British Cameroons


British Cameroons
British Cameroons
Mandate of the United Kingdom

1922-1961
 

Flag

Anthem
God Save The Queen
Capital Buea
Language(s) English
Religion Christianity (Southern), Islam (Northern)
Political structure League of Nations Mandate
Historical era World War I
 - Kamerun partitioned July 20, 1920
 - Integration into Nigeria and Cameroon October 1, 1961
Cameroon over time
  German Kamerun
  British Cameroons
  French Cameroun
  Republic of Cameroon

British Cameroons was a British Mandate territory in West Africa, now divided between Nigeria and Cameroon.

The area of present-day Cameroon was claimed by Germany as a protectorate during the "Scramble for Africa" at the end of the 19th century. During World War I, it was occupied by British, French and Belgian troops, and later mandated to Great Britain and France by the League of Nations in 1922. The French mandate was known as Cameroun and the British territory was administered as two areas, Northern Cameroons and Southern Cameroons. Northern Cameroons consisted of two non-contiguous sections, divided by where the Nigerian and Cameroun borders met.

French Cameroun became independent in January 1960, and Nigeria was scheduled for independence later that same year, which raised question of what to do with the British territory. After some discussion (which had been going on since 1959), a plebiscite was agreed to, and held on 11 February 1961. The Muslim-majority Northern area opted for union with Nigeria, and the Southern area voted to join Cameroon.[1]

Northern Cameroons became a region of Nigeria on 31 May 1961, while Southern Cameroons became part of Cameroon on 1 October. In the meantime, the area was administered as a United Kingdom Trust Territory (UKTT).

Postage stamps

References

  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p177 ISBN 0198296452

External links


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