Mongolian calendar


Mongolian calendar

The Mongol calendar (Mongolian: цаглабар, Tsaglabar or цаг тооны бичиг, Tsag toony bichig or лит, Lit) is a lunisolar calendar based on Tegus Buyantu zurkhai[1] system developed in 1747 by monk Ishbaljir (Сүмбэ хамбо Ишбалжир, Sümbe khambo Ishbaljir; 1704–1788). The Mongol year is composed of either 12 or 13 lunar months, each beginning and ending with a new moon. A thirteenth month is added every two or three years, so that an average year is equal to the solar year.

The Mongol new year celebration is Tsagaan sar which is celebrated two months after the first new moon following the winter solstice.

The European system of chronology is called Argyn Toolol (chronology of method) and the Mongol system of chronology is called Bilgiin Toolol (chronology of wisdom).

Footnotes

  1. ^ Zurkhai (from the verb zur - draw) is a system of knowledges embracing Mathematics, Astronomy and Astrology



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