Yakovlev


Yakovlev

Infobox Company
company_name = A.S. Yakovlev Design Bureau JSC
company_
company_type = Joint stock company
company_slogan =
foundation = 1934
location =
key_people = Alexander Sergeevich Yakovlev
num_employees =
industry = Aerospace and defense
products = Military aircraft
revenue =
homepage = [http://www.yak.ru Yakolev]

A.S. Yakovlev Design Bureau JSC is a Russian aircraft designer and manufacturer (design office prefix Yak). It was formed in 1934 under designer Alexander Sergeevich Yakovlev as OKB-115 (the design bureau has its own production base at the facility №115), but the birthday is considered on 12 May 1927, the day of maiden flight of the AIR-1 aircraft developed within the Department of Light Aircraft of GUAP (Head Agency of Aviation Industry) under the supervision of A.S. Yakovlev.

During World War II Yakovlev designed and produced a famed line of fighter aircraft.

It was merged into the Yak Aviation Company with Smolensk Aviation Plant Joint Stock Company in March 1992, although the two companies continued to be operated separately. It later underwent privatization and became Yak Aircraft Corporation. The Russian government is planning to merge the holding company with Mikoyan, Ilyushin, Irkut, Sukhoi and Tupolev as a new company named United Aircraft Building Corporation." [http://www.nytimes.com/2006/02/22/business/worldbusiness/22air.html?_r=1&oref=login Russian Aircraft Industry Seeks Revival Through Merger] ." "The New York Times." February 22, 2006.]

The firm is the designer of the "Pchela" ( _ru. Пчела, "bee" (drone reconnaissance aircraft and is perhaps best known for its highly successful line of World War II-era piston-engined fighter aircraft.

The name Yakovlev is used commonly in the West, but in Russia it is always abbreviated as Yak ( _ru. Як) as a part of aircraft name. The German transliteration, often used by the Russians, Poles, and others as well, is Jak.

Aircraft

* AIR-1
* AIR-2
* AIR-3
* AIR-4
* AIR-5
* AIR-6 (liaison, general purpose)
* AIR-17
* UT-1 (AIR-14) (1936 - 1-seater trainer)
* UT-2 (AIR-10, Ya-20) (1935 - 2-seater trainer)
* Yak-1 (1940 - WWII fighter)
* Yak-2 (1940 - WWII bomber)
* Yak-3 (1943 - WWII fighter, improved Yak-1)
* Yak-4 (1940 - WWII bomber, improved Yak-2)
* Yak-5 (1941 - WWII fighter, prototype, improved Yak-1)
* Yak-6 (1942 - transport)
* Yak-7 (1942 - WWII 2-seater trainer & 1-seater fighter, version of Yak-1)
* Yak-8 (1944 - transport, improved Yak-6)
* Yak-9 (1944 - WWII fighter, improved Yak-1)
* Yak-10 (liaison)
* Yak-11 (1948 - Trainer)
* Yak-12 (1947 - liaison, general purpose)
* Yak-13 (improved Yak-10, prototype only)
* Yak-14 (1948 - military transport glider)
* Yak-15 (1946 - first successful Soviet jet fighter)
* Yak-16 (1947 - civilian transport)
* Yak-17 (1947 - fighter)
* Yak-18 (1946 tandem two-seat military primary trainer)
* Yak-18T (1970s 4 seat aerobatic trainer)
* Yak-19 (1947 - fighter)
* Yak-23 (1947 fighter)
* Yak-EG (1947 experimental helicopter)
* Yak-24 (1952 transport helicopter)
* Yak-25 (1947 fighter prototype, designation reused)
* Yak-25 (1952 interceptor)
* Yak-25RV (1950s reconnaissance)
* Yak-26 (1956 tactical bomber)
* Yak-27 (1958 reconnaissance)
* Yak-28 (1958 multi-role bomber)
* Yak-28P (1965-66 interceptor)
* Yak-28U (trainer)
* Yak-30 (1948 interceptor prototype)
* Yak-30 (1960 trainer, designation reused)
* Yak-32 (trainer, single-seat version of Yak-30)
* Yak-36 (demonstration VTOL jet)
* Yak-38 (1971 V/STOL shipborne fighter)
* Yak-40 (1968 commercial passenger)
* Yak-41 (intended production version of Yak-141)
* Yak-42 (1980 commercial passenger)
* Yak-43 (projected upgraded Yak-41)
* Yak-44 (1980s carrier-capable airborne early warning)
* Yak-46 (1990s failed push prop design)
* Yak-48 (1990s proposed commercial passenger)
* Yak-50 (1949 fighter prototype, designation reused)
* Yak-50 (1975 aerobatic aircraft)
* Yak-52 (1990s - aerobatic and military trainer)
* Yak-54 (1993 - sport)
* Yak-55 (1982 - aerobatic)
* Yak-56
* Yak-112 (1990s - general purpose)
* Yak-130 (1996 - trainer)
* Yak-141 (1987 - first supersonic VTOL fighter in the World)
* "Pchela" ("bee") (1990s unmanned reconnaissance aircraft)

ee also

* Alexander Sergeevich Yakovlev
* Saratov Aviation Plant
* List of military aircraft of the Soviet Union and the CIS

References


* A book by A.T.Stepanets. "Yak Fighters in WWII" [ISBN 5-217-01192-0] (in Russian)
* Степанец А.Т.- Истребители "Як" периода Великой Отечественной войны. Справочник. - М.: Машиностроение, 1992. - 224 с.: ил:

External links

* http://www.aviation.ru/Yak/
* http://www.yak.ru click on ENG for English.
* http://www.yak-54.com/ Yakovlev Aircraft of USA.


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