Cysteine—tRNA ligase


Cysteine—tRNA ligase
cysteine-tRNA ligase
Identifiers
EC number 6.1.1.16
CAS number 37318-56-2
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a cysteine-tRNA ligase (EC 6.1.1.16) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

ATP + L-cysteine + tRNACys \rightleftharpoons AMP + diphosphate + L-cysteinyl-tRNACys

The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, L-cysteine, and tRNA(Cys), whereas its 3 products are AMP, diphosphate, and L-cysteinyl-tRNA(Cys).

This enzyme belongs to the family of ligases, to be specific those forming carbon-oxygen bonds in aminoacyl-tRNA and related compounds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-cysteine:tRNACys ligase (AMP-forming). Other names in common use include cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase, cysteinyl-transferRNA synthetase, cysteinyl-transfer ribonucleate synthetase, and cysteine translase. This enzyme participates in cysteine metabolism and aminoacyl-trna biosynthesis.

Structural studies

As of late 2007, 3 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1LI5, 1LI7, and 1U0B.

References

  • McCorquodale DJ (1964). "The separation and partial purification of aminoacyl-RNA synthetases from Escherichia coli". Biochim. Biophys. Acta 91: 541–548. PMID 14262440.