- Nuclear energy in Poland
In the 1980s, Poland had four Russian reactors under construction, but the project was canceled in 1990. A new nuclear power plant was approved in the 2005–2025 energy strategy document, and it is expected to be in operation by 2021 or 2022. The Polish company PSE participates in the development of the Visaginas Nuclear Power Plant in Lithuania.
Around 95% of the nation's electricity is currently produced by burning coal (of which Poland has the EU's largest reserves) but with the need to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, in 2006 the nuclear option was reviewed. A 2006 feasibility study suggested it optimal to build a 11.5 GWe capacity nuclear power plant. However, this proving unaffordable in the immediate future, Poland decided to build a 4.5 GWe nuclear power plant by 2030. In 2007, a draft energy policy proposed a 10 GWe nuclear capacity by 2030 to provide 10% of electricity. The deadline gives an estimated ten years for investment and construction and five years of public campaigning.
In July 2006, Poland joined Lithuania, Estonia, and Latvia to build a new nuclear power plant in Lithuania to replace the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant being shut down due to pressure from the EU. Poland would invest 22% with these other countries into the project, which will be operational by 2015. The total costs of the project amounts to EUR 6 billion. Poland is guaranteed to have 1,200 MWe from the power plant and is in the process of upgrading transmission capacity between Lithuania and Poland.
In a public opinion poll, 60% of the population supported construction of a nuclear power plant in Poland to reduce its dependence on foreign sources of energy. Additionally, 48% supported construction of a nuclear power plant in their neighborhood, citing local benefits that include lower energy costs.
- ^ a b c d e f "Emerging Nuclear Energy Countries". World Nuclear Association. April 2009. http://world-nuclear.org/info/inf102.html. Retrieved 2009-04-22.
- ^ Latek, Stanislaw (April 2005). Nuclear news from Poland. http://www.euronuclear.org/e-news/e-news-8/newsfrompoland.htm. Retrieved 2007-07-14.
- ^ Stanislaw Latek (Spring 2005). "National Atomic Energy Agency: Nuclear News from Poland". Euronuclear. http://www.euronuclear.org/e-news/e-news-8/newsfrompoland.htm.
Nuclear energy in Europe Sovereign
Albania · Andorra · Armenia · Austria · Azerbaijan · Belarus · Belgium · Bosnia and Herzegovina · Bulgaria · Croatia · Cyprus · Czech Republic · Denmark · Estonia · Finland · France · Georgia · Germany · Greece · Hungary · Iceland · Ireland · Italy · Kazakhstan · Latvia · Liechtenstein · Lithuania · Luxembourg · Macedonia · Malta · Moldova · Monaco · Montenegro · Netherlands · Norway · Poland · Portugal · Romania · Russia · San Marino · Serbia · Slovakia · Slovenia · Spain · Sweden · Switzerland · Turkey · Ukraine · United Kingdom (England • Northern Ireland • Scotland • Wales)
States with limited
Abkhazia · Kosovo · Nagorno-Karabakh · Northern Cyprus · South Ossetia · Transnistria
and other territories
Åland · Faroe Islands · Gibraltar · Guernsey · Jan Mayen · Jersey · Isle of Man · Svalbard
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Nuclear energy in Portugal — is very limited and strictly non commercial. Portugal has one research reactor located in the National Nuclear Research Centre. Nuclear energy activities are not planned in the near future. Other nuclear activities include medical applications… … Wikipedia
Nuclear energy in Belgium — Nuclear power plants in and near Belgium … Wikipedia
Nuclear energy in the European Union — Infobox Geopolitical organisation native name = European Union Countries with Nuclear Energy The nuclear energy in the European Union accounts approximately 15% of total energy consumption. The energy policies of the European Union (EU) member… … Wikipedia
Nuclear energy policy by country — Contents 1 List 2 Africa 2.1 Algeria 2.2 Egypt … Wikipedia
Nuclear energy policy — Main article: Nuclear power Nuclear energy policy is a national and international policy concerning some or all aspects of nuclear energy, such as mining for nuclear fuel, extraction and processing of nuclear fuel from the ore, generating… … Wikipedia
Nuclear Energy Agency — Map of members The Nuclear Energy Agency is an intergovernmental multinational agency that is organized under the Organisation for Economic Co operation and Development. Originally formed on 1 February 1958 with the name European Nuclear Energy… … Wikipedia
Nuclear energy in Jordan — Jordan has signed memorandums of understanding with the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, France, Japan, China, Russia, Spain, South Korea, Argentina, Romania, and Turkey. In December 2009, Jordan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC) in… … Wikipedia
Nuclear energy in the Republic of Ireland — Ireland presently has no nuclear power plants. However, a nuclear power plant was proposed in 1968, and resulted in the creation of the Nuclear Energy Board. It was to be built during the 1970s at Carnsore Point in County Wexford by the… … Wikipedia
Nuclear energy in Austria — The site of Zwentendorf Nuclear Power Plant in 2009 In the 1960s the Austrian government started a nuclear energy program and parliament unanimously ordered a nuclear power plant built. In 1972, the German company KWU began construction of the… … Wikipedia
Nuclear energy in Denmark — Denmark does not produce nuclear energy, which is in accordance with a 1985 law passed by the Danish parliament that prohibits the production of nuclear energy in Denmark. Instead, the country has focused on renewable energy sources such … Wikipedia