- River Test
The River Test is a
riverin Hampshire, England. The river has a total length of 40 miles (64 km) and it flows through some beautiful downlandfrom its source near Ashe 10km to the west of Basingstoke(at gbmapping|SU532498) to the sea at the head of Southampton Water. In its upper reaches it is a chalk stream, known throughout the world for the excellent quality of its fly fishingfor trout. [Environment Agency (2006). " [http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/commondata/acrobat/river_test__627604pdf Fact file on the River Test] ". Retrieved February 8 2006.]
The river rises near the village of Ashe, and flows west through the villages of Overton,
Laverstoke, and the town of Whitchurch, before joining with the Bourne Rivuletat Testbourneand turning into a more southerly direction. It then flows through the villages of Longparishand Middleton to Wherwelland Chilbolton, where the Rivers Dever and Anton contribute to the flow. [Ordnance Survey (2004). "OS Explorer Map 144 - Basingstoke, Alton & Whitchurch". ISBN 0-319-23606-4.]
From Chilbolton the river flows through the villages of
Leckford, Longstock, Stockbridge and Houghton to Mottisfontand Kimbridge, where the River Dun joins the flow. From here the village of Timsbury is passed, then through the grounds of Roke Manorbefore reaching the town of Romsey. On the western edge of Romsey, Sadler's Mill, an 18th Century watermill, sits astride the River Test. [Ordnance Survey (2004). "OS Explorer Map 131 - Romsey, Andover & Test Valley". ISBN 0-319-23600-5.]
South of Romsey, the river flows past the
country houseof Broadlands, past Nurslingthat was once the site of a Roman bridge, and between the Southamptonsuburbs of Totton and Redbridge. Here the river is joined by the River Blackwater and soon becomes tidal, widening out into a considerable estuary that is lined on its northern bank by the container terminals and quays of the Port of Southampton. Finally the Test estuary meets that of the River Itchen and the two continue to the sea as Southampton Water. [Ordnance Survey (2004). "OS Explorer Map OL22 - New Forest". ISBN 0-319-23616-1.]
Between Chilbolton and Redbridge, the river was once paralleled by the abandoned
Andover Canal. Much of the length of this canal was converted to a railway in 1865, and much of this railway has since also been abandoned. As a result, most traces of the canal have completely disappeared, although the remains of a stretch of the canal can still be seen between Timsbury and Romsey. [Andover Town Central (2000-2006). " [http://www.andover.towncentral.co.uk/Andover/canal.asp The Andover Canal] ". Retrieved February 9 2006.]
The river is managed by the
Environment Agency, whilst the Port of Southamptonis the navigation authority for the tidal section below Redbridge.
In Watership Down
The river plays a significant part in Richard Adams' novel "
After Bigwig leads the breakout from
Efrafa, the Watership rabbits are pursued by an Efrafan force led by their Chief, General Woundwort. Hazel carries out a plan devised by Blackberry which leads to their successful escape down the Test on a punt. In the text we are told that this plan would not have been possible on most rivers, but the Test's smooth-flowing, weed-free nature makes it an exception. Shortly afterwards, the punt becomes lodged on a low bridge, and the surviving rabbits are forced to swim under it to get out.
The following are the named tributaries of the River Test, listed in order upstream from
Southampton Water. [ Ordnance Survey(1995). "OS Landranger Map 185 - Winchester and Basingstoke". ISBN 0-319-22185-7.]
Rivers of the United Kingdom
*oscoor|SU532498_region:GB_scale:100000|Map sources for the source of the River Test.
*oscoor|SU423098_region:GB_scale:100000|Map sources for the mouth of the River Test.
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River Anton — The River Anton is a river in the English county of Hampshire. It is a tributary of the River Test.The river rises just to the north of the town of Andover, and flows through the centre of the town. It then flows in a southerly direction through… … Wikipedia
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Test Valley — ▪ district, England, United Kingdom borough (district), administrative and historic county of Hampshire, England, occupying a mostly rural area in the northwestern part of the county. Situated directly north of the port of Southampton, Test … Universalium