Leverkusen


Leverkusen

Infobox German Location
Art = City
image_photo =
imagesize =
image_caption = Bay Arena Leverkusen
Wappen = Stadtwappen der kreisfreien Stadt Leverkusen.pnglat_deg = 51 | lat_min = 02| lat_sec = 0
lon_deg = 06| lon_min = 59| lon_sec = 0
Lageplan =
Lageplanbeschreibung =
Bundesland = North Rhine-Westphalia
Regierungsbezirk = Köln
Kreis = urban
Höhe = 60
Fläche = 78.85
area_metro =
Einwohner = 161336
pop_metro =
Stand = 2006-12-31
pop_ref =
PLZ =
PLZ-alt =
Vorwahl = 0214, 02171 & 02173
Kfz = LEV
Gemeindeschlüssel =
NUTS =
LOCODE =
Gliederung =
Website = [http://www.leverkusen.de/ www.leverkusen.de]
Bürgermeister = Ernst Küchler
Bürgermeistertitel =
Partei = SPD
ruling_party1 = CDU
ruling_party2 = SPD
ruling_party3 = Bürgerliste

Leverkusen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the eastern bank of the Rhine, half way between Cologne and Düsseldorf. Population: 161,342 (2005).The city of Leverkusen is a product of economic growth in the Rhine-Ruhr region. It was rural area until the late 19th century. The present city is made up of several villages, originally called Wiesdorf, Opladen, Schlebusch, Lützenkirchen, Steinbüchel, Rheindorf and Bergisch-Neukirchen. Wiesdorf, dating back to the 12th century, was chosen by the apothecary Carl Leverkus for establishing a dye factory in 1860. The factory was taken over by the Bayer company in 1891. The company moved its office to Wiesdorf in 1912, turning the town into the centre of German chemical industry.

Leverkusen was founded in 1930 by merging Wiesdorf, Schlebusch, Steinbüchel and Rheindorf. In 1975, Opladen (including Lützenkirchen since 1930), Hitdorf and Bergisch Neukirchen joined. Today the town is home of the football club Bayer Leverkusen.

Main sights and places of interest

* BayArena - Leverkusen's multifunctional football stadium
* Bayer Cross Leverkusen - one of the largest illuminated advertisements in the world
* Schloss-Morsbroich - moated castle in the baroque style
* Water Tower Leverkusen-Bürrig - 72.45 metres high water reservoir containing an observation deck
* Neuland Park - large park beside the Rhine
* Japanese Garden - A beautiful garden created by Carl Duisberg at 1923.
* Bayer Media Cladding - Until 2009 will arise the world biggest Media Cladding next to the Carl Duisberg Park

Twinned cities

Leverkusen is twinned with several cities across Europe and throughout the rest of the world. These include:
*flagicon|Finland Oulu, Finland, since 1968
*flagicon|UK Bracknell Forest, United Kingdom, since 1973
*flagicon|Slovenia Ljubljana, Slovenia, since 1979
*flagicon|Israel Nazareth-Illit, Israel, since 1980
*flagicon|Nicaragua Chinandega, Nicaragua, since 1986
*flagicon|Germany Schwedt, Germany, since 1989
*flagicon|Poland Racibórz, Poland, since 2002
*flagicon|France Villeneuve d'Ascq, France, since 2005

Notable people

* Jörg Bergmeister, racing driver
* Bärbel Dieckmann, politician
* Danny Ecker, athlete
* Hans Kühne, plant manager of IG Farben's (Bayer) plant in Leverkusen during World War II, acquitted of crimes against humanity in the IG Farben Trial [ [http://www.profit-over-life.org/rolls.php?roll=95&pageID=33&expand=no Profit Over Life | The Nuremberg Pharma Tribunal | www.pharma-over-life.org ] ]
* Dietmar Mögenburg, athlete
* Detlef Schrempf, former NBA basketball player
* Felix Sturm, middleweight boxer
* Wolf Vostell, painter
* Werner Wenning, chairman of the board of Bayer AG

References

Literature

* Blaschke, Stefan (1999): "Unternehmen und Gemeinde: Das Bayerwerk im Raum Leverkusen 1891-1914" Cologne: SH-Verlag, ISBN 3-89498-068-0 (german)
* Archive of Leverkusen (2005): "Leverkusen. Geschichte einer Stadt am Rhein." Bielefeld: Verlag für Regionalgeschichte, ISBN 3-89534-575-X (german)
* Franz Gruß (1987): "Geschichte und Porträt der Stadt Leverkusen." Leverkusen: Verlag Anna Gruß, ISBN 393047803X (german)

External links

* [http://www.leverkusen.de/ Leverkusen] Official website of the city
* [http://www.leverkusen.com/uk_us Leverkusen]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leverkusen — Leverkusen …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leverkusen — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Leverkusen — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leverkusen — Le|ver|ku|sen [auch: le:ɐ ku:zn̩]: Stadt in Nordrhein Westfalen. * * * Leverkusen   [ v ], kreisfreie Stadt im Regierungsbezirk Köln, Nordrhein Westfalen, am Rhein zwischen Köln und Düsseldorf, 35 199 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 160 800 Einwohner;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Leverkusen — Original name in latin Leverkusen Name in other language Laevverkuuse, Leberkouzen, Leverkusen, Leverkuzen, Leverkuzenas, Leverkuzene, Leverkzene, Lvverkuuse, Lverkuzenas, ZOA, lbrqwzn, le fexr khu sein, lebeokujen, lei wo ku sen, lwrkwzn,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Leverkusen — geographical name city W Germany on the Rhine SE of Düsseldorf population 161,147 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Leverkusen — /lay veuhrdd kooh zeuhn/, n. a city in North Rhine Westphalia, in W Germany, on the Rhine. 154,700. * * * ▪ Germany       city, North Rhine–Westphalia Land (state), west central Germany. It lies on the Rhine River at the mouth of the Wupper River …   Universalium

  • Leverkusen — ► C. del NO de Alemania, en el estado de Renania Septentrional Westfalia; 158 200 h. Industria químico farmacéutica …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Leverkusen — Le•ver•ku•sen [[t]ˈleɪ vərˌku zən[/t]] n. geg a city in North Rhine–Westphalia, in W Germany, on the Rhine. 161,832 …   From formal English to slang

  • Leverkusen — Le|ver|ku|sen [...v... , auch ... ku:... ] (Stadt am Niederrhein) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung


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