- Tom Taylor
Tom Taylor (
19 October 1817– 12 July 1880) was a dramatist, critic, biographer, public servant, and editor of " Punch magazine". He wrote about 100 plays during his career, including " Our American Cousin".
Taylor was born into a wealthy family at
Bishopwearmouth, present day Sunderland, in north-east England. His father owned a brewery. After attending school at the Grange in Sunderland, and studying for two sessions at the University of Glasgow, he entered Trinity College at Cambridge Universityin 1837. In 1840 he received a B.A. with honors in both the classics and mathematics. He then earned a Master's degree. [http://www.wayneturney.20m.com/tomtaylor.htm Profile of Taylor at the Turney site] ]
Taylor began his working life as a journalist. Soon after moving to
London, he wrote for the "Morning Chronicle" and the "Daily News". He was on the staff of "Punch" until 1874, when he succeeded Charles William Shirley Brooksas editor. He was also was an art critic for "The Times" and "The Graphic." [http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Tom_Taylor Information from the 1911 edition of Encyclopedia Britannica] ]
At the same time, for two years, he was a professor of
English literatureat University College, London. He was called to the bar at Middle Templein November 1846, and went on the northern circuit until he became assistant secretary of the Board of Health in 1850. On the reconstruction of the Board in 1854 he was made Secretary, and on its abolition his services were transferred to a department of the Home Office, retiring on a pension in 1876.
Taylor also wrote about painters, editing the "Autobiography of
B. R. Haydon" (1853), the "Autobiography and Correspondence of C. R. Leslie, R.A." (1860), and writing "Life and Times of Sir Joshua Reynolds" (1865). He also edited "Pen Sketches from a Vanished Hand", selected from papers of Mortimer Collins.
He died at
Wandsworth, Londonat the age of 62.
Acting and stage direction
From an early age, Taylor had shown a predilection for theatre and performed dramatic pieces with a number of children in a loft over a brewer's stable.
In 1842, Taylor, together with his Cambridge friends Frederick Ponsonby, Charles G. Taylor and William Bolland, formed the
Old Stagers, which is recognised as the oldest amateur drama society still performing. The Old Stagers were invited to perform at the Canterbury Theatre during the Canterbury Cricket Week. Taylor, under his nom de theatre 'J. Noakes, Esq', performed with the Old Stagers for over 20 years. He was usually also Stage Manager and wrote many epilogues at the end of the Canterbury Cricket Week. He and the Old Stagers also performed in Royal Leamington Spain 1852 and 1853 at the Theatre Royal during the I ZingariCricket Week. Most of the Old Stagers played cricket for the I Zingari during the day and performed on the stage during the evening, but there is no evidence to suggest that Taylor played cricket.Fact|date=March 2008
Four of Taylor's burlesques were produced at the
Lyceum Theatrein 1844. His first hit was "To Parents and Guardians", produced at the Lyceum in 1845. Taylor eventually produced about 100 plays, although many were adaptations from the French or collaborations with other playwrights, notably Charles Reade. Some of his plots were adapted from the novels of Charles Dickensor others. [http://www.bartleby.com/223/0810.html "Tom Taylor", "The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21)" (Volume XIII. "The Victorian Age", Part One. VIII. Nineteenth-Century Drama, § 10] ] Many of Taylor's plays were extremely popular, and his stated intention was to construct popular plays. The best of them include "Masks and Faces" (1852, with Reade), "Plot and Passion" (1853), "Still Waters Run Deep" (1855), and "The Ticket-of-Leave Man" (1863), and "Arkwright’s Wife" (1873). He also wrote a series of historical dramas (many in blank verse, including "The Fool’s Revenge" (1869), "'Twixt Axe and Crown" (1870), "Jeanne d'arc" (1871), "Lady Clancarty" (1874) and "Anne Boleyn" (1875). In 1871, Tyler supplied the words to Arthur Sullivan's dramatic cantata, " On Shore and Sea".
Taylor's plays are mostly forgotten today, although several survived into the 20th century. His most famous play today is "
Our American Cousin", remembered mostly for its association with Abraham Lincoln's assassination.
*"Masks and Faces" (1852)
*"Plot and Passion" (1853)
*"Still Waters Run Deep" (1855)
Our American Cousin" (1858)
*"The Contested Election" (1859)
*"The Overland Route" (1860)
*"The Ticket-of-Leave Man" (1863)
*"Mary Warner" (1869)
*"The Fool's Revenge" (1869)
*"'Twixt Axe and Crown" (1870)
*"Joan of Arc" (1871)
*"Arkwright’s Wife" (1873)
*"Lady Clancarty" (1874)
*"Anne Boleyn" (1875)
* [http://www.worc.ac.uk/victorian/ Lacy's Acting Edition of Victorian Plays]
* [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9C07E1DD143FEE3ABC4052DFB166838B699FDE NY Times obituary]
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