Gabriel Hanotaux

Gabriel Hanotaux

Albert Auguste Gabriel Hanotaux, known as Gabriel Hanotaux, (november 19, 1853 – april 11, 1944) was a French statesman and historian.


He was born at Beaurevoir in the "département" of Aisne. He studied history at the École des Chartes, and became "maître de conférence" in the École des Hautes Études. His political career was that of a civil servant rather than a party politician. In 1879 he entered the ministry of foreign affairs as a secretary, and rose step by step through the diplomatic service.

In 1886 he was elected deputy for Aisne, but, defeated in 1889, he returned to his diplomatic career, and on May 31 1894 was chosen by Charles Dupuy to be minister of foreign affairs. With one interruption (during the Ribot ministry, from January 26 to November 2 1895) he held this portfolio until June 14 1898. During his ministry he developed the "rapprochement" of France with Russia—visiting Saint Petersburg with the president, Félix Faure—and sent expeditions to delimit the French colonies in Africa.

The Fashoda Incident of July 1898 was a result of this policy, and Hanotaux's distrust of England is frankly stated in his literary works.

Hanotaux served as a delegate for France with the League of Nations and participated in the 1st (November 15 - December 18, 1920), 2nd (September 5 - October 5, 1921), 3rd (September 4 - September 30, 1922) and 4th Assemblies (September 3 - September 29, 1923).

In the early 1920s, there was a proposal for the League Of Nations to accept Esperanto as their working language. Ten delegates accepted the proposal with only one voice against, the French delegate, Gabriel Hanotaux. Hanotaux did not like how the French language was losing its position as the international language of diplomacy and saw Esperanto as a threat.

Gabriel Hanotaux died in Paris in 1944 and was interred in the Passy Cemetery.


As a historian he published:

*"Origines de l'institution des intendants de provinces" (1884), which is the authoritative study on the intendants
*"Etudes historiques sur les XVI et XVII siècles en France" (1886)
*"Histoire de Richelieu" (2 vols., 1888)
*"Histoire de la Troisième République" (1904), the standard history of contemporary France.

He also edited the "Instructions des ambassadeurs de France à Rome, depuis les traités de Westphalie" (1888). He was elected a member of the Académie française on April 1 1897.


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  • Gabriel Hanotaux — Albert Auguste Gabriel Hanotaux, conocido como Gabriel Hanotaux, (19 de noviembre de 1853 – 11 de abril de 1944) fue un hombre de estado e historiador francés. Biografía Nació en Beaurevoir en el departamento de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gabriel Hanotaux — Albert Auguste Gabriel Hanotaux (* 9. November 1853 in Beaurevoir, Aisne; † 11. April 1944 in Paris) war ein französischer Historiker. Von 1893 bis 1895 und von 1896 bis 1898 hatte er das Amt des Außenministers und 1898 das …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gabriel Hanotaux —  Pour l’article homophone, voir Hanoteau. Gabriel Albert Auguste Hanotaux est un diplomate, historien et homme politique français né à Beaurevoir (Aisne) le 19 novembre 1853 et mort à Paris le 11 avril 1944. Biographie Gabriel Hanotaux… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hanotaux — Gabriel Hanotaux Albert Auguste Gabriel Hanotaux (* 9. November 1853 in Beaurevoir, Aisne; † 11. April 1944 in Paris) war ein französischer Historiker. Von 1893 bis 1895 und von 1896 bis 1898 hatte er das Amt des Außenministers und 1898 das des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gabriel Girodon — (Saint Quentin 14 avril 1884 Château du Rocher, à Mézangers (Mayenne) 24 novembre 1941) est un peintre et sculpteur français ; il a aussi fait du portrait, du vitrail, de la lithographie et de la gravure sur bois …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hanotaux, Gabriel — (1853 1944)    statesman, historian    Born in Beaurevoir, Aisne, Gabriel Hanotaux, as minister of foreign affairs, helped to prepare the Franco Russian alliance and to strengthen the French presence in the Far East, Tunisia, and the Sudan, where …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Hanotaux — (spr. annotō), Gabriel, franz. Politiker, geb. 19. Nov. 1853 in Beaurevoir (Aisne), studierte die Rechte sowie die Geschichte, wurde dann Lehrer an der École des hautes études und 1879 Archivar im Ministerium des Auswärtigen. Nachdem er 1881 in… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hanotaux —   [anɔ to], Gabriel, französischer Politiker und Historiker, * Beaurevoir (Département Aisne) 19. 11. 1853, ✝ Paris 11. 4. 1944; wurde 1880 Lehrer an der »École des hautes études«; 1886 89 Abgeordneter. Als Außenminister (1894/95 und 1896 98)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gabriel Paul Othenin de Cléron, comte d'Haussonville — (September 21, 1843 September 1, 1924) was a French politician and author. Born at Gurcy le Châtel (Seine et Marne), he was the son of Joseph Othenin Bernard and married in 1865 Mlle Pauline d Harcourt.He represented Seine et Marne in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Hanotaux, Gabriel — ▪ French statesman and historian born Nov. 19, 1853, Beaurevoir, Fr. died April 11, 1944, Paris  statesman, diplomat, and historian who directed a major French colonial expansion in Africa and who championed a Franco Russian alliance that proved… …   Universalium

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