DuPont Circle Fountain


DuPont Circle Fountain
DuPont Circle Fountain
Artist Daniel Chester French
Year 1920
Type Stone
Location Washington, D.C., United States

Coordinates: 38°54′34.7″N 77°2′36.4″W / 38.909639°N 77.043444°W / 38.909639; -77.043444
Owner National Park Service

The Samuel Francis DuPont Memorial Fountain by Daniel Chester French was commissioned by the DuPont family in 1917, installed 1920, and was dedicated on May 17, 1921.[1] It is located at Dupont Circle, Washington, D.C., at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue NW, Connecticut Avenue NW, New Hampshire Avenue NW, P Street NW, and 19th Street NW. The fountain is a contributing monument to the Civil War Monuments in Washington, DC, of the National Register of Historic Places.

The inscription reads:
Samuel Francis Dupont - Rear Admiral, United States Navy, 1803-1865
This Memorial Fountain Replaces a Statue Erected by the
Congress of the United States in Recognition of
His Distinguished Services.

Contents

Original Statue

Statue as it appeared from 1882 to 1922

In 1871, the Army Corps of Engineers began construction of the traffic circle, then called Pacific Circle, as specified in L'Enfant's plan.

On February 25, 1882, Congress renamed the circle to Dupont Circle, and authorized a memorial statue of Samuel Francis Du Pont, in recognition of his service as a rear admiral during the Civil War. The statue, sculpted by Launt Thompson, was erected in 1884, and the circle was landscaped with exotic flowers and ornamental trees.[2][3]

In 1921, the current double-tiered white marble fountain replaced the statue, which was moved to Rockford Park in Wilmington, Delaware.[4] Daniel Chester French and architect Henry Bacon, the co-creators of the Lincoln Memorial, designed the fountain, which features carvings of three classical nudes symbolizing the sea, the stars and the wind on the fountain's shaft.[2][5] The marble carving was executed by the Piccirilli Brothers. [6]

The fountain today

In the late 1990s the fountain was restored and renovated with work by Constantine Seferlis.[7]

Events

Snowball fight

The park within the circle is a gathering place for those wishing to play chess on the permanent stone chessboards. Tom Murphy, a homeless championship chess player, is a resident.[8] In 2009, a tug of war was sponsored by the Washington Project for the Arts.[9]

The park has also been the location of political rallies, such as those supporting gay rights,[10] those protesting the 2003 invasion of Iraq,[11] the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund.

In 1999 Thelma Billy was arrested handing out Thanksgiving dinner to the homeless.[12][13][14]

See also

  • History of fountains in the United States

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "DuPont Circle Fountain (sculpture)". SIRIS. http://siris-juleyphoto.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=129R7995K5J14.6414&menu=search&aspect=basic_search&npp=50&ipp=20&spp=20&profile=julall&ri=&term=dupont+memorial+fountain&index=.GW&aspect=basic_search&term=&index=.AW&term=&index=.TW&term=&index=.SW&x=0&y=0#focus. 
  2. ^ a b "Dupont Circle Hisoric District". National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/wash/dc50.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  3. ^ Paul Kelsey Williams (2000). Dupont Circle. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0738506338. http://books.google.com/books?id=9pf_TyNB--0C&printsec=frontcover&ei=foZ6SaO-OoPmzAST3Py6Ag#PPA9,M1. 
  4. ^ "Scenes from the Past". The InTowner. March 2004. pp. 12. http://www.washingtonhistory.com/ScenesPast/images/SP_0304.pdf. 
  5. ^ http://www.dcmemorials.com/index_indiv0001621.htm
  6. ^ Richman, Michael, ‘’Daniel Chester French: An American Sculptor’’, The Preservation Press, Washington D.C., 1976 p. 159*8
  7. ^ "Cathedral Sculptor Constantine L. Seferlis Dies". The Washington Post. 2005-04-03. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/04/02/AR2005040200413_pf.html. Retrieved 2009-01-23. 
  8. ^ Tower, Wells (September 30, 2007 url = http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/09/25/AR2007092501981.html). "The Days and Knights of Tom Murphy". The Washington Post. 
  9. ^ http://annemarchand.blogspot.com/2009/04/tug-of-war-at-wpa.html
  10. ^ http://www.nbcwashington.com/news/local-beat/Prop-8-Protests-in-Dupont-Circle.html
  11. ^ www.examiner.com/alternative-transportation-in-washington-dc/anti-war-protest-clogs-traffic-at-dupont-circle
  12. ^ Loose, Cindy (1999-11-25). "Hassles Over Feeding the Hungry Are Warmly Rewarded". http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/46639461.html?FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&date=Nov+25%2C+1999&author=Cindy+Loose&pub=The+Washington+Post&edition=&startpage=B.01&desc=Hassles+Over+Feeding+the+Hungry+Are+Warmly+Rewarded. 
  13. ^ Riechmann, Deb (1997-03-16). "Kind Act Grows into Hunger Crusade". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1997-03-16/news/mn-38855_1_george-billy. 
  14. ^ http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-56798142.html

External links


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