National Institute for Basic Biology, Japan


National Institute for Basic Biology, Japan
National Institute for Basic Biology
National Institute for Basic Biology (Japan) logo.gif
Established 1977
Director-General Kiyotaka OKADA, D. Sci.
Staff 305
Budget 3,062 million yen in total
Location Okazaki City, Aichi Prefecture, Japan
Address 38 Nishigonaka, Myodaiji, Okazaki, Aichi 444-8585 Japan
Website http://www.nibb.ac.jp/en
NIBB Myodaiji campus

The National Institute for Basic Biology (基礎生物学研究所 kisoseibutsugaku kenkyuujyo?) (NIBB) is a research institute and post graduate university in Okazaki City, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. NIBB was founded in 1977 to promote biological research in Japan in cooperation with public and private universities, and research institutes.[1][2]

Contents

Research

Though NIBB's primary focus is basic biology, research at NIBB covers a wide variety of biological fields, such as cell biology, developmental biology, neurobiology, evolutionary biology, environmental biology, and theoretical biology, and is conducted to elucidate general and fundamental mechanisms underlying various biological phenomena. The results of the research conducted at NIBB are regularly published in peer reviewed publications such as Science, Nature, and the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.[3][4][5]

Education

In addition to being a research institute, NIBB also functions as an institution of higher education.

Graduate University for Advanced Studies

NIBB constitutes the Department of Basic Biology in the School of Life Science of the Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI). The Department offers a five-year Doctoral program for university graduates and a three-year senior Doctoral course for students who have already completed a Master's course.

Graduate Student Training Program

Graduate students enrolled in other universities and institutions are eligible to conduct research for fixed periods of time under the supervision of NIBB professors.

International Cooperation

NIBB acts as a gateway between the international scientific community and researchers in Japan through various conferences, seminars, and hands-on practical courses.[6][7]

International Conferences

NIBB Conference

NIBB has hosted the NIBB Conference every year since the opening of the Institute in 1977. The purpose of the conference is to provide active researchers with the opportunity to freely discuss current issues in various areas of biological research.

Okazaki Biology Conference

The Okazaki Biology Conference (OBC) initiated in 2003, has as its objective the establishment of interdisciplinary networks in the pursuit of answers to major questions in biology.

Academic Exchange

NIBB performs academic exchange programs with the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) and the National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS) in an effort to promote intellectual, educational and technological exchange in the fields of biology and molecular biology.[8] Academic cooperation between NIBB, NINS, and EMBL includes:

  1. Promotion of joint research activities
  2. Invitation of faculty members and researchers to lectures, workshops, conferences, symposia, and other academic activities
  3. Exchange of graduate students for conferences and training courses
  4. Exchange of information and academic publications

NIBB has also joined hands with the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding (MPIZ) in an initiative aimed at stimulating academic and scholarly exchange. NIBB and MPIZ will plan and promote joint research projects, collaborative symposia, training courses and student exchange programs.[9]

National BioResource Project

Medaka provided by NIBB

The National BioResource Project (NBRP) is a national project for the systematic accumulation, storage, and supply of recognized bioresources (experimental animals and plants, cells, DNA, and other genetic resources) which are widely used as tools in life science research. To promote this project, NIBB has been appointed as a research and supply center for medaka (Oryzia latipes), a small, egg-laying freshwater teleost fish found in brooks and rice paddies, whose usefulness as a vertebrate model first developed in Japan. The use of medaka as a research organism in biology has drawn increasing attention since its full genome sequence recently became available. The medaka supplied by NIBB include standard strains, wild stocks, inbred strains, related species and spontaneous and induced mutants. NIBB is also a subcenter for NBPR’s work with Japanese morning glory and zebrafish.[10]

In addition, NIBB provides databases in English containing research data on the moss physcomitrella patens, daphnia, xenopus laevis, plant cell organelles, and bacterial genomes to reaserchers worldwide.

Organization

The Director-General oversees the operation of NIBB, assisted by the Advisory Committee for Programming and Management. The Advisory Committee, composed of professors within NIBB and an equal number of leading biologists outside NIBB, advises the Director-General on important matters such as planning joint research programs as well as on the scientific activities of NIBB. The Advisory Committee makes recommendations on the appointments of new Directors-General, faculty appointments, NIBB's annual budget and future prospects. The Office of Public Relations and International Cooperation is the central office for public relations and the management of conferences and other extramural activities. The department also assists the Director-General with NIBB's evaluation procedures and in planning long-range strategies for the institute. Administration of NIBB is undertaken by the Okazaki Administration Office under the direct auspices of the Administration Office of NINS.

NINS

In 2004, NIBB, in alliance with four other national institutes - the National Astronomical Observatory, the National Institute for Fusion Science, the National Institute for Physiological Sciences, and the Institute for Molecular Science - established the National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS) to promote collaboration among researchers of the five constituent institutes.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ [1] Basic information and timeline of NIBB
  2. ^ [2] Outline of NIBB
  3. ^ [3] Abstract of NIBB research in PNAS
  4. ^ [4] Abstract of NIBB research in Nature
  5. ^ [5] Abstract of NIBB research in Science
  6. ^ [6] Short description of an NIBB conference
  7. ^ [7] Description of award ceremony and talk given at NIBB by James Watson
  8. ^ [8] PDF explaining relationship between EMBL, NIBB, and NINS
  9. ^ [9] NIBB and Max Planck Institute Joint symposium website
  10. ^ [10] NBRP page on NIBB's medaka program
  11. ^ [11] NINS outline

External links

Coordinates: 34°56′59″N 137°09′55″E / 34.94972°N 137.16528°E / 34.94972; 137.16528


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