Tanbark


Tanbark
Workers peeling hemlock bark for the tannery in Prattsville, New York, United States.

Tanbark is the bark of certain species of tree. It is traditionally used for tanning hides[1].

The words "tanning", "tan," and "tawny" are derived from the Medieval Latin tannare, "to convert into leather."

Bark mills are horse- or oxen-driven or water powered edge mills[2] and were used in earlier times to shred the tanbark to derive tannins for the leather industry.

A 'barker' was a person who stripped bark from trees to supply bark mills.

Contents

Tanbark around the world

In some areas of the United States, such as central Pennsylvania and northern California, tanbark is often called "mulch," even by manufacturers and distributors. In these areas, the word "mulch" may refer to peat moss or to very fine tanbark. In California, Lithocarpus densiflorus (commonly known as the tanoak or tanbark-oak) was used. In New York, on the slopes of Mount Tremper, hemlock bark was a major source of tanbark during the 19th century.

In America, condensed tannins are also present in the bark of blackjack oak (Quercus marilandica')[3].

Around the Mediterannean, sumach (Rhus coriaria) leaves and bark are used.

In Africa and Australia, acacia (called "wattle") bark is used by tanners.

Oak bark

Waterwheel at Combe House Hotel in Holford, Somerset, England. The overshot waterwheel was cast by Bridgwater ironfounder H Culverwell & Co in 1892 to replace an earlier wheel. It was used to grind oak bark for the tannery complex established here in the 1840s by James Hayman. When the tannery closed in 1900 the waterwheel was adapted to other uses such as grinding grain for grist, cutting chaff, chopping apples for the cider press and generating electricity. It also cracked stones in a nearby quarry. The gearing survives too.

In Europe, oak is a common source of tanbark. Quercitannic acid is the chief constituent found in oak barks[4]. The bark is taken from young branches and twigs in oak coppices and can be up to 4 mm thick; it is grayish brown on the outside and brownish red on the inner surface.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Chapter 8 - Tannins: Major Sources, Properties and Applications. Antonio Pizzi, Monomers, Polymers and Composites from Renewable Resources 2008, Pages 179-199, doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-045316-3.00008-9
  2. ^ cslib.cdmhost.com
  3. ^ Flavan and procyanidin glycosides from the bark of blackjack oak. Young-soo Bae, Johann F.W. Burger, Jan P. Steynberg, Daneel Ferreira and Richard W. Hemingway, Phytochemistry, Volume 35, Issue 2, January 1994, Pages 473-478, doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)94785-X
  4. ^ Quercus on www.henriettesherbal.com
  5. ^ Oak on www.online-health-care.com

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • tanbark — [tan′bärk΄] n. any bark containing tannin, used to tan hides and, after the tannin has been extracted, to cover racetracks, circus rings, etc …   English World dictionary

  • tanbark — noun Date: 1799 1. a bark rich in tannin bruised or cut into small pieces and used in tanning 2. a surface (as a circus ring) covered with spent tanbark …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • tanbark — /tan bahrk / 1. the bark of the oak, hemlock, etc., bruised and broken by a mill and used esp. in tanning hides. 2. a surface covered with pieces of tanbark, esp. a circus ring. [1790 1800; TAN1 + BARK2] * * * …   Universalium

  • tanbark — tan•bark [[t]ˈtænˌbɑrk[/t]] n. 1) the bark of the oak, hemlock, etc., bruised and broken by a mill and used esp. in tanning hides 2) cvb a surface covered with pieces of tanbark, esp. a circus ring • Etymology: 1790–1800 …   From formal English to slang

  • tanbark — noun a) The bark of the oak (or other trees) used as a source of tannin b) The spent bark used as a ground covering …   Wiktionary

  • Tanbark — Rhiophora (E) A plant whose bark produces much tannin or is used in tanning. Albizia, Aspidosperma, Avicennia, Bucida, Byrsonima, Cassia, Conocarpus, Laguncularia, Prosopis, Psidium, Rhizophora, Terminalia …   EthnoBotanical Dictionary

  • tanbark — n. tree bark that is rich in tannin (used for dying hides) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • tanbark — [ tanbα:k] noun see tan1 (sense 3) …   English new terms dictionary

  • tanbark — /ˈtænbak / (say tanbahk) noun 1. bark used in tanning; tan. 2. such bark, after the tanning process is completed, broken up in chips and used as a ground cover, as in playgrounds, landscape gardening, etc. {tan1 + bark2} …   Australian English dictionary

  • tanbark — n. the bark of oak and other trees, used to obtain tannin …   Useful english dictionary


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