Peat swamp forest


Peat swamp forest

Peat swamp forests are tropical moist forests where waterlogged soils prevent dead leaves and wood from fully decomposing, which over time creates thick layer of acidic peat. Large areas of these forests are being logged at high rates.

Peat swamp forests are typically surrounded by lowland rain forests on better-drained soils, and by brackish or salt-water mangrove forests near the coast.

Over the past decade, the government of Indonesia has drained some peat swamp forests of the island of Borneo for conversion to agricultural land. The dry years of 1997-8 and 2002-3 saw huge fires in the peat swamp forests. A study for the European Space Agency found that the peat swamp forests are a significant carbon sink for the planet, and that the fires of 1997-8 may have released up to 2.5 billion tonnes, and the 2002-3 fires between 200 million to 1 billion tonnes, of carbon into the atmosphere.

Peat swamp forest ecoregions

*Borneo peat swamp forests (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia)
*Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests (Malaysia, Thailand)
*Sumatran peat swamp forests (Indonesia)
*Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests (Cambodia, Vietnam)

External links

* [http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMRA7YO4HD_index_0.html Envisat focuses on carbon-rich peat swamp forest fires (European Space Agency)]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Freshwater swamp forest — Freshwater swamp forests, or flooded forests, are forests which are inundated with freshwater, either permanently or seasonally. They normally occur along the lower reaches of rivers and around freshwater lakes. Freshwater swamp forests are found …   Wikipedia

  • Borneo peat swamp forests — The Borneo peat swamp forests is a tropical moist forest ecoregion on the island of Borneo, which is divided between Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia. Peat swamp forests occur where waterlogged soils prevent dead leaves and wood from fully… …   Wikipedia

  • Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests — The Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests are a tropical moist forest ecoregion of the Malay Peninsula, which includes portions of Malaysia and southern Thailand.ettingThe ecoregion covers an area of 3,600 square kilometers (1,400 square miles) …   Wikipedia

  • Peat — is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation matter. Peat forms in wetlands or peatlands , variously called bogs , moors , muskegs , pocosins , mires , and peat swamp forests . By volume there is about 4 trillion m³ of peat in the world… …   Wikipedia

  • Forest — This article is about a community of trees. For other uses, see Forest (disambiguation). A conifer forest in the Swiss Alps (National Park) …   Wikipedia

  • swamp — n 1. marsh, bog, fen, morass, quagmire, quag, Archaic. marish; mire, quicksand, mud, muck, ooze, sludge; sough, slough, Brit. Dial. sump, Scot. moss, wash, squash, wallow; flat, mud flat, everglade, peat bog, moor, Chiefly Brit. moorland; bottom… …   A Note on the Style of the synonym finder

  • Tropical peat — Areas of tropical peat are found mostly in South East Asia (about 70% by area) although are also found in Africa, Central and South America and elsewhere around the Pacific Ocean. Tropical peatlands are significant carbon sinks and store large… …   Wikipedia

  • Coniferous swamp — Dead Stream Swamp, Michigan. A northern white cedar swamp. Coniferous swamps are forested wetlands in which the dominant trees are lowland conifers such as northern white cedar (thuja occidentalis). The soil in these swamp areas are typically… …   Wikipedia

  • Okefenokee Swamp — Coordinates: 30°37′7.56″N 82°19′15.5″W / 30.6187667°N 82.320972°W / 30.6187667; 82.320972 …   Wikipedia

  • Coal forest — Etching depicting some of the most significant plants of the Carboniferous. Coal forests were the vast swathes of wetlands that extended over much of the tropical land areas during late Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian) and Permian times.[1 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.