Remscheid


Remscheid

Infobox German Location
Name = Remscheid
German_name =
Art = City
image_photo = Deutsches Roentgenmuseum.jpg
imagesize =
image_caption = German Roentgen Museum
Wappen = Stadtwappen der kreisfreien Stadt Remscheid.pngWappengröße =
lat_deg = 51 | lat_min = 11 | lat_sec = 0
lon_deg = 07 | lon_min = 12 | lon_sec = 0
Karte =
Lageplan =
Lageplanbeschreibung =
Bundesland = North Rhine-Westphalia
Regierungsbezirk = Düsseldorf
Kreis = Urban district
Amt = |Gemeindeverwaltungsverband = |Samtgemeinde =
Verbandsgemeinde = |Verwaltungsgemeinschaft = |Verwaltungsverband =
Höhe = 365
Fläche = 74.6
area_metro =
Einwohner = 115374
pop_metro =
Stand = 2006-06
pop_ref = [ [http://www.lds.nrw.de/statistik/datenangebot/Regionen/amtlichebevoelkerungszahlen/rp1_juni06.html] ]
PLZ = 42801-42899
PLZ-alt =
Vorwahl = 02191
Kfz = RS
Gemeindeschlüssel =
NUTS =
LOCODE =
Gliederung =
Website = [http://www.remscheid.de/ www.remscheid.de]
Bürgermeister = Beate Wilding
Bürgermeistertitel = Oberbürgermeister
Partei = SPD
ruling_party1 = |ruling_party2 = |ruling_party3 =
year =
_noautocat =

Remscheid (IPA2|ˈʁɛmʃaɪt) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the northern edge of the region called Bergisches Land, south of the Ruhr area. Population: 117,717 (2003).

History

Remscheid was founded in the 12th century, but remained a small village until the 19th century. Early spellings for the city included "Remissgeid" (1217), "Rymscheyd" (1351), "Reymscheyd" (1487) and "Rembscheid" (1639). The economic growth of the entire Rhine-Ruhr region led to an increase of the population of Remscheid. Mechanical engineering and toolmaking were the main industries practised within the town. Remscheid was part of the Prussian Rhine Province from 1822-1945.

On July 31, 1943, during the second World War, Remscheid was almost completely destroyed during a British bombing raid which caused a firestorm.

A A-10 Thunderbolt II crashed in the city on December 8, 1988. Six people died.

Today, Remscheid comprises four boroughs, "Alt-Remscheid", "Remscheid-Süd", "Lennep", and Lüttringhausen.

Main Sights

* The Müngstener Brücke is a railroad bridge crossing a valley and connecting Remscheid with the neighbouring town of Solingen. It is 107 m above the ground, making it the highest railroad bridge in Germany. It was constructed in 1897 and originally named the "Kaiser-Wilhelm-Brücke" after Wilhelm I (whose 100th birthday would have been in 1897).
* The Eschbachtalsperre, the first dam built in Germany for the supply of drinking water is located here. It was built in 1891.
* The old city of the borough Lennep consists of 116 houses from 1756.

Famous People

* Conrad Gerstenmacher, died 12. juni 1615 in Remscheid, philosopher
* Wilhelm Röntgen, the discoverer of x-rays, was born 1845 in Lennep, which is today a borough of Remscheid. There is a museum in Remscheid ("Deutsches Röntgen-Museum") commemorating Röntgen's life and discoveries.
* Teo Otto, a stage designer, was born in Remscheid in 1904.
* Karl Michael Vogler, an actor, was born in Remscheid in 1928.
* Peter Brötzmann, a free jazz saxophonist, was born in Remscheid in 1941.
* Armin Mersmann, artist, born in Remscheid 1955
* Wolfgang Tillmans, a photographer, was born in Remscheid in 1968.

References

External links

* [http://www.roentgen-museum.de/ German Roentgen-Museum] de icon
* [http://www.remscheid.de/ Official City Website] de icon


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Remscheid — Remscheid, Stadtkreis im preuß. Reg. Bez. Düsseldorf, (1900) 58.103 (1905: 64.341) E., Amtsgericht, Reichsbankstelle, Realprogymnasium; Mittelpunkt der deutschen Kleineisen und Stahlwarenindustrie …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Remscheid — Remscheid, preuß. Stadt im Reg. Bez. Düsseldorf, mit 14400 E., großartiger Industrie in Eisen , Stahl u. Messingwaaren …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Remscheid — es una ciudad de Alemania, integrada en el sector administrativo de Düsseldorf, en Renania del Norte Westfalia, y situada en las inmediaciones de Wuppertal y Solingen. Ocupa un área de 74,6 km² y cuenta con 117.717 habitantes (diciembre de 2003) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Remscheid — [rem′shīt΄] city in W Germany, in the Ruhr Basin, in the state of North Rhine Westphalia: pop. 124,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Remscheid — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Remscheid — Rẹm|scheid: Stadt in Nordrhein Westfalen. * * * Rẹmscheid,   kreisfreie Stadt in Nordrhein Westfalen, 379 m über dem Meeresspiegel, im Bergischen Land, 120 100 Einwohner; Jugendmusikschule, Akademie für Musische Bildung und Medienerziehung …   Universal-Lexikon


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