Johann Arndt


Johann Arndt

Johann Arndt (or Arnd) (December 27 1555 – May 11 1621) was a German Lutheran theologian who wrote several influential books of devotional Christianity.

He was born at Ballenstedt, in Anhalt, and studied in several universities.He was at Helmstedt in 1576 and at Wittenberg in 1577. At Wittenberg the crypto-Calvinist controversy was then at its height, and he took the side of Melanchthon and the crypto-Calvinists. He continued his studies in Strasbourg, under the professor of Hebrew, Johannes Pappus (1549-1610), a zealous Lutheran, the crown of whose life's work was the forcible suppression of Calvinistic preaching and worship in the day, and who had great influence over him.

In Basel, again, he studied theology under Simon Sulzer (1508-1585), a broad-minded divine of Lutheran sympathies, whose aim was to reconcile the churches of the Helvetic and Wittenberg confessions. In 1581 he went back to Ballenstedt, but was soon recalled to active life by his appointment to the pastorate at Badeborn in 1583.

After some time his Lutheran tendencies aroused the anger of the authorities, who were of the Reformed Church.Consequently, in 1590 he was deposed for refusing to remove the pictures from his church and discontinue the use of exorcism at baptism. (Anhalt would become Calvinist in 1596.) He found an asylum in Quedlinburg (1590), and afterwards was transferred to St Martin's church at Brunswick in 1599. He later worked in Eisleben, and until 1621 as "Generalsuperintendent" in Celle.

Arndt's fame rests on his writings. These were mainly of a mystical and devotional kind, and were inspired by St Bernard, Johannes Tauler and Thomas Kempis.His principal work, "Wahres Christentum" (book 1: 1605; books 1-4: 1606-1610), which has been translated into most European languages, has served as the foundation of many books of devotion, both Roman Catholic and Protestant. Arndt here dwells upon the mystical union between the believer and Christ, and endeavours, by drawing attention to Christ's life "in" His people, to correct the purely forensic side of the reformation theology, which paid almost exclusive attention to Christ's life "for" His people. Like Luther, Arndt was very fond of the little anonymous book, "Theologia Germanica". He published an edition of it and called attention to its merits in a special preface. After "Wahres Christentum", his best-known work is "Paradiesgärtlein aller christlichen Tugenden", which was published in 1612. Both these books have been translated into English: "Paradiesgärtlein" with the title "the Garden of Paradise", and "Wahres Christentum" as "True Christianity". Several of his sermons are published in R. Nesselmann's "Buch der Predigten" (1858).

Arndt has always been held in very high repute by the German Pietists. The founder of Pietism, Philipp Jakob Spener, repeatedly called attention to him and his writings, and even went so far as to compare him with Plato.

References

*Collected edition of his works (Leipzig, 1734)
*C. Aschmann, "Essai sur la vie, etc., de J. Arndt"
*Herzog-Hauck, "Realencyklopädie"
*Karl Scheele, "Plato and Johann Arndt, Ein Vortrag, &c.", 1857
*George S. Spink, "John Arndt's Religious Thought: A Study in German Proto-Pietism" (Ph.D. diss., Temple University, 1970)
*1911


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Johann Arndt — oder Arnd (* 27. Dezember 1555 in Edderitz bei Ballenstedt am Harz[1]; † 11. Mai 1621 in Celle) zählt zu den wichtigsten nachreformatorischen Theologen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Arndt — (27 de diciembre de 1555 11 de mayo de 1621) fue un teólogo luterano alemán, nacido en Ballenstedt, Anhalt y fallecido en Celle. Cursó estudios en varias universidades y está considerado como uno de los precursores del pietismo, corriente dentro… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Johann Arndt — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Arndt. Johann Arndt (1555 1621) fut un théologien allemand luthérien de la fin du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johann Arndt (Begriffsklärung) — Johann Arndt ist der Name folgender Personen: Johann Arndt (Arnd) (1555–1621), lutherischer Theologe Johann Friedrich Arndt (1802–1881), deutscher evangelischer Theologe Johann Gottfried Arndt (1713–1767), livländischer Historiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Arnd — Johann Arndt Johann Arndt oder Arnd (* 27. Dezember 1555 in Ballenstedt; † 11. Mai 1621 in Celle) zählt zu den wichtigsten nachreformatorischen Theologen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Gerhard — Johann(es) Gerhard (* 17. Oktober 1582 in Quedlinburg; † 17. August 1637 in Jena) war ein deutscher lutherischer Theologe und gilt als ein bedeutender Vertreter der lutherischen Orthodoxie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Carl Friedrich von Brause — (* 12. Dezember 1729 in Sangerhausen; † 14. April 1792 in Oschatz) war ein lutherischer Theologe und Superintendent von Bad Liebenwerda und Oschatz. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Familie 2 Werdegang …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arndt — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le nom d’Arndt est porté par plusieurs personnalités (par ordre alphabétique) : Adolf Arndt (1904 1974), homme politique allemand. Ernst Moritz Arndt …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johann Gerhard — (October 17, 1582 – August 10, 1637), was a Lutheran church leader and theologian.He was born in the German city of Quedlinburg. At the age of fourteen, during a dangerous illness, he came under the personal influence of Johann Arndt, author of… …   Wikipedia

  • Johann Heermann — (11 October, 1585 17 February, 1647), German poet and hymn writer. He is commemorated in the Calendar of Saints of the Lutheran Church on 26 October with Philipp Nicolai and Paul Gerhardt. Life Heermann was born in Raudten (modern day Rudna) in… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.