Taupo


Taupo
Taupo
Taupō-nui-a-Tia (Maori)
Taupo is located in New Zealand
Taupo
Coordinates: 38°41′15″S 176°04′10″E / 38.6875°S 176.0694°E / -38.6875; 176.0694Coordinates: 38°41′15″S 176°04′10″E / 38.6875°S 176.0694°E / -38.6875; 176.0694
Country  New Zealand
Island North Island
Region Waikato
Territorial authority Taupo District
Ward Taupo
Settled pre-European
Founded 1869
Borough status 1953
Named for originates from Taupō-nui-a-Tia, meaning "great cloak of Tia" in Maori
Electorate Taupō
Government
 – MP Louise Upston (National)
 – Mayor Rick Cooper
Area
 – Territorial 6,970 km2 (2,691.1 sq mi)
Elevation 360 m (1,181 ft)
Population (June 2010 estimate)[1]
 – Territorial 34,000
 – Density 4.9/km2 (12.6/sq mi)
 – Urban 22,300
Time zone NZST (UTC+12)
 – Summer (DST) NZDT (UTC+13)
Postcode 3330
Area code(s) 07
Local iwi Ngāti Tūwharetoa

Taupo (play /ˈtpɔː/ toh-paw) is a town on the shore of Lake Taupo in the centre of the North Island of New Zealand. It is the seat of the Taupo District Council and lies in the southern Waikato Region.

Taupo has a population of 22,300 (June 2010 estimate).[1] In 1953, Taupo was officially constituted as a borough,[2] but from 1989 it has been administered by the Taupo District Council, the district including both Taupo itself and the surrounding hinterland. Despite this, it is occasionally referred to as a city.

The name Taupo comes from Māori Taupō-nui-a-Tia. Literally translated, it means "The great cloak of Tia" where Tia is the name of the discoverer of the lake.

In 2009 a team of Taupo citizens won the TV2 programme Top Town.[3]

Contents

Geography

Taupo is located at the outlet of Lake Taupo, New Zealand's largest lake, in the northeast part of the lake where it discharges to the Waikato River. The river flows over one of New Zealand's most spectacular waterfalls, Huka Falls, a short distance north of the town. Taupo is a centre of volcanic and geothermal activity and hot springs suitable for bathing are located at several places in the vicinity. The volcanic mountain of Mount Tauhara lies six kilometres (4 mi) to the east. Some forested area exists near Taupo, with understory vegetation consisting of certain shrubs and ferns.

Somewhat to the northeast are significant hot springs. These springs are the site of occurrence of certain extremophile micro-organisms, that are capable of surviving in extremely hot environments.[4]

Taupo is situated on a stretch of State Highway 1, running concurrenly with State Highway 5. It is situated 53 km North of Turangi. It is one of the few centres in New Zealand that were never linked to the rail network.

The small but growing satellite town of Kinloch, where a Jack Nicklaus golf resort is being constructed, is 20 kilometres west along the lake.

Neighbourhoods

Taupo's neighbourhoods include:

  • Wharewaka
  • Nukuhau lies north of the Waikato River. To the south west lies Acacia Bay and to the south lies Taupo town centre.
  • Richmond Heights lies to the east of Rainbow Point and south of Mountain View. It is home to the Waipahihi Primary School, Richmond Heights shopping center, and the Waipahihi Botanical Gardens.
  • Mount View
  • Acacia Bay
  • Rainbow Point is an affluent area and has its own dairy. It lies north of Wharewaka and west of Richmond Heights. To the west lies Lake Taupo.
  • Tauhara lies just north of Hilltop and east of Mount View. Mount Tauhara lies just east of Tauhara. Tauhara is the location of Tauhara primary school and Tauhara Golf course.
  • Hilltop lies south of Tauhara. Hilltop is the location of Hilltop School, Taupo Intermediate School and the Taupo Hospital. Plus the Taharepa shopping centre,And the Hilltop shopping centre.
  • Gradwell is a suburb of Taupo. To the south lies Rainbow Point to the north is Hilltop. Gradwell is the location of the Waipahihi Botanical Gardens.
  • Taupo CBD
  • Five Mile Bay is located south of Wharewaka and north of Waitahanui on State Highway 1 just west of the Taupo Airport. On the east side is Lake Taupo.It is home to a popular swimming/water skiing beach, though it has very few houses it gets very busy in summer. The bay is of Taupo bays the others are 2 mile bay,3 mile bay and 5 mile bay.
  • Wairakei
  • Waitahanui

Climate

Climate data for Taupo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.3
(73.9)
23.3
(73.9)
20.9
(69.6)
17.6
(63.7)
14.1
(57.4)
11.8
(53.2)
11.2
(52.2)
12.1
(53.8)
14.1
(57.4)
16.5
(61.7)
19
(66)
21.3
(70.3)
16.9
Average low °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
11.6
(52.9)
10.2
(50.4)
7.4
(45.3)
4.9
(40.8)
3.4
(38.1)
2.2
(36.0)
3
(37)
4.7
(40.5)
6.6
(43.9)
8.4
(47.1)
10.1
(50.2)
7.1
Precipitation mm (inches) 85
(3.35)
77
(3.03)
83
(3.27)
74
(2.91)
87
(3.43)
99
(3.9)
105
(4.13)
109
(4.29)
90
(3.54)
102
(4.02)
85
(3.35)
108
(4.25)
1,102
(43.39)
Source: NIWA Climate Data[5]

Economy

Taupo is a tourist centre, particularly in the summer, as it offers panoramic views over the lake and to the volcanic mountains of Tongariro National Park to the south. It offers a number of tourist activities including sky diving, jet boating and paragliding.

Taupo services a number of surrounding plantation pine forests including Kaingaroa Forest, the largest manmade forest in the world, and related industry. A large sawmill is sited approximated 3 km to the north east of the town on Centennial Drive.

The Wairakei geothermal power station is a few kilometres north of the town.

Education

Taupo has three high schools: Tauhara College, Taupo Nui-a-Tia College and the private Lake Taupo Christian School. It also has St Patrick's, Waipahihi, Hilltop, Mount View, Taupo and Tauhara primary schools, and Taupo Intermediate School.

Sporting events

Since the mid-1990s Taupo has become increasingly popular as a venue for major sporting events, increasingly of an international nature. The town's compact size, clean environment, central location and supportive council and community have been cited as the reasons for this. Major events in Taupo include:

Annual events

Past events

One of the main streets of the Taupo CBD, with the Taupo Domain on the left.
Aerial view of the town from the east, showing Lake Taupo and the Waikato River.

Transport

Taupo is served by State Highways SH 1 and SH 5, and the Thermal Explorer Highway touring route. All three highways run concurrently for 11 km from Wairakei in the north, along Tongariro Street and Lake Terrace, to southern Taupo.

Taupo is one of the few towns in New Zealand that have never had a link to the national rail network, although there have been proposals in the past.

Taupo Airport is located south of the township. The airport is served by Air New Zealand subsidiary Eagle Airways, with direct flights using Beechcraft 1900D aircraft to Auckland and Wellington

Twin cities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Subnational population estimates at 30 June 2010 (boundaries at 1 November 2010)". Statistics New Zealand. 26 October 2010. http://www.stats.govt.nz/~/media/Statistics/Methods%20and%20Services/Tables/Subnational%20population%20estimates/subpopest2001-10.ashx. Retrieved 7 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Taupo". Encyclopedia of New Zealand (1966). http://www.teara.govt.nz/1966/T/Taupo/Taupo/en. 
  3. ^ "Taupo is New Zealand's Top Town". One News. 5 April 2009. http://tvnz.co.nz/view/page/497100/2619721. Retrieved November 19, 2011. 
  4. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2010. Extremophile. eds. E.Monosson and C.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington DC
  5. ^ "Climate Data". NIWA. http://www.niwascience.co.nz/edu/resources/climate/. Retrieved 2 November 2007. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Taupo — District Council Karte Basisdaten Regionen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Taupo — Taupo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Taupo — Taupo, See auf der Nordinsel Neuseelands, 771 qkm …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Taupo — 38° 41′ 15″ S 176° 04′ 10″ E / 38.6875, 176.0694 Taupo est une …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Taupo — Original name in latin Taupo Name in other language TUO, Taupo, Taupo Town District, Taupo nui a Tia, Taup nui a Tia, tao bo, taupo, Таупо State code NZ Continent/City Pacific/Auckland longitude 38.68333 latitude 176.08333 altitude 405 Population …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Taupo — /tow poh/, n. Lake, a lake in N New Zealand, in the central part of North Island: largest lake in New Zealand. ab. 234 sq. mi. (605 sq. km). * * * …   Universalium

  • taupo — tau·po …   English syllables

  • Taupo — Tau•po [[t]ˈtaʊ poʊ[/t]] n. geg Lake, a lake in N New Zealand, in central North Island: largest lake in New Zealand. ab. 234 sq. mi. (605 sq. km) …   From formal English to slang

  • Taupo — /ˈtaʊpoʊ/ (say towpoh) noun Lake, a lake in NZ, in the central part of the North Island. 619 km2 …   Australian English dictionary

  • taupo — noun see taupou * * * /tow poh/, n. Lake, a lake in N New Zealand, in the central part of North Island: largest lake in New Zealand. ab. 234 sq. mi. (605 sq. km) …   Useful english dictionary


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