Nottingham Blitz


Nottingham Blitz

The Nottingham Blitz was an attack by the German Luftwaffe on Nottingham during the night of 8-9 May 1941.[1]

Contents

Defence preparations

Nottingham was the first city in Britain to develop an ARP (Air Raid Precautions) network. It was developed because of the foresight of Nottingham City Police Chief Constable Captain Athelstan Popkess. The city was divided into zones, controlled by report and control centres with 45 auxiliary fire service stations.

By the time of the raid, Nottingham had built a significant number of public shelters. The John Player & Sons tobacco company had built a network of tunnels at its factory and under local streets sufficient to house around 5,000 of its workers.

The raid on the night of 8-9 May by the German Luftwaffe was targeted at Nottingham and Derby. The X-Gerät beams set up to cover the Rolls Royce works were detected, and radio counter-measures diverted the attack to the moors north east of the town.

A Starfish decoy fire system located near Cropwell Butler in the Vale of Belvoir confused the aircraft, and many of the bombs intended for Nottingham were dropped on open farmland in the vale.[2]

The Raid

There were over 100 bombers in the Nottingham raid.[3] Emergency services tackled 97 fires on the night of the Nottingham Blitz on May 8 and 9, 1941. Records list 12 fires as serious, 40 as major and 42 as medium. In some cases, fires started by incendiary bombs were put out before they took hold.

Firefighters successfully tackled a fire in the south transept at St Mary's Church after an incendiary bomb burned through the roof. A turntable ladder was positioned on High Pavement to enable them to direct a hose on to the roof. The vicar of St. Mary's, Neville Stuart Talbot noted:

We had a visitation - nothing compared with some places, but still a very real taste. Began about twelve. We had gone to bed, and tried to believe that the explosions were our guns, but soon one and then another were unmistakable - one was not far off down Friar's Lane. Peering out of the top window, I soon realised that big fires had been started, so, there being a lull, I went down. I found a fire going in the South Transept of the Church. It took a long time really to put it out.[4]

There were fierce fires at Trivett's Building near St. Mary's Church, in Short Hill and three of the Boots' factories in Poplar Street, Island Street and Station Street.

Buildings destroyed

  • St. John the Baptist's Church, Leenside, Nottingham, remains demolished and site cleared after the war.
  • St. Christopher's Church, Sneinton, rebuilt by 1952
  • Stadium Hotel, Parliament Street[5]

Buildings damaged

Casualties

Casualties were heavy. There were 159 people recorded as killed with 274 injured. At the Coop bakery on Meadow Lane, 49 employees and members of the Home Guard were killed, and 20 others injured. At University College, 45 people were killed.

References

  1. ^ Nottingham through 500 years. Duncan Gray. 1949
  2. ^ Blitz on Britain: the bomber attacks on the United Kingdom, 1939-1945 Alfred Price 1977
  3. ^ Sons of Soldiers, Tomlin Simon
  4. ^ Neville Stuart Talbot A Memoir 1879-1943. F.H. Brabant. SCM Press, 1949
  5. ^ Nottingham Trolleybuses. David Bowler. 2006. ISBN:0904235203

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