Duchess Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria


Duchess Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria
Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria
Posthumous portrait of Maria Anna Victoria holding the coronet of a Dauphine, François de Troy
Dauphine of France
Tenure 7 March 1680 – 20 April 1690
Spouse Louis, Dauphin of France
Issue
Louis, Dauphin of France
Philip V, King of Spain
Charles, Duke of Berry
Full name
Maria Anna Christine Victoria
House House of Bourbon
House of Wittelsbach
Father Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria
Mother Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy
Born 28 November 1660(1660-11-28)
Munich, Bavaria
Died 20 April 1690(1690-04-20) (aged 29)
Palace of Versailles, France
Burial Royal Basilica of Saint Denis, France

Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria, Dauphine of France (Maria Anna Christina Victoria; 28 November 1660 – 20 April 1690) was Dauphine of France as spouse of Louis, Grand Dauphin, son and heir of Louis XIV. She was known as the Dauphine Marie Anne Victoire or la Grande Dauphine. The dauphine was a pathetic figure at the court of France, isolated and unappreciated due to the perception that she was dull, unattractive and sickly.

Contents

Background

Maria Anna was the eldest daughter of Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria and his wife Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy. Her maternal grandparents were Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy and Christine Marie of France, the second daughter of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici, thus her husband the dauphin was her second cousin.

Biography

Born in Munich, capital of the Electorate of Bavaria, Maria Anna was betrothed to the dauphin of France in 1668, at the age of eight, and was carefully educated to fulfill that role. Besides her native language of German, she was taught to speak French, Italian and Latin. She was said to have looked forward to the fate of becoming dauphine of France. Maria Anna was very close to her mother, who died in 1676. Her siblings included Violante of Bavaria, future wife of Ferdinando de' Medici as well as the future Elector of Bavaria, Maximilian II Emanuel.

Prior to her marriage to the dauphin, there was a proxy ceremony in Munich on 28 January 1680; the couple would meet for the first time on 7 March 1680 in Châlons-sur-Marne. She was the first dauphine of France since Mary, Queen of Scots married Francis II of France in 1558.

Upon her marriage, Maria Anna took on the rank of her husband as a Fille de France (Daughter of France); this meant that she was entitled to the style "Royal Highness" and the form of address Madame la Dauphine.

When she first arrived in France, Maria Anna made a good impression with her good French. When she entered Strasbourg, she was addressed in German, but interrupted the greeting by saying, "Gentlemen, I speak French!" The impression of her appearance, however, was not as good, and she was called "terribly ugly". Others said, that although she may not have been beautiful, she did have personal charm.

As soon as she married the dauphin, Maria Anna was the second most important women at court after her mother-in-law, Queen Maria Theresa of Spain. When the queen died in July 1683, Maria Anna ranked as the most prominent female at court and was given the apartments of the late queen. The king expected her to perform the functions of the first lady at court, but her ill health made it very difficult for her to carry out her duties. The king was completely unsympathetic to her situation and accused her falsely of hypchondria.

Her husband took mistresses, and she lived an isolated life in her apartments, where she spoke with her friends in German, a language her husband could not understand. She was very close to a fellow German at court, Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, the wife of the king's younger brother Philippe. She was said to be depressed having to live at a court where beauty was so much prized, not being beautiful herself. She died in 1690. An autopsy revealed a multitude of internal disorders that completely vindicated her complaints of chronic and severe illness.

Maria Anna was buried at the Royal Basilica of Saint Denis. She is an ancestor of Prince Henri the Count of Paris, Orléanist pretender to the French throne. Also Juan Carlos I of Spain, Albert II, King of the Belgians, Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg and of Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples, a pretender to the Italian throne.

Issue

Ancestors

References

  • Simone Bertière, Les Femmes du Roi-Soleil, Éditions de Fallois, 1998, ISBN 2-253-14712-5

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 28 November 1660 – 7 March 1680 Her Serene Highness Duchess Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria
  • 7 March 1680 – 20 April 1690 Her Royal Highness the Dauphine of France

See also



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Duchess Maria Anna Josepha of Bavaria — Maria Anna Josepha of Bavaria Painting of Maria Anna Josepha by an unknown artist, ca. 1740 Margravine of Baden Baden Tenure …   Wikipedia

  • Duchess Maria Anna of Bavaria — Infobox French Royalty|princess name = Duchess Maria Anna of Bavaria full name = Maria Anna Christine Victoria title = Dauphine of Viennois imgw = 250 caption = date of birth = birth date|1660|11|28|mf=y place of birth = Munich, Bavaria date of… …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Anna of Savoy — Empress and Archduchess consort of Austria; Queen consort of Hungary, Bohemia, Lombardia and Venetia Tenure 12 February 1830 – 2 December 1848 Coronation 12 September 1836 …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Anna of Austria — Queen consort of Portugal Tenure 27 October 1708 – 31 July 1750 Spouse John V of Portugal Issue …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Anna of Spain — Holy Roman Empress, German Queen Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia Portrait of Maria Anna by Velazquez, 1630 Consort 1631–1646 …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Anna of Bavaria (1574–1616) — Maria Anna of Bavaria For other people named Maria Anna of Bavaria, see Maria Anna of Bavaria (disambiguation). Maria Anna of Bavaria (8 December 1574 – 8 March 1616) was daughter of William V, Duke of Bavaria and Renata of Lorraine. Biography …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Anna of Naples and Sicily — Maria Anna Princess of Naples and Sicily House House of Bourbon Two Siclies Father Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies Mother …   Wikipedia

  • Duchess Maria Antonia of Bavaria — Maria Antonia Electress of Saxony Maria Antonia Walpurgis by an unknown artist Spouse Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony Issue …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551–1608) — For other people named Maria Anna of Bavaria, see Maria Anna of Bavaria (disambiguation). Maria Anna of Bavaria Archduchess consort of Austria Tenure 26 August 1571 – 10 July 1590 …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Anna of Neuburg — Queen consort of Spain Tenure 1689–1700 S …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.