Dachen Islands


Dachen Islands

Coordinates: 28°28′N 121°54′E / 28.46°N 121.90°E / 28.46; 121.90

The Dachen Islands or Tachen Islands (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Dàchén Qúndǎo) is a group of islands off the coast of Zhejiang, the People's Republic of China. Currently it is part of Jiaojiang District of Taizhou, Zhejiang.

Contents

History

ROC evacuation

The Tachen Islands were controlled by the Republic of China (the government of which has been based in Taiwan since 1949), until an evacuation by the United States Navy in February 1955 during the First Taiwan Strait Crisis. At the time it served as the capital of the Chekiang Province. The U.S. Seventh Fleet used 132 boats and 400 aircraft to move 14,500 civilians, 10,000 Republic of China servicemen, and 4,000 guerrilla fighters, along with 40,000 tons of military equipment and supplies from the island. Three days after the evacuation, the islands were taken by the People's Liberation Army. Chiang Kai-shek grudgingly allowed the island to fall to the Communists so that the other offshore island groups, Kinmen and Matsu, could be successfully defended.

Geography

It is strategically located in the Gulf of Taizhou, off the coast of Zhejiang, the People's Republic of China. The archipelago is sandwiched between Zhoushan in the north and the Nanjishan Liedao (南麂山列岛, literally Southern Muntjac Archipelago) in the south, and it is located 52 km from Jiaojiang District, which it administratively belongs to. Dachen Archipelago consists of a total of 29 islands, islets, and rocks, totaling 14.6 square km.

Fishing industry had long been the backbone of the local economy and the region was one of the largest of the Chinese class II fisheries. However, after decades of over fishing, the natural resources were depleted and as a result, most of the local population was force to migrate to the mainland in the late-1980’s and the local populace experienced a drastic decrease to a fraction of what it once was. To compensate for the depletion of natural resources, aquaculture has become prosperous and the archipelago is currently one of the largest aquaculture bases in the region. However, due to the adaptation of advanced technology which significantly reduced the need of manual labor, the local population has not recovered to its peak level despite the income generated has already been higher than that of the traditional fishery peak in the past, and in fact, the current local population was not much higher than the lowest point in the late-1980’s.

To diversify the local economy, tourism had become another major source of income. The annual average temperature is 16.7°C, and the climate was the typical subtropical climate. The forest coverage rate is greater than 56% and it is the provincial level forest park. Due to the forces of nature such as that of tides and winds, there are many spectacular sceneries and the archipelago is called the Chinese Number One Oceanic Penjing (Zhong-Guo Di-Yi Hai-Shang Penjing, 中国第一海上盆景). Another tourist attraction was the military fortifications left behind by the nationalists during the Chinese Civil War in the post-World War II era, because the archipelago was the site of the Battle of Dachen Archipelago in the First Taiwan Strait Crisis.

See also

  • Yijiangshan Island (Ichiangshan Island)

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dachen Archipelago — The Dachen Archipelago or Dachen Islands or Taizhou Islands (zh stp|t=大陳群島|p=Dàchén Qúndǎo|s=大陈群岛), formerly known as Tachen Islands is an archipelago of Jiaojiang District of Taizhou, Zhejiang strategically located in the Gulf of Taizhou,… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Yijiangshan Islands — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Yijiangshan Islands partof=the Chinese Civil War place=Yijiangshan Islands, China date=January 18–20, 1955 result=People s Liberation Army victory combatant1= combatant2= commander1= commander2=… …   Wikipedia

  • List of islands of the Republic of China — This is a list of islands under the Republic of China administration (islands claimed but not administered by the ROC are not included on this list). All of these islands are claimed by the People s Republic of China. = Under the jurisdiction of… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Dachen Archipelago — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Dachen Archipelago partof=the Chinese Civil War place=Jiaojiang District, Taizhou, Zhejiang, China date=January 19, 1955 February 26, 1955 result=*Nationalist retreat and withdrawal *Communist victory… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Dalushan Islands — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Dalushan Islands partof=the Chinese Civil War place=Zhejiang, China date=May 29, 1953 May 29, 1953 result=Communist victory combatant1= combatant2= commander1= He Zhuoquan何卓权 commander2= ? strength1=… …   Wikipedia

  • Chekiang Province, Republic of China — This article is about Former Chekiang Province of the Republic of China. For Zhejiang Province of the People s Republic of China, see Zhejiang Province. 浙江省 (1912–1955) Chekiang Province (1912–1955) Chekiang Province of the Republic of China.… …   Wikipedia

  • Nie Fengzhi — (聂凤智) Born 1913 or 1914 Hubei Province, Republic of China Died 1992 Allegiance People s Republic of China Service/branch …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese Civil War — People s Liberation Army attacking government defensive positions in Shangtang Date Encirclement Campaigns; …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Republic of China — This article is about the history of the state which currently governs Taiwan Area. For the history of Taiwan, see History of Taiwan For the history of China / Mainland China, see History of China and History of People s Republic of China. A Rand …   Wikipedia

  • Zhejiang — This article is about Zhejiang province of the People s Republic of China. For the former Chekiang province of the Republic of China, see Chekiang Province, Republic of China. Coordinates: 29°12′N 120°30′E /  …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.