- North Star (Amtrak)
North Star Overview Type Inter-city rail System Amtrak Status Closed Locale Midwestern United States Termini Chicago, Illinois (1978–1981)
Saint Paul, Minnesota (1981–1985)
Duluth, Minnesota (1978–1985)
Operation Opened 1978 Closed 1986 Technical Line length 573 mi (922 km) (1978–1981)
153 mi (246 km) (1981–1985)
Route mapLegend 0.0 Chicago 17 mi (27 km) Glenview 62 mi (100 km) Sturtevant Illinois/Wisconsin border 85 mi (137 km) Milwaukee 150 mi (240 km) Columbus 178 mi (286 km) Portage 195 mi (314 km) Wisconsin Dells 240 mi (390 km) Tomah 281 mi (452 km) La Crosse Wisconsin/Minnesota border 306 mi (492 km) Winona 371 mi (597 km) Red Wing 418 mi (673 km) St. Paul-Minneapolis 464 mi (747 km) Cambridge 509 mi (819 km) Sandstone Minnesota/Wisconsin border 568 mi (914 km) Superior Wisconsin/Minnesota border 573 mi (922 km) Duluth
The North Star was a passenger train operated by Amtrak along the "Hiawatha Corridor" during the late 1970s and early- to mid-1980s. It originally operated as a Chicago, Illinois–Duluth, Minnesota train via Saint Paul, Minnesota, but was soon converted to a Saint Paul–Duluth local. The service relied in part on funding from the state of Minnesota.
The North Star was introduced in the spring of 1978, when Amtrak moved Twin Cities operations from the Great Northern Depot in Minneapolis to Midway station in Saint Paul and combined the previous Chicago–Minneapolis Twin Cities Hiawatha and the Minneapolis–Duluth Arrowhead services into one train. Where the Arrowhead was a 148-mile (238 km) local, the North Star was a 573-mile (922 km) sleeper originating in Chicago, Illinois, departing there at 10:30 PM in the initial schedule. It took 8 hours 45 minutes to reach Saint Paul, where there was a 35-minute layover. It then took another 3:45 to reach Duluth for an overall schedule of just over 13 hours from Chicago.
Three other trains shared parts of the North Star route: the quad-weekly Empire Builder (Chicago–Portland, Oregon/Seattle, Washington via the Milwaukee Road), the thrice-weekly North Coast Hiawatha (Chicago–Portland, Oregon/Seattle, Washington via the Northern Pacific), and the daily Turboliner (Chicago–Milwaukee). The Empire Builder became a daily train again in 1979 when the North Coast Hiawatha was eliminated.
There were perennial budget battles involving the North Star. In October 1981 cost-cutting measures forced the service to be converted to a Twin Cities–Duluth local, which left the daily Empire Builder as the only Chicago–Twin Cities connection. However, no effort was made to link the schedules of the two trains. At this time, the schedule was 3 hours 35 minutes from Saint Paul to Duluth. It briefly stopped service in September 1982 when Amtrak requested $27,000 in funding to keep it operating as a weekend and peak period train. Duluth businessman Jeno Paulucci offered a $25,000 donation, with the rest intended to be covered from some other source. U.S. Senator David Durenberger (R-MN) also requested that Amtrak run a financial audit, which uncovered an extra $100,000 in available funds.
By the end of service in 1985, the North Star was no longer planned to serve Superior, Wisconsin and was only making intermediate stops in Cambridge and Sandstone. State funding for the train was set to run out in March 1985, and the train had been discontinued by the April 28 timetable change.
- North Shore Scenic Railroad
- Northern Lights Express, a proposed restoration of passenger rail service between the Twin Cities and Duluth
- ^ "National Train Timetables, Effective January 8, 1978". The Museum of Railway Timetables. Amtrak. 1978. http://www.timetables.org/browse/?group=19780108&st=0001. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
- ^ "National Train Timetables, Effective April 30, 1978". The Museum of Railway Timetables. Amtrak. 1978. http://www.timetables.org/browse/?group=19780430&st=0001. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
- ^ Goldberg (1981), 31.
- ^ "October 25, 1981". Amtrak Chicago-Milwaukee Corridor Timetable Timeline. http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~sponholz/tt10251981.JPG. Retrieved 2009-02-04.
- ^ "National Train Timetables, Effective October 25, 1981". The Museum of Railway Timetables. Amtrak. 1981. http://www.timetables.org/browse/?group=19811025&st=0001. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
- ^ "Duluth North Star Amtrak's last run (9-6-1982 & 9-8-1982)". WTCN-TV and KSTP-TV. September 1982. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DL5NaF7hg6U. Retrieved September 25, 2010.
- ^ "National Train Timetables, Effective April 28, 1985 through October 26, 1985". The Museum of Railway Timetables. Amtrak. 1985. http://www.timetables.org/browse/?group=19850428&st=0001. Retrieved September 24, 2010.
- ^ "Amtrak schedule changes, dated February 17, 1985". The Museum of Railway Timetables. Archived from the original on March 12, 2011. http://www.webcitation.org/5x8d7KUW6. Retrieved March 12, 2011.
- ^ "Amtrak timetable, dated April 28, 1985". The Museum of Railway Timetables. Archived from the original on March 12, 2011. http://www.webcitation.org/5x8dDarYr. Retrieved March 12, 2011.
- Goldberg, Bruce (1981). Amtrak: The First Decade. Silver Spring, MD: Alan Books.
- Solomon, Brian (2004). Amtrak. MBI Publishing Company. ISBN 0760317658. http://books.google.com/books?id=313LC1TljQMC.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
North Star (disambiguation) — Contents 1 Places 2 Newspapers 3 Transportation 4 Enterta … Wikipedia
Silver Star (Amtrak) — Infobox Amtrak image size = 300 image caption = Southbound Silver Star in downtown Orlando, Florida name = Silver Star map filename = Silverstarmap.png Map caption = Silver Star route map map size = 300px numbers = 91 92 route = New York, NY to… … Wikipedia
North Coast Hiawatha — An EMD F3 leads the North Coast Hiawatha into Yakima, Washington in August, 1971. Overview Service … Wikipedia
Amtrak — For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). Amtrak Map of the Amtrak system (2007) Reporting mark … Wikipedia
Amtrak Cascades — Overview … Wikipedia
North Jersey Coast Line — North Jersey Coast Line … Wikipedia
North River (Hudson River) — North River in red, if defined as portion between New Jersey and Manhattan … Wikipedia
North Charleston, South Carolina — North Charleston City City of North Charleston The new City Hall for the … Wikipedia
Amtrak Express — Not to be confused with the unrelated former British parcel company; Amtrak Express Parcels Amtrak Express is Amtrak s freight and shipping service. It handles small package express service, heavy freight shipments and city to city freight… … Wikipedia
North Dakota — This article is about the U.S. state of North Dakota. For other uses, see North Dakota (disambiguation). State of North Dakota … Wikipedia