- Nurdin Halid
Nurdin Halid (born November 17, 1958 in Watampone, South Sulawesi) is an Indonesian businessman and politician. He was the Chairman of the Football Association of Indonesia (PSSI) from 2004 to 2011. Nurdin is infamous for being involved in many criminal cases and jailed numerous times.
Career and criminal cases
Nurdin is known to be involved in various criminal cases, mostly corruption and public duping about FIFA statutes.
Clove monopoly and fund corruption
Nurdin Halid was the chairman of Hasanuddin Village Cooperative Center (Puskud) in Ujung Pandang, from 1992 to 1998. During Nurdin's leadership, Hasanuddin Puskud earned the reputation as the Best Puskud in Indonesia. The rapid development of Hasanuddin Puskud was due to clove trades. Nurdin's family (his mother, brothers and brother-in-laws) were alleged to dominate at least 90 percent of clove purchases in Bone, Ujung Pandang. Another 10 percent was for Village Cooperative Units (KUD) to buy. According to the 1992 Ministry of Trade Act, only KUDs are entitled to buy cloves from farmers. In the case of purchasing clove, they were accused of cutting prices. In 1992, the price of cloves which were supposed to cost 7900 rupiahs per kilogram, were just bought for 2200 to 3000 rupiahs.
In December 1995, a total of 20 farmers, representing 300 clove farmers in Bone, demonstrated about the frauds, embezzlements and economic crimes that had been practiced by the Halid family in Bone.
Later,[when?] Halid family's monopoly in the purchase of cloves in Bone ended. Three years later, Nurdin Halid was charged with corrupting South Sulawesian clove farmers saving funds[disambiguation needed ] (SWKP) totalling 115,7 billion rupiahs. However, Ujung Pandang District Court acquitted Nurdin from corruption charge in 1999. In the injunction the council of judges ordered beside the release of Nurdin, also the release of confiscated evidence, like Nurdin's luxurious home and a deposit of 8 billion rupiahs in the name of Hasanuddin Puskud after reading of the acquittal. According to the Judge, the four charges concerned irregularities in the clove buy-up, irregularities in the release of clove farmer funds, irregularities in work capital and irregularities of funding. The judge concluded however, that the case only involved one charge entailing four subjects. The judge was of the opinion that cloves from farmers had been bought up by village cooperatives and sold further to the Puskud under various pretenses. As to payment, everything has been settled, including all funds of the clove farmers and village cooperatives. The acquittance of Nurdin was followed by stone throwings to the court house by university students and various protests and demonstrations around Ujung Pandang.
Illegal sugar import case
On July 16, 2004, Nurdin Halid, who the day before had been appointed as the Chairman of National Federation of Rural Cooperatives (Dekopin) for 2004–2009, was arrested and detained by the police after he was named as a suspect in the case of illegally importing 73.520 tons of sugar.
Cooking oil distribution fund corruption
On November 2, 2004, Nurdin was investigated by the Indonesian National Police for his involvement in the cooking oil distribution fund corruption case which cost the state 169 billion rupiahs. He was acquitted by the South Jakarta District Court on June 16, 2005, thus making him free of 20-year imprisonment demand from the prosecutors.
Vietnam rice import customs violation
On August 9, 2005, Nurdin Halid, who at the time was the Chairman of Village Cooperative Unit Center (Inkud), was sentenced to 2 years and 6 months by the North Jakarta District Court, after he was pronounced guilty of violating customs on imports of rice from Vietnam. On August 17, 2006, Nurdin was released after receiving an Indonesian Independence Day remission.
In March 2011, FIFA banned chairman Nurdin Halid from running as the third term candidate in PSSI. "FIFA upholds the statutes that states a convict cannot lead a football organization".
FIFA's emergency committee met on April 1, 2011 and announced on April 4, 2011 that control of the PSSI would pass to a normalisation committee made up of personalities in Indonesian football to oversee presidential elections by May 21, 2011. It also barred Halid from standing, along with three other candidates, George Toisutta, Arifin Panigoro and Nirwan Bakrie. 
- ^ RK and Sukriansyah (March 2, 1999). "Bone Kid's Clove Party" (in Indonesian). Forum. http://www.hamline.edu/apakabar/basisdata/1999/03/29/0154.html. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
- ^ "Nurdin Halid Acquitted, One Student Shot". Kompas. March 23, 1999. http://www.hamline.edu/apakabar/basisdata/1999/03/22/0055.html. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
- ^ "Nurdin Halid – Again a Suspect" (in Indonesian). Ensikonesia. July 17, 2004. http://www.tokoh-indonesia.com/ensiklopedi/n/nurdin-halid/index.shtml. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
- ^ Martha Warta (November 2, 2004). "Nurdin Halid Investigated for Cooking Oil Corruption" (in Indonesian). Tempo. http://www.tempointeraktif.com/hg/nasional/2004/11/02/brk,20041102-25,id.html. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
- ^ Melly Febrida (June 16, 2005). "Nurdin Halid: Thank God There Is Still Justice" (in Indonesian). detik.com. http://www.detiknews.com/index.php/detik.read/tahun/2005/bulan/06/tgl/16/time/150636/idnews/382684/idkanal/10. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
- ^ Nurul Hidayati (September 14, 2007). "Nurdin Halid, from Prison to Prison" (in Indonesian). detik.com. http://www.detiknews.com/index.php/detik.read/tahun/2007/bulan/09/tgl/14/time/131709/idnews/830107/idkanal/10. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
- ^ Yuliawati (August 9, 2005). "Nurdin Halid Sentenced to 2 Years and 6 Months on Rice Import Case" (in Indonesian). Tempo. http://www.tempointeraktif.com/hg/nasional/2005/08/09/brk,20050809-65067,id.html. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
- ^ http://english.kompas.com/read/2011/03/10/04245549/FIFA.Bans.Nurdin.from.Indonesian.Elections
- ^ FIFA Swing Axe on Disgraced Indonesian Football Chief
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