- Comparative sociology
Sociology Portal Theory · History Research methods Topics · Subfields
Cities · Class · Crime · Culture
Deviance · Demography · Education
Economy · Environment · Family
Gender · Health · Industry · Internet
Knowledge · Law · Medicine
Politics · Mobility · Race and ethnicity
Rationalization · Religion · Science
Secularization · Social networks
Social psychology · Stratification
Categories · Lists
Comparative sociology generally refers to sociological analysis that involves comparison of social processes between nation-states, or across different types of society (for example capitalist and socialist).
There are two main approaches to comparative sociology: some seek similarity across different countries and cultures whereas others seek variance. For example, structural Marxists have attempted to use comparative methods to discover the general processes that underlie apparently different social orderings in different societies. The danger of this approach is that the different social contexts are overlooked in the search for supposed universal structures. One sociologist who employed comparative methods to understand variance was Max Weber, whose studies attempted to show how differences between cultures explained the different social orderings that had emerged (see for example The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism and Sociology of Religion).
There is some debate within sociology regarding whether the label of ‘comparative’ is suitable. Emile Durkheim argued in The Rules of Sociological Method (1895) that all sociological research was in fact comparative since social phenomenon are always held to be typical, representative or unique, all of which imply some sort of comparison. In this sense, all sociological analysis is comparative and it has been suggested that what is normally referred to as comparative research, may be more appropriately called cross-national research.
- Historical institutionalism
- Structuration Theory
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
comparative sociology — comparative sociology, comparative method All sociology is implicitly comparative, since social phenomena are invariably held in some way to be typical, representative, or unique, all of which implies appropriate comparison. Émile Durkheim was… … Dictionary of sociology
Comparative education — is a fully established academic field of study that examines education in one country (or group of countries) by using data and insights drawn from the practises and situation in another country, or countries. Programs and courses in comparative… … Wikipedia
Sociology in medieval Islam — Medieval Islamic sociology refers to the study of sociology and the social sciences in the medieval Islamic world. Early Islamic sociology responded to the challenges of social organization of diverse peoples all under common religious… … Wikipedia
Comparative (disambiguation) — Contents 1 Language 2 Social sciences 3 Government and law 4 … Wikipedia
SOCIOLOGY — as a field of intellectual endeavor is much older than sociology as an academic discipline. Modern sociology can be traced to the Scottish moralists such as Adam Ferguson, David Hume, Adam Smith, and possibly to Thomas Hobbes. The word sociology… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Comparative law — is the study of differences and similarities between the law of different countries. More specifically, it involves study of the different legal systems in existence in the world, including the common law, the civil law, socialist law, Islamic… … Wikipedia
Comparative literature — (sometimes abbreviated Comp. lit. ) is an academic field dealing with the literature of two or more different linguistic, cultural or national groups. While most frequently practiced with works of different languages, comparative literature may… … Wikipedia
Sociology — • The claims of sociology to a place in the hierarchy of sciences are subjected to varied controversy. It has been held that there is no distinct problem for a science of sociology, no feature of human society not already provided for in the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Sociology of culture — Sociology … Wikipedia
sociology — Sociology sets out to ‘describe, understand and explain’ (Abercrombie et al. 1986) the social world that we inhabit. Far from being a ‘new’ discipline, it has its roots in the early nineteenth century, with Auguste Comte (1798–1857) first… … Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture