Margaret of Denmark, Queen of Scotland


Margaret of Denmark, Queen of Scotland
Margaret of Denmark
Margaret of Denmark
Queen consort of Scotland
Tenure 1469–1486
Spouse James III of Scotland
Issue
James IV of Scotland
James, Duke of Ross
John, Earl of Mar
House House of Oldenburg
Father Christian I of Denmark
Mother Dorothea of Brandenburg
Born 23 June 1456
Denmark
Died 14 July 1486 (aged 30)
Stirling Castle, Stirlingshire
Burial Cambuskenneth Abbey, Stirlingshire

Margaret of Denmark (23 June 1456 – before 14 July 1486) was the Queen Consort of Scotland from 1469 to 1486 as the wife of King James III of Scotland. She was the daughter of King Christian I of Denmark (1448–1481), Norway (1450–1481), and Sweden (1457–1464), and his wife Dorothea of Brandenburg. The future King James IV of Scotland was her eldest son.

Contents

Life

Margaret was betrothed to James of Scotland in 1460. The marriage was arranged by recommendation of the king of France to end the feud between Denmark and Scotland about the taxation of the Hebrides islands, a conflict that raged between 1426 and 1460. In July 1469 (at age 13), at Holyrood Abbey, she married James III, King of Scots (1460–88). Her father, King Christian I of Denmark and Norway, agreed to a considerable dowry. He was in need of cash, however, so the islands of Orkney and Shetland, possessions of the Norwegian crown, were pledged as security until the dowry was to be paid.

William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness, was at that time the Norse Earl of Orkney. In 1472 he was made to exchange his Orkney fief to Castle Ravenscraig, so the Scottish throne took the earl's rights in the islands too.

This marriage produced three children:

Margaret became a popular queen in Scotland and was described as beautiful, gentle, and sensible[1] A story given by her son claims that Margaret was killed by poison given to her by Ramsay, leader of one of the political factions[1] However, as Ramsay was favoured by the royal family also after the death of the queen, this is considered doubtful and may have been slander [1]

She died at Stirling Castle and is buried in Cambuskenneth Abbey.

Legacy

King James III and Queen Margaret on the 1562 Froman Armorial

Her great-great-grandson James VI of Scotland married another princess of her dynasty, Anne of Denmark. They became ancestors of all the future monarchs of England and Scotland.

She was responsible for introducing the bloodline of England's first Danish monarch King Sweyn Forkbeard into the Scottish Royal blood line, and after James VI of Scotland ascended to the English throne in 1603, into the English royal bloodline as well.

Ancestry

References

External links

Scottish royalty
Preceded by
Mary of Guelders
Queen consort of Scotland
1469–1486
Succeeded by
Margaret Tudor

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Margaret of Denmark — may refer to: Margaret Fredkulla (1080s–1130), wife of king Niels of Denmark Margarethe of Bohemia (1186–1212), aka Queen Dagmar, first wife of Valdemar II of Denmark Margaret Sambiria (1230–1282) of Pomerelia, wife of king Christopher I of… …   Wikipedia

  • Queen Margaret of Denmark — Margaret (or Margrethe) has been a favourite name for princesses and queens in Denmark. There have been at least following people who have been called as Queen Margaret of Denmark: *Margaret of Sweden, wife of king Niels of Denmark *Margaret of… …   Wikipedia

  • Margaret of Sweden, Queen of Norway — Margaret of Sweden Queen consort of Norway Heraldic lions used by the Erican dynasty Reign 1189–1202 Spouse Sverre of Norway Issue …   Wikipedia

  • Margaret of France, Queen of England — For other people of the same name, see Margaret of France (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Margaret of France, Queen of England and Hungary. Margaret of France Queen consort of England Tenure …   Wikipedia

  • Margaret of France, Queen of England and Hungary — For other people of the same name, see Margaret of France (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Margaret of France, Queen of England. Margaret of France Junior Queen consort of the English Tenure 1170 – 11 June 1183 …   Wikipedia

  • Margaret Drummond, Queen of Scotland — For the mistress of King James IV, see Margaret Drummond (Mistress). Margaret Drummond Queen consort of Scotland Tenure 1364–1369 Spouse Sir John Logie David II of Scotland House Clan Drummond Father Sir Malcolm Drummond Mother …   Wikipedia

  • Christina of Denmark, Queen of Norway — For other people named Christina of Denmark, see Christina of Denmark (disambiguation). Coat of arms of Denmark Christina Knutsdatter of Denmark, in Norway known as Kristin Knutsdotter, (c. 1118–1139) was a Danish princess and a Norwegian Queen… …   Wikipedia

  • Ingeborg of Denmark, Queen of Norway — Ingeborg Eriksdotter (ca. 1244 1287) was the Queen consort of Norway from 1263 to 1280, married to King Magnus VI of Norway. She was born the daughter of Eric IV of Denmark.On 11 September 1261, she married Magnus Håkonsson, the heir to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Margaret of Scotland, Queen of Norway — Margaret of Scotland Queen consort of Norway Tenure 1281 – 9 April 1283 Spouse Eric II of Norway Issue Margaret, Maid of Norway House …   Wikipedia

  • Margaret, Maid of Norway — For other Scottish queens and princesses called Margaret, see Margaret of Scotland (disambiguation). Margaret Imaginary painting of the Maid of Norway Queen of Scots Disputed reign …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.