Wobé language


Wobé language
Wobé
Spoken in Ivory Coast
Native speakers 156,000  (1993)
Language family
Niger–Congo
  • Atlantic–Congo
    • Kru
      • Western Kru
        • Wee
          • Wobé
Language codes
ISO 639-3 wob

Wobé (Ouobe) is a Kru language spoken in Ivory Coast. It is one of several languages in a dialect continuum called Wèè (Wɛɛ).

Tone

Wobé is known for claims that it has the largest number of tones (fourteen) of any language in the world (Bearth & Link). However, this has not been confirmed by other researchers, many of whom believe that some of these will turn out to be sequences of tones or prosodic effects (Singler 1984, Newman 1986), though the Wèè languages in general do have extraordinarily large tone systems.

The 14 tones posited by Bearth & Link (1980) are:

IPA ˥ ˦ ˧ ˨ ˧˥ ˧˦ ˨˥ ˨˦ ˨˧ ˥˩ ˦˩ ˧˩ ˨˩ ˨˧˩
B&L tone numbers 1 2 3 4 31 32 41 42 43 15 25 35 45 435
Newman adjustment 0 1 2 3 20 21 30 31 32 04 14 24 34 324
Asian convention 5 4 3 2 35 34 25 24 23 51 41 31 21 231

References

  • Bearth & Link, 1980. "The Tone Puzzle of Wobe". Studies in African Linguistics, 11:2:147–207.
  • Paul Newman, 1986. "Contour Tones in Grebo". In Stewart et al. eds. The Phonological representation of suprasegmentals. Notes 12, 14 (pp 190–191).
    [Newman believes Singler is a valuable counterweight to Bearth & Link, but does not accept all his criticism; he accept the Wobe 43 toneme, for example, though believes it should be analyzed as /32/ (all tones being off by 1 compared to related dialects).]
  • John Singler, 1984. "On the underlying representation of contour tones in Wobe. Studies in African Linguistics, 15:1:59–75.



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guere language — Guéré Wè Spoken in Ivory Coast Region Dix Huit Montagnes, Moyen Cavally Native speakers 317,000  (1998–1999) Lan …   Wikipedia

  • Tone (linguistics) — Not to be confused with intonation (linguistics). Top tone ◌̋ ˥ …   Wikipedia

  • Niger–Congo languages — Niger–Congo Niger–Kordofanian (obsolete) Geographic distribution: Sub Saharan Africa Linguistic classification: one of the world s primary language families Subdivisions: Dogon …   Wikipedia

  • Phoneme — This article is about the speech unit. For the JavaME library, see phoneME. In a language or dialect, a phoneme (from the Greek: φώνημα, phōnēma, a sound uttered ) is the smallest segmental unit of sound employed to form meaningful contrasts… …   Wikipedia

  • Kru-Sprachen — Die Kru Sprachen sind eine Untergruppe des Nord Volta Kongo Zweigs der Niger Kongo Sprachen. Die rund 30 Kru Sprachen werden in der Elfenbeinküste und in Süd Liberia von etwa 2,5 Mio. Menschen gesprochen. Der Name Kru ist offensichtlich eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Krusprachen — Die Kru Sprachen sind eine Untergruppe des Nord Volta Kongo Zweigs der Niger Kongo Sprachen. Die rund 30 Kru Sprachen werden in der Elfenbeinküste und in Süd Liberia von etwa 2,5 Mio. Menschen gesprochen. Der Name Kru ist offensichtlich eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abidjan — District d Abidjan   City   …   Wikipedia

  • art, African — ▪ visual arts Introduction       the visual arts of native Africa, particularly sub Saharan Africa, including such media as sculpture, painting, pottery, rock art, textiles, masks, personal decoration, and jewelry.       For more general… …   Universalium

  • Kru languages — Infobox Language family name=Kru region=Côte d Ivoire, Liberia, Burkina Faso familycolor=Niger Congo fam2=Atlantic Congo child1=Aizi child2=Eastern Kru child3=Kuwaa child4=Siamou child5=Western Kru iso2=kroThe Kru languages belong to the Niger… …   Wikipedia

  • Cote d'Ivoire — République de Côte d’Ivoire …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.