Equipment of the modern Egyptian Army


Equipment of the modern Egyptian Army

The following list outlines the major equipment holdings of the modern Egyptian Army.

Contents

Infantry Weapons

Small arms

Name Type Caliber Origin Notes
Helwan Semi-automatic pistol 9X19 mm  Italy/ Egypt Produced under license by the Ministry of Military Production, Factory 54[1]
P226 Semi-automatic pistol 9X19 mm  Switzerland
Helwan 920 Semi-automatic pistol 9X19 mm  Italy/ Egypt Beretta M92-FS pistol, with early Beretta 92-style grip-mounted magazine release button. Produced under license by the Ministry of Military Production, Factory 54[2]
MP5 Submachine gun 9X19 mm  Germany Used by Paratroopers, Commandos & Unit 777
UMP Submachine gun 9X19 mm  Germany Used by Commandos
Misr Assault rifle 7.62X39 mm  Egypt Indigenous version of the Soviet AKM rifle. Produced under license by the Al Maadi Company for Engineering Industries (Factory 54).[3][4]
M16 Assault rifle 5.56X45 mm  United States Used by M1A1 crews
M4 Carbine 5.56X45 mm  United States Used by Paratroopers
RPD Light machine gun 7.62X39 mm  Soviet Union/ Egypt Produced locally under license. (See RPD page)
FN Minimi Light machine gun 5.56X45 mm  Belgium/ Egypt Produced locally under license.[5]
RPK[6] Light machine gun 7.62X39 mm  Soviet Union
PK/PKM/PKMS[7] General purpose machine gun 7.62X54 mm  Soviet Union
M60E4 General purpose machine gun 7.62X51 mm  United States Also known as Mk43
FN MAG General purpose machine gun 7.62X51 mm  Belgium/ Egypt Produced locally under license[8][9] (See FN MAG page)
DShK Heavy machine gun 12.7X108 mm  Soviet Union
NSV Heavy machine gun 12.7X108 mm  Soviet Union Used by T-80 crews
M2HB Heavy machine gun 12.7X99 mm  United States
KPV Heavy machine gun 14.5X114 mm  Soviet Union See KPV page
Dragunov SVD[10] Sniper rifle 7.62X54 mm  Soviet Union
PSG1 Sniper rifle 7.62X51 mm  Germany
M40A3 Sniper rifle 7.62X51 mm  United States
MK19 Automatic grenade launcher 40X53 mm  United States/ Egypt Manufactured locally.[11][12]
Maadi GL Underbarrel grenade launcher 40X46 mm  United States/ Egypt Manufactured locally [13][14]
M79 Single shot grenade launcher 40X46 mm  United States
An Egyptian marine aims his RPD.

Anti-tank and missile

Recoilless rifles

Anti tank

  • RPG-7 A/T (179,000+) (locally made)
  • Milan II wire-guided anti-armor missile system (220+)
  • Swingfire wire-guided anti-armor missile system (260+) (locally made)
  • BGM-71D TOW II wire-guided anti-armor missile system (810+)(locally made)[18]
  • AT-3 Sagger upgraded wire-guided anti-armor missile system (1400+) (locally upgraded)
  • AGM-114 Hellfire (500+)

Man-portable air defense

  • Sakr Eye Egyptian modified version of the SA-7 MANPAD short range SAM (2,500+)
  • Stinger MANPAD short range SAM (1,800+)
  • Igla (known also as SA-18) MANPAD short range SAM (600+)

Vehicles

Armored fighting vehicles

Mode Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
Main Battle Tank
M1 Abrams 1,130 [19][20][21] 1992-2011  United States/ Egypt Built by Egypt under license during 4 phases (Phase I, 555 Vehicles, Phase II, 200 Vehicles, Phase III, 125 Vehicles, and Phase IV, 125 vehicles), completion date is scheduled for 2011 for phase IV.[19][20] All vehicles were produced at M1A1 standard and later upgraded many times and in 2010 to M1A2 SEP Standard. An additional 125 are being procured as kits and built in Egypt under Phase V, [21]
M60 2000/120S 1000[22] 2011-  United States/ Egypt 1000 out of the 1700 M60A3 Patton will be upgraded to the M60 2000/120S as of 2011.[22]
M60A3 Patton 716 [23] 1979/1992/2001/2002  United States/ Egypt Out of 735 M60A3 + 700 M60A1 were brought up to A3 Standard from U.S. Army Europe surplus stocks in Germany between 1979-1988 + 173 M60A3 between 1992-2001[24] + 108 M60A3 from the Austrian Army Surplus in 2002,[25] many units underwent several upgrades, including, a new engine (908 hp), extensive armor addition, armored side skirts, fire control system with ballistics computer, infrared vision device, laser rangefinder, upgraded gun stabilizer.[26]
T-80 34 1997  Russia 14 T-80UK and 20 T-80U purchased in 1997.[27]
Ramses II 260 2004-  Egypt A significantly upgraded T-54/55. Though the initial prototype (T-54E) was delivered in 1984, full production did not begin until 2004-2005, an additional 140-160 are to be converted from stored T-55.
T-62 500[26][23] 1971/1982/1995/2004  Soviet Union/ Egypt Underwent 3 upgrades, the 1st upgrade: RO-115 Mark I: developed in early 1980s, retaining the 115 mm gun, more powerful ammunition allows engaging a target at greater range. (Some were replaced with the L7 105 mm gun offered by the Austrian firm NORICUM), British diesel engine of 750 hp (559 kW), two-plane stabilizer, ballistic computer, laser rangefinder in an armoured box over the main armament, six smoke grenade launchers on the right side of the turret, fire control system from BMP-3 IFV, additional armor including reactive armor, weight increased to 43 tons; the 2nd upgrade: T-62E Mark II: In the mid 1990s, fitted with a license-built German MTU engine developing 880 hp (656 kW), armed with a license-built 105 mm M68 tank gun, Italian fire control system with ballistics computer, infrared vision device, laser rangefinder, upgraded gun stabilizer, additional armor including reactive armour, armored side skirts, modernized suspension, six smoke grenade launchers on each side of the turret, upgraded NBC protection system (could carry two Egyptian-made two-round anti-tank missile launchers or two 2-rounds launchers for 80 mm D-3000 Sakr smoke rockets on an encroachment extension on each side of the turret), weight increased to 45 tons; the 3rd upgrade: RO-120 Mark III: developed in 2004, armed with the 120 mm M-393 tank gun developed by FSUE. The gun is 5.30 m long and weighs 2.6 tonnes (−7° depression/ +15° elevation), a new license-built German MTU engine of 890 hp (664 kW), additional armor including reactive armor and armored side skirts resulting in a weight increase to 46.5 tons, upgrade completed by 2008; (an additional 100 in storage).[26][28]
T-55 340 [26][23] 1961/1984/1997  Soviet Union/ Egypt Early updates made starting in 1984: the T-55E Mark 0 ("E" stands for Egyptian variant), fitted with a new Russian engine developing 580 hp. It came in two variants: the first upgrade of the T-55E Mark 0 was fitting it with a German AEG infrared/white searchlight on the left hand side of the main armament and a Yugoslav "Iskra" laser rangefinder, the second upgrade of the T-55E Mark 0 was fitting it with the DShK 1938/46 antiaircraft heavy machine gun and the German AEG searchlight. In 1997, two upgrades were resulted in: the first was the T-55E MK I ("E" stands for Egyptian variant), fitted with a more powerful engine developing 650 hp, fire control system (which includes a ballistic computer), searchlight, laser rangefinders and appliqué armour. All those additions resulted in weight increasing to 41 tonnes and retaining the original 100 mm tank gun with performance and ammunition improvement; the second was the T-55E MK II ("E" stands for Egyptian variant), it was fitted with a German engine developing 880 hp, M68 105 mm tank gun, Italian fire control system (which includes an Italian ballistic computer), infrared device, laser rangefinder, stabilization system, modernized suspension, six smoke grenade launchers on each side of the turret, NBC protection system, appliqué armor and armored side skirts. All those additions resulted in weight increasing to 44 tonnes. Conversions were scheduled to be completed by the end of 2008.; (an additional 500 in storage).
Infantry Fighting Vehicle
YPR-765 PRI 1,030[23] 1996  United States Tracket IFV, European version of the American AIFV; purchased from Belgium and the Netherlands, equipped with the 25 mm KBA-B02 turret.
EIFV 300 1997-  Egypt Tracket IFV, it is an upgrade for the M113 consisting of additional armor, an improved engine, and the turret from an M2 Bradley, an additional 900 are being assembled in Egypt.[29]
SIFV[30] 800 1995  United States/ Egypt Tracked IFV, locally upgraded with additional armor and equipped with the 25 mm KBA-B02 turret.[30]
Fahd 280-30 635 1986  Egypt 4X4 IFV, equipped with the BMP-2 turret.
BMP-1 220[23] 1972  Soviet Union Amphibious tracked IFV.
Armored Personnel Carrier
Fahd 240 765 1986  Egypt 4X4 APC, some with BTM-208 turret and others with Milan AT launcher. Production ongoing
M113A2 2,150 [31] 1980-2002  United States Tracket APC, uparmored and equipement with a protective shield for its 12.7 mm main weapon station.
BTR-40/SPW-40Chs 230[23] 1955/1991  Soviet Union/ Germany Amphibious 4X4 APC, 350 were ordered from the Soviet Union in 1955 and delivered between 1955 and 1959. 30 SPW-40Chs were ordered in 1991 from Germany and delivered later that year (aid during the First Persian Gulf War). 200 in service at present (relegated to Border Patrol) + 30 for NBC protection and detection.
BTR-50PK/BTR-50PKM 250[23] 1966/2004  Soviet Union Amphibious tracked APC, 500 were ordered in 1964 from the Soviet Union and delivered between 1965 and 1966 (the vehicles were possibly previously in Soviet service). 250 BTR-50PKs are currently in service, out of which 100 were upgraded to BTR-50PKM standard.
BTR-60PB 200[23] 1970  Soviet Union Amphibious 8X8 APC, a few hundred BTR-60s and BTR-152s acquired before June 1967.[3] 650 BTR-60PBs were ordered in 1969 from the Soviet Union and delivered between 1970 and 1973. Currently 200 BTR-60PBs are in service.
BTR-152K 175[23] 1963  Soviet Union Amphibious 6X6 APC, out of 675 BTR-152s originally bought (relegated to Border Patrol). Also Egypt operated 120 BTR-152 converted into SPAAGs (See Egypt section for details) but withdrawn them from service in the middle of the 1980s.
OT-62B 250 1972  Poland/ Czechoslovakia Amphibious tracked APC, to be upgraded in Ukraine.[32] (another 250 in reserve)
OT-64A 300[23] 1973  Poland/ Czechoslovakia Amphibious 8X8 APC, kown also as OT-64C and fitted with the BRDM-2 turret.
BMR-600 260[23] 1986  Spain Amphibious 6X6 APC.
Walid MKII 650 1966  Egypt 4X4 Armored border patrol vehicle.
Amphibious personnel carrier
K-61 180 1971  Soviet Union Tracked amphibious personnel and cargo carrier[33][34] Media related to K-61 at Wikimedia Commons
PTS-M 350 1973  Soviet Union Tracked amphibious personnel and cargo carrier
Tank Destroyer
M901A3 52[23] 1986  United States Tracked tank destroyer.
YPR-765 PRAT 290[23] 1988  Netherlands Tracked tank destroyer, equipped with Norwegian Tow Under Armour (TUA) turrets.
Armored reconnaissance vehicle
M981 FISTV 72 1998  United States Artillery fire support team and observeration vehicle.
RG-32M 180-200 2003  South Africa 4X4 Full armor version, used for border patrol.
BRDM-2 300[23] 1968  Soviet Union Amphibious 4X4 Armored reconnaissance scout.
V150 Commando 180[23] 2001  United States 4X4 Armored reconnaissance scout.
Cadillac Gage Commando Scout 112 1986  United States 4X4 Armored reconnaissance scout.[35]
Armoured Infantry mobility vehicle
HMMWV 2,965 1988-  United States All variants: M998/ MM1038/ M-1043 utility and cargo vehicles, M1151 uparmored utility vehicle and M996/ MM1043 ambulance versions are included; (additional 575 M1043 are on order). AOI has a project of fitting HMMWVs with anti armor weaponry, options include: TOW, Milan, or HOT missiles.[36]
M1114 375 1995  United States 4X4 Configured as forward artillery observation vehicle.
M1043 350 1988  United States 4X4 Configured as armored reconnaissance scout.
Tiger Kader-120 650 1998  Spain/ Egypt 4X4 Armored reconnaissance scout (Locally built).[37][38][39][40]
Kader-320 820 2004  Germany/ Egypt Based on the Mercedes Benz G320 4X4.[37][41][40] (ongoing production)
Hotspur HUSSARD 110 1986  United Kingdom 6X6 Armored patrol vehicle.

Field support

  • M577 Tracked field command vehicle (280)
  • M548 Unarmored tracked support and cargo vehicle (275)
  • M992 Armored tracked artillery ammunition support vehicle for the M-109 (250)

Engineering

  • M728 Tracked CEV (72)
  • M88A2 Tracked ARV (126)(local production)[42]
  • BTS-4A Tracked ARV (52)
  • BREM-1 Tracked ARV (36)
  • M578 Tracked light ARV (48)
  • M579 Tracked light ARV (72)
  • YPR-765-PRBRG Tracked Light ARV (38)
  • Fahd ARV 4X4 Light ARV (124)
  • M984 8X8 ARV (210)
  • MDK-2M Ditcher (48)[43][44][45]
  • PZM-2 Ditcher (36)[46][47][48][49]
  • BAT-2 Route clearer (72)[46]
  • M9 ACE Armored Demolition Caterpillar (120)
  • Caterpillar D9 (250)
  • Caterpillar D7 (240)
  • Caterpillar 930G Front Loader (270)

Amphibious bridging

Mine dispensers / clearance

Logistics and utility

  • M998 4X4 Utility and cargo carrier (675)
  • M1038 4X4 Utility and cargo carrier (450)
  • M1043 4X4 Uparmored utility vehicle (510)
  • M1151 4X4 Uparmored utility vehicle (1040)
  • M996 4X4 Mini ambulance (150)
  • M1043 4X4 Maxi ambulance (140)
  • Fahd 4X4 Armored ambulance (120)
  • Tiger Kader-120 4X4 Armored ambulance[37] (130) (Locally built)
  • G320 4X4 Armored ambulance[37] (190) (Locally built)
  • G320 4X4 Armored utility velicle[37] (2900) (Locally built)
  • Jeep CJ7/Jeep CJ8/Jeep TJ/Jeep JK/Jeep J8 4X4 utility vehicle[37] (10,650) (Locally built)
  • M151 MUTT 4X4 Utility vehicle (4,750)
  • M274 4X4 Cargo platform (1,500)
  • GAZ-66 4X4 Utility and cargo truck (5,100)
  • Pegaso 3046 4x4 Utility and cargo truck (9,850)
  • FAP 1118 4X4 Utility and cargo truck (1,250)
  • Mk23 4X4 Utility and cargo truck[63] (550)
  • MK25 4X4 Utility and cargo truck [63] (950)
  • ZIL-131 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (1,800)
  • URAL-375D 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (2,750)
  • Ural-4320 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (3,500+) (Locally built, ongoing production)
  • KrAZ-255 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (850)
  • KrAZ-6322 6x6 Utility and cargo truck (250)
  • FAP 2026 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (860)
  • FAP 2228 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (650)
  • Scania SBA111 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (590)
  • M35 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (1,050)(US army surplus)
  • M54 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (950)(US army surplus)
  • M923 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (600)
  • M927 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (600)
  • M931 6X6 Utility and cargo truck (275)
  • MK27 6X6 Utility and cargo truck[63] (450)
  • MK31 6X6 Utility and cargo truck[63] (350)
  • MK36 8X8 Utility and cargo truck[63] (250)
  • Ural-5323 8X8 Utility and cargo truck (550)
  • ZIL-135 8X8 Utility and cargo truck (380)
  • MAZ-543 8X8 Utility and cargo truck (250)
  • M977 8X8 Utility and cargo truck[63] (375)
  • M985 8X8 Utility and cargo truck[63] (500)
  • M978 8X8 Utility and cargo truck (75)[63]
  • M1074 10X10 Heavy cargo carrier (110)
  • M1075 10X10 Heavy cargo carrier (90)
  • M1076 10X10 Heavy cargo carrier (70)
  • M 970A1 Refueler Tanker (175)
  • M-818 Tractor Trailer (560)
  • M911 HETS Tractor with M746 trailer (450)
  • M1070 HETS Tractor with M1000 trailer (320+)(produced under license)[64]

Missile and rocket

The Egyptian ballistic missile development program apparently continues, with steadfast technological progress since the 1960s. The RS-120 Tactical Ballistic Missile Program is still in the developmental stage and should be shortly replacing the Frog-7 and supplementing the Sakr 80; by having a range of 120 km, it would be considered as an intermediate system between the battlefield range ballistic missile system and the theater ballistic missile system. Should, however, there be a dramatic change in its political climate and financial resources, Egypt possesses the technological and personnel resources to produce a Scud B/C, Al Badr and Project-T and could possibly acquire the Nodong missile technology.[65] [66][67]

Theater ballistic missile

Battlefield range ballistic missile

Artillery

Self propelled artillery

  • M109A1/A2 155 mm self-propelled howitzer (420)
  • M109A5 155 mm self-propelled howitzer (201)
  • SPH 122 mm 122 mm self-propelled howitzer (D-30 howitzer on M109 A2 chassis) (locally assembled from kits) (124)[72][73]
  • SPH 122 mm self-propelled howitzer (D-30 howitzer on T-34 chassis) (Locally assembled)[74] (76)
  • M110A2 203 mm self-propelled howitzer (144),[75][76]

Self propelled mortars

Field artillery

Howitzers

  • D-20 152 mm towed field gun howitzer (150)
  • D-30M 122 mm towed field howitzer (600) (Manufactured locally - production as needed)[77]

Field guns

  • S-23 180 mm towed field heavy gun (24)
  • GH 52 155 mm towed field gun w/APU (400) (Being manufactured locally under license - production as needed)[78]
  • M-46 130 mm towed field gun (420) (Manufactured locally - production as needed)[79]
  • Type 59-1M 130 mm towed field gun (150)
  • D-74 122 mm towed field gun (148)
  • Type 60 122 mm towed field gun (148)
  • M1944 100 mm towed field gun (200)

Mortars

Training artillery

Howitzers and field guns
  • ML-20 152 mm towed field howitzer (100) - Retained for training
  • M-30 122 mm towed field howitzer (200) - Retained for training
  • A-19 122 mm towed field gun (50) - Retained for training
Mortars

Stored artillery

  • D-20 152 mm towed field gun howitzer (120)
  • D-1 152 mm towed field howitzer (150)
  • ML-20 152 mm towed field howitzer (100)
  • M-30 122 mm towed field howitzer (150)

Multiple rocket launcher

  • VAP-80: 80 mm towed/self propelled non-guided rocket system of 12 tubes arranged in 3 rows of 4: Range: 8 km: (250 launcher units)[84]
  • RL-812 TLC 107 mm towed non-guided rocket system of 12 tubes arranged in 3 rows of 4: Range 9 km: (96 launcher units)[85][86]
  • PRL81: 107 mm non-guided rocket system of a single tube based on a tripod stand: Range: 8 km, Egyptian modified version of the Type 63 multiple rocket launcher: (250 launcher units)[87][86]
  • Sakr-4 also known as PRL111:122 mm non-guided rocket system of a single tube based on a tripod stand: Range: 10.8 km: (120 launcher units)[88][70]
  • Sakr-8:122 mm non-guided rocket system of 2 or 3 tubes based on a tripod stand or a Jeep: Range: 10.8 km, Egyptian modified version of the BM21: (48 launcher units)
  • Sakr-10:122 mm self-propelled non-guided rocket system of 4 tubes arranged in 2 rows of 2 on a tripod stand or a Jeep: Range: 10.8 km, Egyptian modified version of the BM-21: (50 Launcher Units)[70]
  • BM-11 122 mm non-guided rocket system of 30 tubes arranged in 2 rows of 15: Range: 20.8 km: (96 launcher units)
  • BM-21 122 mm non-guided rocket system of 40 tubes arranged in 4 rows of 10: Range: 20.8 km: (215 launcher units)
  • Sakr-18 (Known as RL-21):122 mm self-propelled battlefield rocket system of 30 tubes arranged in 3 rows of 10: Range: 20.8 km, Egyptian modified version of the BM21: (72 launcher units)[70]
  • Sakr-30 (Known as RC-21):122 mm self-propelled battlefield rocket system of 40 tubes arranged in 4 rows of 10: Range: 30 km, Egyptian modified version of the BM-21: (130 launcher units)[70]
  • Sakr-36: 122 mm self-propelled battlefield rocket system of 40 tubes arranged in 4 rows of 10: Range: 36 km, enhanced range Egyptian modified version of the BM-21(50 launcher units)[70]
  • M-51 130 mm self-propelled non-guided rocket system of 16 tubes arranged in 4 rows of 8: Range 8.2 km (36 launcher units)[89]
  • RPU-14 140 mm towed non-guided rocket system of 16 tubes arranged in 4 rows of 4: Range 9.8 km: (72 launcher units)
  • Sakr-45: 227 mm self-propelled battlefield rocket system, Range: 45 km, Egyptian licensed built version of the M270 rocket combined with the traditional Sakr-36 6X6 launching truck system of 12 tubes arranged in 2 rows of 6 (20 launcher units)
  • M270: 227 mm self-propelled battlefield rocket system of 12 tubes arranged in 2 rows of 6: (48 launcher units)
    • Range with M26 rocket ammunition: 32 km
    • Range with M26A1/A2 ammunition: 45 km
    • Range with M30 ammunition: 45 km
  • BM-24: 240 mm self-propelled battlefield rocket system of 12 tubes arranged in 2 rows of 6: Range 11 km (48 launcher units)[90][91]

Air defense

Self-propelled

  • SA-9 forward area mobile short range quadruple short range SP SAM (20)
  • M1097 Avenger - forward area mobile short range air defense system w/Stinger SP SAM (50)+ (50 on order)
  • M163 A2 - self-propelled sextuple 20 mm chain gun system on M113 carrier (108)
  • Nile 23 Upgraded version of the ZU-23-2 twin 23 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft guns radar guided (148) with Sakr Eye SAM 2X2 on M113)
  • Sinai 23 Upgraded version of the ZU-23-2 twin 23 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft guns radar guided with Stinger SAM (3X2) (72) on M113)
  • ZSU-23-4 self-propelled quadruple 23 mm anti-aircraft gun system (218) with upgraded radar guidance
  • BTR-152 Egyptian AA variant - self-propelled quad 12.7 mm AA gun system (125)(in reserve)
  • M53/59 Praga - self-propelled twin 30 mm AA radar guided gun system (100)(in reserve)
  • Upgraded ZSU-57-2 self-propelled twin 57 mm anti-aircraft gun system with radar guidance (40)

Towed

  • ZPU-2 twin 14.5 mm stationary or towed AA gun system (250)
  • ZPU-4 quadruple 14.5 mm stationary or towed AA gun system (200)
  • M167 A3- towed sextuple 20 mm chain gun system (72)
  • ZU-23-2 upgraded twin 23 mm stationary or towed radar guided AA gun system (Manufactered locally)[92] (650)
  • Amoun stationary/towed 35 mm twin radar guided AA guns (72)
  • M1939 37 mm anti-aircraft guns with upgraded radar guidance (700)
  • S-60 57 mm anti-aircraft guns with upgraded radar guidance (600)
  • M1939 85 mm anti-aircraft guns with upgraded radar guidance (400)
  • KS-19 100 mm anti-aircraft guns with upgraded radar guidance (200)
  • KS-30 130 mm anti-aircraft guns with upgraded radar guidance (120)

Gallery

References

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