- Great Patriotic War (term)
The term Great Patriotic War ( _ru. Великая Отечественная война, "Velikaya Otechestvennaya Vojna" [ _uk. Велика Вітчизняна війна; _be. Вялікая Айчынная вайна; _uz. Улуғ Ватан уруши; _kk. Ұлы Отан соғысы; _az. Бөјүк Вәтән мүһарибәси; _lt. Didysis Tėvynės karas; _mo. Мареле Рэзбой пентру апэраря Патрией; _lv. Lielais Tēvijas karš; _ky. Улуу Ата Мекендик согуш; _hy. Մեծ Հայրենական պատերազմ; _tk. Бейик Ватанчылык уршы; _et. Suur Isamaasõda; _tt. Бөек Ватан сугышы] ) is used in
Russiaand some other states of the former Soviet Unionto describe the war of 1941 to 1945 between Nazi Germanyand its Axis allies and the Soviet Union (exact dates are from June 22 1941 to May 9 1945). The term is not generally used outside the former Soviet Union (see Eastern Front).
There is a difference between this term and "
World War II", as the Russian term refers only to the war between Germany and its European allies, and the Soviet Union. The war with Japan (including Operation August Storm) and the war on the Western front are not referred to by this term.
The term was coined following the German attack against the Soviet Union on
June 22, 1941and was to mobilize the population to defend the motherland. Before then, the term "Patriotic War" (Russian: Отечественная война) referred to the French invasion of Russiaunder Napoleon in 1812, which is now known as the Patriotic War of 1812.
The term "Great Patriotic War" appeared in the Soviet newspaper "
Pravda" soon after Nazi Germanyinvaded the Soviet Union, in a long article titled "The Great Patriotic War of the Soviet People" (Russian: Великая Отечественная война cоветского народа).
In the Soviet
lexicography, the war was usually presented as struggle between two ideologies, with the result of the war being the victory of Soviet communist system over fascism. [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1703919,00.html Genocide's Ghosts] , " TIME Magazine", January 16, 2008]
During the conflict, the Soviet Union created the
Order of the Patriotic Warawarded for heroic deeds.
Eastern Front (World War II)
World War II
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