- Canada Post
company_name = Canada Post Corporation- Société canadienne des postes
company_slogan = From anywhere... to anyone. De Partout... Jusqu'à vous.
key_people = Moya Greene, President and CEO;
Marc Courtois Chairperson of the Board
num_employees = 72,000
foundation = 1981
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
homepage = [http://www.canadapost.ca Canadapost.ca]
Canada Post Corporation ( _fr. Société canadienne des postes) is the Canadian postal operator operated as a crown corporation. The Post Office Department of the
Government of Canadawas founded in 1867 and was rebranded Canada Post in the late 1960s though it officially remained the Post Office Department until October 16, 1981when the "Canada Post Corporation Act" came into force [http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/C-10/text.html] . The Act set a new direction for the postal service, creating more reliable service and ensuring the postal service's financial security and independence. [ [http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/showdoc/cs/C-10/bo-ga:l_I-gb:s_4//en#anchorbo-ga:l_I-gb:s_4 Canada Post Corporation Act] Part I Section 5]
Every business day, Canada Post provides service to 14 million addresses, [cite web|url=http://www.canadapost.ca/corporate/about/annual_report/aboutus2-e.html|title=2006 Annual Report About Us-Page 1] delivering 40 million items. Delivery takes place via traditional "to the door" service by 15,000 letter carriers, supplemented by approximately 6,000 vehicle routes in rural and suburban areas, and
truckdelivery of parcels in urban areas. There are 6,800 post offices across the country, a combination of corporate offices and franchises which are operated by private retailers in conjunction with a host retail business, such as a drugstore. In terms of area serviced, Canada Post delivers to a larger area than the postal service of any other nation, including Russia(where service in Siberiais limited largely to communities along the railroad). As of 2004, nearly 843,000 rural Canadian customers received residential mail delivery services. [http://www.canada.com/ottawacitizen/news/story.html?id=d75f323a-337c-4ee2-babf-6da5db2bab95]
On a consolidated basis, the Corporation processed 11.6 billion pieces during year 2006. Consolidated revenue from operations reached $7.3 billion and consolidated net income totalled $119 million. [cite web|url=http://www.canadapost.ca/corporate/about/annual_report/highlights-e.html|title=2006 Annual Report-Highlights] To compete effectively, Canada Post operates as a group of companies called The Canada Post Group. It employs 72,000 full and part-time employees to deliver a full range of delivery, logistics and fulfillment services to customers. The Corporation holds an interest in
Purolator Courier, Innovapost, Progistix-Solutions and Canada Post International Limited. [cite web|url=http://www.canadapost.ca/personal/corporate/about/newsroom/fast_facts/bin/popup_employees-e.asp|title=Canada Post-Fast Facts] . In 2000, Canada Post created a company called Epost, allowed customers to receive their bill online for free (in 2007, Epost was absorbed into Canada Post).
Mail delivery first started in Canada in 1693 when the Portuguese born
Pedro da Silvawas paid to deliver mail between Quebec Cityand Montreal. Official postal services began in 1775, under the control of the British Governmentup to 1851. The first postage stamp (designed by Sir Sandford Fleming) went into circulation in Canada that same year. It was not until 1867 when the newly formed Dominion of Canadacreated the Post Office Department as a federal government department (The "Act for the Regulation of the Postal Service") headed by a Cabinet minister, the Postmaster General of Canada. The Act took effect April 1, 1868, providing uniform postal service throughout the newly established country. The Canadian post office was designed around the British service as created by Sir Rowland Hill, who introduced the concept of charging mail by weight and not destination along with creating the concept of the postage stamp.
Prior to rural mail delivery, many Canadians living outside major cities and towns had little communication with the outside world. On 10 October 1908, the first free rural mail delivery service was instituted in Canada. [http://www.civilization.ca/cpm/chrono/ch1908ae.html] The extension of residential mail delivery services to all rural Canadian residents was a major achievement for the Post Office Department.
The Post Office Department was an early pioneer of
airmaildelivery, with the first airmail flight taking place on June 24, 1918carrying mail from Montreal to Toronto. Regular airmail service began in 1928.
The 1970s was a tough decade for the Post Office, with major strikes combined with annual deficits that had hit $600 million by 1981. This state of affairs made politicians want to rethink their strategy for the federal department. It resulted in two years of public debate and input into the future of mail delivery in Canada. The government sought to give the post office more autonomy, in order to make it more commercially viable and to compete against the new threat of private courier services. On
October 16, 1981, the Federal Parliament passed the "Canada Post Corporation Act" [http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/C-10/text.html] , which transformed Canada Post into a Crown corporationto create the "Canada Post Corporation (CPC)". The legislation also includes a measure that legally guarantees basic postal service to all Canadians. It stipulates that all Canadians have the right to expect mail delivery, regardless of where they live.
Several historical sites related to the history of the Post Office Department of Canada can be visited today. In
Ontario, the first Toronto Post Officeis still in operation. The site of the Air Canada Centrewas once the Canada Post Delivery Building. Also notable are the [http://www.discovervancouver.com/GVB/vancouver-post-office.asp Vancouver Main Post Office] and the [http://www.pc.gc.ca/lhn-nhs/yt/dawson/natcul/natcul3_e.asp Dawson, Yukon, Post Office] , a National Historic Site of Canada. In Peggys Cove, Nova Scotia, a [http://peggys-cove.com/photos6.html nineteenth-century lighthouse] acts as a seasonal post office for the tiny coastal community.
* Compensates for the fact that goods are prohibited in the letterpost(regular mail) service.
*Maximum weight is 500g. Maximum dimensions are 380 mm x 270 mm x 20 mm.
*Rates based on weight and destination (USA or international).
*Air and surface services are available.
*Maximum weight is 1 kg (USA) and 2 kg (International).
Expedited Parcel USA
*Available for items sent to American addresses only.
*Despite its name, does not provide any service guarantee.
*The maximum acceptable weight is 30 kg.
*It is cheaper than the standard international rate.
Xpresspost-USA and International
*Provides speedy and guaranteed delivery to addresses in the United States.
*Provides accelerated delivery to certain countries.
*Maximum weight is 30 kg (USA) and 20 to 30 kg (depending on the international destination).
* Air and surface service available.
*Provides delivery to countries to which Xpresspost is not available.
*Promotional mailings targeted to specific residents.
*Minimum quantity of 1,000 articles.
*Consists of printed matter and product samples that are not addressed to specific delivery addresses in Canada, but to specific neighbourhoods or cities.
*Canada Post uses a 13 character barcode for their pre-printed labels. Bar codes consist of two letters, followed by eight sequence digits, and a ninth digit which is the check digit. The last two characters are the letters CA. The check digit seems to ignore the letters and only concern itself with the first 8 numeric digits. The scheme is to multiply each of those 8 digits by a different weighting factor, (8 6 4 2 3 5 9 7). Add up the total of all of these multiplications and divide by 11. The remainder after dividing by 11 gives a number from 0 to 10. Subtracting this from 11 gives a number from 1 to 11. That result is the check digit, except in the two cases where it is 10 or 11. If 10 it is then changed to a 0, and if 11 then it is changed to a 5. The check digit may be used to verify if a barcode scan is correct, or if a manual entry of the barcode is correct.
Although Canada Post is responsible for stamp design and production, the corporation does not actually choose the subjects or the final designs that appear on stamps. That task falls under the jurisdiction of the Stamp Advisory Committee. Their objective is to recommend a stamp program that will have broad-based appeal, regionally and culturally, reflecting Canadian history, heritage, and tradition.Canada's Stamp Details, pp.16-17, January to March 2005, Volume XIV, No. 1]
Before Canada Post calls a meeting of the committee, it also welcomes suggestions for stamp subjects from Canadian citizens. Ideas for subjects that have recently appeared on a stamp are declined. The committee works two years in advance and can approve approximately 20 subjects for each year.a]
Once a stamp subject is selected, Canada Post’s Stamp Products group conducts research. Designs are commissioned from two firms, both chosen for their expertise. The designs are presented anonymously to the committee.a] The committee’s process and selection policy have changed little in the thirty years since it was introduced.
Queen Elizabeth II definitive stamp (Canada)
* 2005: Acadian Deportation, Polio Vaccination
Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer
Canada Post has a history of troubled
labour relationswith its trade unions, particularly the Canadian Union of Postal Workers (CUPW) and the Letter Carriers Union of Canada (which merged with CUPW in 1989) culminating in periodic strike actionwhich has brought mail service in Canada to a halt. There have been at least 19 strikes, lockouts and walkouts between 1965 and 2005 including several wildcat strikes. A number of these strikes have seen the corporation employ strikebreakers and most, since the 1970s, have resulted in back-to-work legislation being passed by the Canadian parliament.
Canada Post was also the setting for one of the most controversial labour rulings of recent years. After several prosecutions for theft at Mississauga's Gateway Postal Plant, the union won a ruling from a labour board that the workers involved could not be dismissed as the length of the investigation exceeded the ten-day limit in the collective agreement under which any allegation of misconduct had to be brought to the attention of the worker. Although the ruling was reversed on appeal, the
Ontario Court of Appealruled that although the decision may have been incorrect, it was not so totally without merit that the labour board's decision should be overturned Clarifyme|date=March 2008Fact|date=June 2007. The court noted the language was in the collective agreement to keep supervisors from holding infractions over the head of a worker indefinitely.
Recently, however, Canada Post has begun to emerge from its labour troubles. In 2007, it signed a 4 year agreement with CUPW without any labour disruptions. For 2007 and 2008, the corporation was named one of
Canada's Top 100 Employers, as published in Maclean'smagazine. [cite web|url=http://www.eluta.ca/einfo?en=Canada+Post+Corporation&ri=39212ce27c291e29d31a11b23f3549d8&rk=59c32f7316fb9856fa903ef5f5ec55ac|title=Reasons for Selection, 2007 Canada's Top 100 Employers]
Safety of rural mobile delivery personnel on busy roads has been an ongoing concern. Canada Post launched the Rural Mail Safety Review as rural and suburban mail carriers across the country, supported by their union, raised complaints about workplace safety. [http://www.canada.com/ottawacitizen/news/story.html?id=d75f323a-337c-4ee2-babf-6da5db2bab95] As of March 2008 there have been more than 1400 such complaints. In some cases these union members refused to deliver mail even after Canada Post tests showed there was no undue traffic safety risk at a particular mail box. Such cases were referred to Labour Canada, who in several instances asked Canada Post to cease delivery to mailboxes. In December 2006, the Canadian government ordered that Canada Post maintain rural delivery wherever possible.
Moya Greene, the CEO of Canada Post, has been quoted as saying that years of under-investment to improve the company has hurt its efficiency and its financial performance. In September 2007, she estimated that modernizing the corporation would cost $2.7-billion over five to seven years for new buildings, equipment, technology and training. [cite web |url=http://www.canada.com/nationalpost/financialpost/story.html?id=5e65a8f9-7b39-438d-aab3-b6278fb32658&k=23508 |title=Delivering a New Canada Post |accessdate=2007-09-21 |work=The National Post]
Canada Post is known for being able to deliver mail on time on a vast territory for a very low price compare to other modern countries where mail delivery can be slow. On a survey conducted by Statistics Canada, letter carriers were the top people that anyone could trust, compared to police, lawyers and doctors.
* [http://www.canadapost.ca/ Canada Post Website]
* [http://www.collectionscanada.ca/postal-archives/080608_e.html Canadian Postal Archives] - History site run by the Government of Canada
* [http://www.collectionscanada.ca/philately-postal/index-e.html Library and Archives Canada] - Various links to history of Canada Post websites (Run by the Government of Canada)
* [http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20080211/post_mail_080211/20080211?hub=SciTech Website shows way to stop Canada Post junk mail]
** [http://www.reddotcampaign.ca Red Dot Campaign - website to stop junk mail]
* [http://apoc-aopc.com/ Association of Postal Officials of Canada (APOC)]
* [http://www.cpaa-acmpa.ca/ Canadian Postmasters and Assistants Association (CPAA)]
*Canadian Union of Postal Workers (CUPW)
*Public Service Alliance of Canada (PSAC)
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