Manitoulin District


Manitoulin District
Manitoulin District
—  District  —
Gore Bay
Location of Manitoulin District in Ontario
Country Canada Flag of Canada.svg
Province Ontario Flag of Ontario.svg
Region Northeastern Ontario
Created 1888
Government
 – MP Carol Hughes
 – MPP Michael Mantha
Area
 – Total 4,759.74 km2 (2,957 sq mi)
Population (2006)[1]
 – Total 13,090
 – Density 2.8/km2 (1.7/sq mi)
  Canada 2006 Census
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
Postal code span P0P
Area code(s) 705
Seat Gore Bay

Manitoulin District is a district in Northeastern Ontario within the Canadian province of Ontario. It was created in 1888 from part of Algoma District. The district seat is Gore Bay.

It comprises Manitoulin Island and a number of small islands around it, making it the smallest district in Ontario. Previously it included the municipality of Killarney on the mainland, until this was transferred to Sudbury District in the late 1990s. However, the district still includes a small mainland portion which is part of the Wikwemikong Unceded Indian Reserve.

Contents

Demographics

In 2001, the population of Manitoulin District was 12,679; in 2006, it had risen to 13,090. The district's land area is 4,759.74 km (2,957 mi), for a population density of 2.8 people/km (1.7 people/mi). There are no visible minorities in the district; however, almost 40 per cent of the district's population is First Nations.[1]

Services

Like the other districts of Northern Ontario, the Manitoulin District does not have a county or regional municipality tier of municipal government. All services in the district are provided either by the individual municipalities or directly by the provincial government. However, the Manitoulin District does not have its own administrative area for provincial government services — instead, services are provided jointly with the Sudbury District from its district seat in Espanola.

Organizations

Municipalities

Towns

Townships

Unorganized areas

Indian reserves

  • M'Chigeeng (West Bay)
  • Sheguiandah
  • Sheshegwaning
  • Sucker Creek
  • Whitefish River
  • Wikwemikong
  • Zhiibaahaasing (Cockburn Island)

Communities

  • Advance
  • Bass Creek
  • Bidwell
  • Big Lake
  • Bowser's Corner
  • Britainville
  • Burnt Island
  • Burpee
  • Clover Valley
  • Cold Springs
  • Cook's Dock
  • Dinner Point Depot
  • Dryden's Corner
  • Eads Bush
  • Eagles Nest
  • Elizabeth Bay
  • Evansville
  • Fernlee
  • Foxey
  • Gibraltar
  • Green Bay
  • Grimsthorpe
  • Hilly Grove
  • Honora
  • Ice Lake
  • Kagawong
  • Little Current
  • Long Bay
  • Manitowaning
  • Meldrum Bay
  • Michael's Bay
  • Mindemoya
  • Monument Corner
  • Old Spring Bay
  • Perivale
  • Pleasant Valley
  • Poplar
  • Providence Bay
  • Rockville
  • Sandfield
  • Sheguiandah
  • Silver Water
  • The Slash
  • Snowville
  • South Baymouth
  • Spring Bay
  • Squirrel Town
  • Tobacco Lake
  • Tolsmaville
  • Turner
  • Vanzant's Point

Provincial highways

Manitoulin District is served by only one primary provincial highway, Highway 6. This highway enters the district at the ferry docks in South Baymouth, in the township of Tehkummah, where the Chi-Cheemaun ferry travels to and from Tobermory in the municipality of Northern Bruce Peninsula. It exits the district in the Whitefish River First Nation, just south of Whitefish Falls, when it crosses into the Sudbury District.

A number of secondary provincial highways, the equivalent in a district to a county or municipal road in Southern Ontario, serve the communities of Manitoulin Island. These are:

Highway Extension
540 from the community of Little Current (Northeastern Manitoulin and the Islands) to Meldrum Bay, the westernmost settlement on the island
540A connects Barrie Island to Highway 540
540B connects Gore Bay to Highway 540
542 extends from Highway 540 south of Gore Bay to Highway 6 near Tehkummah
542A connects the community of Tehkummah to Highway 542
551 from M'Chigeeng (West Bay) to Providence Bay (Central Manitoulin)

Demographics

Ethnic groups

  • 62.4% White
  • 38.0% Aboriginal
  • According to Statcan there are no visible minorities in the district, rare for a community in Ontario.

Religious groups

  • 42.3% Protestant
  • 37.3% Roman Catholic
  • 2.7% other Christian
  • 17.7% other/none

References

External links

Media related to Manitoulin at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Cities and towns of Manitoulin District at Wikimedia Commons


Coordinates: 45°46′N 82°12′W / 45.767°N 82.2°W / 45.767; -82.2


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