North American XA2J Super Savage


North American XA2J Super Savage
XA2J "Super Savage"
Black and white two-view image of propeller-driven aircraft with wings folded.
The XA2J-1 with folded wings
Role Attack aircraft
Manufacturer North American Aviation
First flight 4 January 1952
Status Cancelled
Produced 1
Developed from AJ Savage

The North American Aviation XA2J "Super Savage" was a prototype carrier-based attack aircraft built in the early 1950s. It was developed by North American Aviation (NAA) from the smaller AJ Savage.

Contents

Development

The XA2J was intended to replace the AJ Savage which was deficient in performance and was a less than satisfactory carrier plane.[1] It was essentially an "enlarged" AJ Savage with the two reciprocating engines replaced with two Allison T40 turboprop engines and removal of the tail-mounted turbojet. Construction of two prototypes started 1 October 1948, but due to delays developing the engines, the first flight was not until 4 January 1952.[2] The competing XA3D, the prototypes of which were ordered the year after construction had begun on the XA2J prototypes, first flew in October 1952. The A3D had far superior performance, and that doomed the XA2J.

The root cause for the failure of the XA2J was the protracted development and poor reliability of the Allison T40 engines. The T40 engine was an advanced engine design of joining two T38 turboprop engines to drive two large contra-rotating propellers through a combining gearbox, proved to be very unreliable. The T40 engine was also used in the developmental A2D Skyshark, and the XF-84H Thunderscreech. After a number of engine related mishaps the XA2J project was abandoned.

Design

The XA2J was a shoulder-mounted straight wing aircraft derived from the AJ Savage.

Operators

 United States

Specifications (XA2J-1)

General characteristics

  • Length: 70 ft 3 in (21.42 m)
  • Wingspan: 71 ft 6 in (21.80 m)
  • Height: 24 ft 2 in (7.37 m)
  • Wing area: 836 ft² (77.7 m²)
  • Empty weight: 35,350 lb (16,035 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 46,890 lb (21,269 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 61,200 lb (27,760 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Allison T40-A-6 turboprops, 5,035 eshp (3,756 kW) each

Performance

Armament

  • 10,500 lb (4,763 kg) of disposable stores
  • 2x 20 mm cannons in tail (never fitted)

See also

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Related development

References

Notes
  1. ^ Miller 2001, pp. 90–9
  2. ^ Wagner 1982, pp. 389–490
Bibliography
  • Wagner, Ray. American Combat Planes (3rd edition). Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, 1982. ISBN 0-385-13120-8. 
  • Miller, Jerry. Nuclear Weapons and Aircraft Carriers. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian institution Press, 2001. ISBN 1-56098-944-0. 

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • North American A-2 — North American AJ/A 2 Savage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • North American AJ — North American AJ/A 2 Savage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • A2J Super Savage — infobox Aircraft name = A2J Super Savage type = Attack aircraft manufacturer =North American Aviation caption = designer = first flight = 4 January 1952 introduced = retired = status =Cancelled primary user = more users = produced =1 number built …   Wikipedia

  • Douglas A2D — Skyshark …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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