- Tomislav Dretar
Tomislav Dretar (born
Nova Gradiška, Croatia, March 2 1945) is a Croatian, Bosnian, French and Belgian poet, writer, critic, and translator, as well as an academic, journalist, editor, political leader and president of Bihać's HVO.
Education: Pedagogy faculty,
Rijeka, Croatia, Rijeka; Postgraduate Studies - Universityof Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Publications: 9 books of poetry in Croatian, 1 in Italian, 3 in French, 1 in Roma language; 300 articles, essaysand critics.
Membership: Hrvatsko Društvo Književnika " Herceg- Bosna".
French alias : : "Douleur, rhapsodie tsigane"
Brussels1988, "L'image, florilège des lumières", Paris2001 i "Le Foyer de paroles", Brussels 2003. Translation of Bibleand Qur'an, Paul Celan, Jean Cayrol, Xawier Deutsch, François Emmanuel, Jacques Attali, Monique Thomassettie, William Cliff, Admiral Mahic, Bernard Sève, Edina Bozoky...
Dretar is the son of Ružica Rivić from Ljubija Rudnik in
Bosnia and Herzegovinaand Vladimir Dretar from Cernik in Nova Gradiška. His mother was a clerk with a finished civil School for Catholic Girls, and the father, after completing the Higher Secondary School in Nova Gradiška enrolled the study of forestry at the Forestry Facultyat the University of Zagreb, but in 1941 he left for military education in Stockerau where he received the title of noncommissioned officer. He served as a noncommissioned officer in the Blue SSdivision from which he deserted because of the humiliating treatment of Croatiansby the German commanders. In his absence, a military court sentenced him to death. He become an Ustashavolunteer, rising to the rank of second lieutenant. From there he deserted because of the inhumane behavior of the Ustashas and their commanders and, again, was sentenced to death in his absence. He settled down in the Croatian Home Guardas a lieutenant, he was station commander in Vrba. After the fall of Nova Gradiška he retreated with the rest of the Croatian Army and disappeared in Bleiburg.
Tomislav finished the Pedagogic Faculty at the
University of Rijeka, and postgraduate studies of humanities at the University of Sarajevo. Writerand literary critic, author of around ten collections of poems and over three hundreds scientific, expertand critical textsfrom the areas of literature, sociology of culture, philosophy, fine artsand political science.
In the very beginning of democratic changes in the former Social Federative Republic of Yugoslavia (
SFRY), although being a Marxist educated intellectual he relinquishes his association with the Yugoslav Communist Alliance(KPJ) because of its betrayal of the people. He establishes the Bosnian Democratic Party, the first anticommunist party in Bosnia which in its Program declared itself as standing for the establishment of Bosnian-Herzegovina state independence, for its own army and police in a loose confederation.
Preparation for self-defense of the people Croatians in Bihać area
When the war in
Croatiastarted he organized an intelligence agency which tracked the movement of the Yugoslav National Army(JNA) troops in northwest of Bosnia, and informed the Croatian military authorities which contributed to the timely activation of the Croatian air defense and prevented ethnic ideas whose action either fell into an empty area or were received during and in a place in which and when they had not been expected. In time and with much skill, although he does not have any military education he organized the defense of Croatians in the Bihaćarea, he becomes the president of the Croatian Democratic Union(HDZ) of Bihać, established the Croatian Defense Council(HVO) of Bihaćand the Bihać area on the 28th of July 1992 in the village of Šmrekovac in the municipality of Velika Kladušaand become the First President and Military Commander as an officer with the title of colonel. The Croatian units numbered a total of 1,200 men organized as smaller units within the Fifth Bihać Corpsas an autonomous Croatian military component. Under his command the Croatian HVO units were a component of the Army of Republic Bosnia and Herzegovina.
He openly opposed
Mate Bobanand the creation of a Croatian quasi-state of " Herzeg-Bosnia", because he saw this as the same thing that the Chetnikswere doing in Croatia and in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Boban's followers tried to assassinate him a number of times, but he always succeeded in slipping away. He participated in the first combat of the army which was organized based on his project, he succeeded in building a relationship of mutual trust and equality with the Bosnian component, established and lined up on 12th of June 1992 in the "Zrinski-Frankopan" barracks in Bihać in the suburb of Žegar the first Croatian Bihać battalioncalled the "101 Bihać-Croatian battalion", which entered in the group of the Second Croatian-Moslem Bihać brigade, which was part of the 5th Corps of the Army of Bosnia and Herzegovinanamed the "502 Croatian-Moslem Bihać Brigade", he organized the rescue of two piston aircraft of type Kurir, which were of great benefit during the war for supplying military and other necessary materials. He managed the organization of the creation of an Air Forceand the accomplishment of the first flights on the Zagreb-Bihać line, at night, in secrecy.
End of political and military career.
Because of his conflict with the advocates of the division of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Tuđman's yes-men, he abandoned the holding of all political and military posts and leaves, with the aid of the EEC watchgroup into
exilein Belgium, where he lives today, in the conviction that Tuđman worked on the conquest of Bosnia and Herzegovina, that he is guilty for the Croatian-Bosnian war, that he robbed Croatia and has divided her property among his yes-men, and also that he is the inspirer, and thereby also the evil doer of the murders of HOS generals Blaž Kraljević and Ante Paradžik. That he had secret lines of command and that he worked in agreement with Milošević and his servant Izetbegović who betrayed Bosnia and Herzegovina, and with these two men planned and carried out the plan of tearing up Bosnia and Herzegovina.
After arrival in exile in
BelgiumTomislav is employed in the Louvain-la-Neuve Catholic University. He translates, he has translated the two most respectable Bibles the so called Jerusalem Bibleand the Ecumenical translation of the Bible. Has made also the first translation of the Qur'aninto Croatian in the history of Croatian contacts with Islam. He published over ten books of translations of French writers, and three of his own books in the French language. He has had two homelands: Croatia, his father's and Bosnia, his mother's. He loved both, he would have gone to war for both, and has lost both.....
Bibliography of his works:
* Vox interioris, Sarajevo 1976.
* Iris Illyrica daring, Banja Luka 1980.
* The Path inaccessible,Bihac 1984.
* Transfigurations, Bihac 1984.
* The sister of the Night. Naple 1984.
* The Book of Desir, Bihac 1986.
* The Painting, Bunch of sunlight, Beograd, 1988.
* The bitter Silver, Bihac, 1989.
* Searche of the infinity, Kikinda, 1989.
The Distress, Gypsys Rhapsodie, Novi Sad, 1990.
* L'image, Florilége des lumières, Paris, 2001.
* The Distress, Gypsys Rhapsodie/Douleur, Rhapsodie tsigane - bilingue français-croate, Barry (Belgium), 2007.
* Le Foyer des paroles, Paris, 2008.
*"Slovo Gorčina" Bosnia and Herzegovina Awards for first book of poetry 1976
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Tomislav Dretar — Thomas Dretart Tomislav Dretar, ou Thomas Dretart est né à Nova Gradiška en Croatie le 2 mars 1945). Il est naturalisé belge et habite Drogenbos, près de Bruxelles. Poète, écrivain, professeur d université, traducteur, auteur de critiques… … Wikipédia en Français
Tomislav (name) — Tomislav is a Croatian male first name. Its originated from the first, and most well known, Croatian king: Tomislav I of Croatia. It is also one of the most common given Croatian names. People named Tomislav *Tomislav II of Croatia, Croatian king … Wikipedia
Thomas Dretart — Tomislav Dretar Thomas Dretart Tomislav Dretar, ou Thomas Dretart est né à Nova Gradiška en Croatie le 2 mars 1945). Il est naturalisé belge et habite Drogenbos, près de Bruxelles. Poète, écrivain, professeur d université … Wikipédia en Français
Gérard Adam — Gérard Adam, né le 1er janvier 1946 à Onhaye, petit village près de Dinant, dans la province de Namur, est un médecin et écrivain belge contemporain. Sommaire 1 Biographie … Wikipédia en Français
Gerard Adam — Gérard Adam Gérard Adam (né le 1er janvier 1946 à Onhaye, petit village près de Dinant, dans la province de Namur) est un médecin et écrivain belge wallon contemporain. Sommaire 1 Biographie … Wikipédia en Français
List of Bosnia and Herzegovina-related topics — This is a list of topics related to Bosnia and Herzegovina. Those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar.Bosnia and Herzegovina* Bosnia and Herzegovina * Republika Srpska*… … Wikipedia
Kroatischer Schriftsteller — Dies ist eine Liste kroatischer Schriftsteller von der Renaissance bis zur Gegenwart. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Renaissance 2 Barock 3 Klassik und Empfindsamkeit 4 Romantik 5 Realismus 6 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Liste kroatischer Schriftsteller — Dies ist eine Liste kroatischer Schriftsteller von der Renaissance bis zur Gegenwart. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Renaissance 2 Barock 3 Klassik und Empfindsamkeit 4 Romantik … Deutsch Wikipedia
Liste Alphabétique D'écrivains Croates — Cet article est une liste référençant des écrivains croates. D autres articles peuvent être identifiés dans la catégorie correspondante La littérature croate est la littérature écrite en langue croate. Sommaire : Haut A B C D E F G H I J K L … Wikipédia en Français
Liste alphabetique d'ecrivains croates — Liste alphabétique d écrivains croates Cet article est une liste référençant des écrivains croates. D autres articles peuvent être identifiés dans la catégorie correspondante La littérature croate est la littérature écrite en langue croate.… … Wikipédia en Français