- Magor, Monmouthshire
Magor Welsh: Magwyr
War memorial in the centre of Magor
Magor shown within Monmouthshire
Population 5,876 OS grid reference Principal area Monmouthshire Ceremonial county Gwent Country Wales Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town CALDICOT Postcode district NP26 Dialling code 01633 Police Gwent Fire South Wales Ambulance Welsh EU Parliament Wales UK Parliament Newport East List of places: UK • Wales • Monmouthshire
Magor (Welsh: Magwyr) - meaning 'a wall' - is a large village in Monmouthshire, south east Wales, between Chepstow and the city of Newport, and adjoining the Caldicot Levels beside the Severn estuary. Magor lies close to the M4 motorway, which has a nearby motorway service area sharing its name. It is within the commuter belts of Newport, Bristol and Cardiff.
The original Welsh language name Magwyr, from which the English name is derived, is thought to originate from the Latin maceria, meaning masonry walls or ruins. It may relate either to a now-lost Roman villa in the area, or alternatively to sea defences or a causeway built by the Romans. Magor and the surrounding area contain many Roman ruins and artefacts, and the village centre was originally located at the inner edge of salt marshes which the Romans began to reclaim as farmland. The local name "Whitewall" may relate to the same causeway, which would have connected the village to a small now-vanished harbour on the Severn estuary known as Abergwaitha or Aberweytha.
In 1994 the remains of a 13th century boat, used for trading along and across the Severn estuary, and perhaps with Ireland, were found buried in the mud of the estuary close to Magor Pill. The boat was found to have been carrying iron ore from Glamorgan.
According to tradition, the Church in Wales parish church was founded in the 7th century, and was originally dedicated to St. Leonard[disambiguation needed ]. The existing building has been described as "one of the most ambitious churches in Monmouthshire". The earliest parts of the building date from the 13th century, at about the same time as it was handed by Gilbert Marshal, Earl of Pembroke to the abbey of Anagni in Italy. It was later administered by Tintern Abbey.
Remains of the Procurator's House, some parts of which may date from the 14th century and others from the 16th century, are still standing just off the village square. The Procurator was responsible for collecting the tithes of the village on behalf of the abbey. The church was greatly extended in the 15th century, and was restored and re-dedicated to St. Mary in the mid-19th century.
Although it could be described as a dormitory town it has a thriving village centre containing shops, pubs, restaurants and a Post Office. Magor and the neighbouring village of Undy support a thriving athletic club whose clubhouse and pitches are found at the eastern end of the villages.
Undy actually consists of all land lying to the north of Magor reen, taking in Dancing Hill where the reen intersects Cowleaze (Magor) to the south and Millfield Park and Mill Reen (Undy) to the north. Vinegar Hill, often regarded as a boundary point between Magor and Undy, actually lies wholly within Undy.
Magor Marsh is a 90 acres (36 ha) wetland reserve managed by the Gwent Wildlife Trust. It has a rich variety of habitats, including damp hay meadows, sedge fen, reedbed, scrub, wet woodland, a large pond and numerous reens. It includes breeding grounds for Common Snipe, Common Redshank, Reed Warbler, Grasshopper Warbler and Cetti's Warbler. It is the richest site in Wales for wetland beetles and soldier-flies, and its pattern of drainage ditches and other features has remained unchanged since the 14th century.
- See Category:People from Magor
- ^ Photo of M4 at Magor
- ^ Name "Magor" at Gwent County History Association
- ^ Magor boat at S4C
- ^ Nayling, Nigel (1998). The Magor Pill medieval wreck. Council for British Archaeology. pp. 105–111. ISBN 1-872414-86-9.
- ^ a b Sir Joseph Bradney, A History of Monmouthshire, vol.4 part 2, 1932
- ^ a b John Newman, The Buildings of Wales: Gwent/Monmouthshire, 2000, ISBN 0-14-071053-1
- ^ http://www.statistics.gov.uk/geography/downloads/gbttwa.pdf
- ^ BBC News: "M4 and airport road plans dropped", 15 July 2009
- ^ Ebenezer Baptist Church
- ^ A guide to the nature reserves of the Gwent Wildlife Trust, leaflet, 2009
- ^ Severnside Forum: Magor Marshes - a summary of ecological information
- ^ BBC: Magor Marsh
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Magor railway station — Magor Location … Wikipedia
Magor — may refer to the following: Ivan Martin Jirous – a Czech underground poet Magor (Middle earth), a character from J. R. R. Tolkien s legendarium of Middle earth Magor is a legendary ancestor of the Hungarian people, see Hunor and Magor Magor,… … Wikipedia
Monmouthshire County Council — The Logo of Monmouthshire Council The Arms of Monmouthshire County Council Control Conservative MPs David Davies (Monmouth constituency) … Wikipedia
Magor services — County Monmouthshire Road M4 (also accessible to traffic on the B4245) Coordinates … Wikipedia
Magor Rural District — Magor Geography Status Rural District HQ Newport History Created 1894 … Wikipedia
Monmouthshire (historic) — For other uses, see Monmouthshire (disambiguation). Monmouthshire Welsh: Sir Fynwy Motto: Faithful to both (Utrique Fidelis) … Wikipedia
Monmouthshire — For other uses, see Monmouthshire (disambiguation). County of Monmouthshire Sir Fynwy Geography Area Total % Water … Wikipedia
Monmouthshire County Council election, 2008 — Elections to Monmouthshire County Council were held on 1 May 2008. The whole council was up for election and the Conservative party held overall control of the council. Contents 1 Election results: overview 2 Electoral division (ward) results 3… … Wikipedia
Magor and St Mellons Rural District — Coordinates: 51°34′59″N 2°55′52″W / 51.583°N 2.931°W / 51.583; 2.931 … Wikipedia
Monmouthshire County Council election, 2004 — Elections to Monmouthshire County Council were held on 10 June 2004 on the same day of the European Elections. The whole council was up for election and following boundary changes the number of seats was increased to 43. The Conservatives gained… … Wikipedia