 May Antoni Martí  Andorra Prime Minister
14 May Michel Martelly  Haiti President
24 May Amama Mbabazi  Uganda Prime Minister
26 May Ikililou Dhoinine  Comoros President
28 May Pascal Koupaki  Benin Prime Minister
29 May Alexander Ankvab  Abkhazia Acting President: 29 May 2011 – 26 September 2011
President: 26 September 2011 – present
[62]
13 June Najib Mikati  Lebanon Prime Minister[63]
19 June Abdiweli Mohamed Ali  Somalia Acting Prime Minister: 19 June 2011 – 28 June 2011
Prime Minister: 28 June 2011 – present
21 June Pedro Passos Coelho  Portugal Prime Minister
22 June Jyrki Katainen  Finland Prime Minister
26 June Sato Kilman  Vanuatu Prime Minister[64]
8 July Andris Bērziņš  Latvia President
9 July Salva Kiir Mayardit  South Sudan President
25 July Trương Tấn Sang  Vietnam President
28 July Ollanta Humala  Peru President
Salomón Lerner Ghitis Prime Minister
2 August Peter O'Neill  Papua New Guinea Prime Minister
8 August Yingluck Shinawatra  Thailand Prime Minister
29 August Baburam Bhattarai  Nepal Prime Minister
31 August Sir Jerry Mateparae  New Zealand Governor General[3]
1 September Tony Tan Keng Yam  Singapore President
2 September Yoshihiko Noda  Japan Prime Minister
3 September Manuel Pinto da Costa  São Tomé and Príncipe President[65]
9 September Jorge Carlos Fonseca  Cape Verde President
23 September Michael Sata  Zambia President
27 September Leonid Lakerbaia  Abkhazia Prime Minister
1 October Gabriele Gatti  San Marino Captain Regent
Matteo Fiorini
Giuseppe Bertello  Vatican City President of the Governorate
3 October Helle Thorning-Schmidt  Denmark Prime Minister
7 October Pierre Habumuremyi  Rwanda Prime Minister
18 October Garry Conille  Haiti Prime Minister
23 October Andrew Holness  Jamaica Prime Minister
24 October Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh  Jordan Prime Minister
31 October Abdurrahim El-Keib  Libya Acting Prime Minister
1 November Elliot Belgrave  Barbados Acting Governor General[3]
2 November Omer Beriziky  Madagascar Prime Minister
11 November Lucas Papademos  Greece Prime Minister
Michael D. Higgins  Ireland President
14 November Almazbek Atambayev  Kyrgyzstan Prime Minister: 14 November 2011 – present
President-elect: 31 December 2011[66]
15 November Sprent Dabwido  Nauru President
16 November Mario Monti  Italy Prime Minister
Gordon Lilo Darcy  Solomon Islands Prime Minister

List of upcoming leaders

Designated Leader State Office
November Moncef Marzouki  Tunisia President-designate[67]
Hamadi Jebali Prime Minister-designate
13 December Abdul Halim  Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong-designate[68]
20 December Mariano Rajoy  Spain Prime Minister-designate
14 January 2012 Otto Pérez Molina  Guatemala President-elect
22 January 2012 Rosen Plevneliev  Bulgaria President-elect

Notes

  1. ^ Rangsit was Prince-Regent from 16 June 1946 – 5 May 1950 and Sirikit was Queen-Regent from 22 October 1956 – 7 December 1956.
  2. ^ Elizabeth II was previously Queen of Ceylon from 6 February 1952 – 22 May 1972, Queen of Pakistan from 6 February 1952 – 23 March 1956, Queen of South Africa from 6 February 1952 – 31 May 1961, Queen of Ghana from 6 March 1957 – 28 April 1960, Queen of Nigeria from 1 October 1960 – 1 October 1963, Queen of Sierra Leone from 27 April 1961 – 19 April 1971, Queen of Tanganyika from 9 December 1961 – 9 June 1962, Queen of Trinidad and Tobago from 31 August 1962 – 1 August 1976, Queen of Uganda from 9 October 1962 – 1 September 1967, Queen of Kenya from 12 December 1963 – 12 December 1964, Queen of Malawi from 6 July 1964 – 6 July 1966, Queen of Malta from 21 September 1964 – 13 December 1974, Queen of Gambia from 18 February 1965 – 24 April 1970, Queen of Guyana from 26 May 1966 – 23 February 1970, Queen of Mauritius from 12 March 1968 – 12 March 1992 and Queen of Fiji from 10 October 1970 – 15 October 1987.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o The Governors General of each Commonwealth realm, with the exception of the United Kingdom, represent Elizabeth II.
  4. ^ Juan Carlos I was previously Prince-Regent from 19 July 1974 – 2 September 1974 and 30 October 1975 – 20 November 1975.
  5. ^ Abd Rabu Mansur Hadi served as Acting President from 4 June 2011 – 23 September 2011.
  6. ^ a b Alois is the Prince-Regent for Hans-Adam II.
  7. ^ Akihito is not his regnal name. According to Japanese customs, his regnal name will be Heisei after his death.
  8. ^ Haakon was Prince-Regent from 25 November 2003 – 13 April 2004 and 29 March 2005 – 7 June 2005.
  9. ^ a b c d The Representatives of Andorra each represent their respective Prince. Nemesi Marqués Oste represents Joan Enric Vives Sicília and Christian Frémont represents Nicolas Sarkozy.
  10. ^ The late Kim Il-sung has been designated "Eternal President of North Korea" and the post of President has not been filled since his death on 8 July 1994. The office of the Chairman of the National Defence Commission was declared "the highest post of the state" on 5 September 1998.
  11. ^ Letsie III was previously King from 12 November 1990 – 25 January 1995.
  12. ^ Denis Sassou Nguesso was previously President from 8 February 1979 – 31 August 1992, when the country was known as the People's Republic of the Congo.
  13. ^ Hun Sen was previously Prime Minister from 1 May 1989 – 21 September 1993 and Prime Minister of Kampuchea from 14 January 1985 – 1 May 1989.
  14. ^ There was a coup between 11 April and 15 April 2002, when Pedro Carmona and then Diosdado Cabello were presented as heads of state, although their position was not considered official.
  15. ^ Sam Hinds previously was Prime Minister from 9 October 1992 – 17 March 1997 and 22 December 1997 – 9 August 1999 and President from 6 March 1997 – 19 December 1997.
  16. ^ Amadou Toumani Touré was previously Chairman of the National Reconciliation Council from 26 March 1991 – 31 March 1991 and Chairman of the Transitional Committee for the Salvation of the People from 31 March 1991 – 8 June 1992.
  17. ^ a b c d e f The Swiss Federal Council is a collective seven-member Head of State. The President of Switzerland serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  18. ^ Václav Klaus was previously Prime Minister from 1 January 1993 – 17 December 1997 and Acting President from 1 January 1993 – 2 February 1993.
  19. ^ Artur Rasizade was Acting Prime Minister from 6 August 2003 – 4 November 2003.
  20. ^ Artur Rasizade was previously Prime Minister from 20 July 1996 – 4 August 2003.
  21. ^ Anerood Jugnauth was previously Prime Minister from 12 March 1982 – 22 December 1995 and 17 September 2000 – 30 September 2003.
  22. ^ Ivan Gašparovič was previously Acting President from 2 March 1998 – 30 October 1998.
  23. ^ Leonel Fernández was previously President from 16 August 1996 – 16 August 2000.
  24. ^ Nicolae Văcăroiu was Acting President from 20 April 2007 – 23 May 2007.
  25. ^ Mahmoud Abbas was previously Prime Minister from 19 March 2003 – 6 September 2003.
  26. ^ Armando Guebuza was previously a member of the Acting Political Bureau of the Central Committee from 19 October 1986 – 6 November 1986.
  27. ^ Faure Gnassingbé was previously President from 5 February 2005 – 25 February 2005.
  28. ^ Navin Ramgoolam was previously Prime Minister from 22 December 1995 – 17 September 2000.
  29. ^ Abdullah was previously Prince-Regent from 1 January 1996 – 21 February 1996.
  30. ^ Sali Berisha was previously President from 9 April 1992 – 24 July 1997.
  31. ^ Jens Stoltenberg was previously Prime Minister from 17 March 2000 – 19 October 2001.
  32. ^ Aníbal Cavaco Silva was previously Prime Minister from 6 November 1985 – 28 October 1995.
  33. ^ Vicente Guterres was Acting President from 11 February 2008 – 13 February 2008 and Fernando de Araújo was Acting President from 13 February 2008 – 17 April 2008 .
  34. ^ a b c In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Presidency is a Tripartite council, with the Chairman of the Presidency rotating every eight months.
  35. ^ Frank Bainimarama was previously President of the Interim Military Government from 29 May 2000 – 13 July 2000.
  36. ^ Mizan Zainal Abidin was previously Prince-Regent from 8 October 2001 – 13 December 2001.
  37. ^ Daniel Ortega was previously a member of the Junta of National Reconstruction from 18 July 1979 – 4 March 1981 and the Coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction from 4 March 1981 – 10 January 1985; he was previously President from 10 January 1985 – 25 April 1990.
  38. ^ Hubert Ingraham was previously Prime Minister from 21 August 1992 – 3 May 2002.
  39. ^ Tufuga Efi was previously Prime Minister from 24 March 1976 – 13 April 1982 and 18 September 1982 – 31 December 1982.
  40. ^ Shimon Peres was previously Acting Prime Minister from 22 April 1977 – 21 June 1977 and Prime Minister from 14 September 1984 – 20 October 1986 and 4 November 1995 – 18 June 1996.
  41. ^ Xanana Gusmão was previously President from 20 May 2002 – 20 May 2007.
  42. ^ Abdullah Gül was previously Prime Minister from 18 November 2002 – 14 March 2003.
  43. ^ Mikheil Saakashvili was previously President from 25 January 2004 – 25 November 2007.
  44. ^ Jigme Thinley was previously Prime Minister from 20 July 1998 – 9 July 1999 and 30 August 2003 – 18 August 2004.
  45. ^ Ahmed Ouyahia was previously Prime Minister from 31 December 1995 – 15 December 1998 and 5 May 2003 – 24 May 2006.
  46. ^ Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini was previously Prime Minister from 26 July 1996 – 29 September 2003.
  47. ^ Andrius Kubilius was previously Prime Minister from 3 November 1999 – 9 November 2000.
  48. ^ Carlos Gomes was previously Prime Minister from 10 May 2004 – 2 November 2005.
  49. ^ Hasina Wazed was previously Prime Minister from 23 June 1996 – 15 July 2001.
  50. ^ Netanyahu was previously Prime Minister from 18 June 1996 – 6 July 1999.
  51. ^ Derviş Eroğlu was previously Prime Minister from 16 August 1996 – 13 January 2004 and 19 July 1985 – 1 January 1994.
  52. ^ Elbegdorj was previously Prime Minister from 23 April 1998 – 9 December 1998 and 20 August 2004 – 13 January 2006.
  53. ^ Abdel Aziz was previously President of the High Council of State from 6 August 2008 – 15 April 2009.
  54. ^ Sanhá was previously Acting President of from 14 May 1999 – 17 February 2000.
  55. ^ Leterme was previously Prime Minister from 20 March 2008 – 30 December 2008.
  56. ^ Yanukovych was previously Prime Minister from 21 November 2002 – 7 December 2004, 28 December 2004 – 5 January 2005 and 4 August 2006 – 18 December 2007.
  57. ^ Azarov was previously Acting Prime Minister from 7 December 2004 – 28 December 2004 and 5 January 2005 – 24 January 2005.
  58. ^ Orbán was previously Prime Minister from 6 July 1998 – 27 May 2002.
  59. ^ Komorowski was previously Acting President from 10 April 2010 – 8 July 2010.
  60. ^ Trovoada was previously from Prime Minister 14 February 2008 – 22 June 2008.
  61. ^ Issoufou was previously Prime Minister from 17 April 1993 – 28 September 1994.
  62. ^ Ankvab was previously Prime Minister from 14 February 2005 – 13 February 2010.
  63. ^ Mikati was previously Prime Minister from 19 April 2005 – 19 July 2005.
  64. ^ Kilman was previously Prime Minister from 2 December 2010 – 24 April 2011 and 13 May 2011 – 16 June 2011.
  65. ^ Pinto da Costa was previously President from 12 July 1975 – 4 March 1991.
  66. ^ Atambayev was previously Prime Minister from 29 March 2007 – 28 November 2007 and 17 December 2010 – 23 September 2011.
  67. ^ see "Tunisia coalition agrees top government posts". BBC News, 21 November 2011.
  68. ^ Abdul Halim was previously Yang di-Pertuan Agong from 21 September 1970 – 20 September 1975.

See also

External links

  • Rulers.org List of rulers throughout time and places


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