- Sparrow Hills
Sparrow Hills ( _ru. Воробьёвы го́ры, in
1935– 1999: Lenin Hills, _ru. Ле́нинские го́ры) is a hillon the right bank of the Moscow Riverand one of highest points in Moscowwith an altitude up to 220 m (60–70 m above the riverlevel).
The observation platform, which gives a good panoramic view of the city, is situated on a steep bank 85 m above the river (200 m above the sea level). The
Luzhniki Stadium(formerly, the Lenin Stadium), where the opening and closing ceremony for the 1980 Summer Olympicstook place, is right below across the Moskva River. Next to it is the beautiful Novodevichy Convent, with its Naryshkin Baroquetowers.
Not far from the observation platform is the famous
Luzhniki Metro Bridge(known to Muscovites as "Metromost"). The two-level Metro-Bridge traverses the river to link Komsomolsky Prospekt with Vernadsky Prospekt. It serves two urban transport systems: motor vehicles and the Moscow Metro(subway). The glass-walled subway station " Vorobyovy Gory" (translates as "Sparrows' Hills") is located at the lower level of the bridge.
The hills, immortalized by many Russian poets and writers, are thought to have been named after the village Vorobyovo which was acquired by Grand Duchess
Sophia Vitovtovna( Vitovt's only daughter) from the priest Vorobey ("Sparrow") in 1451. Alexander I of Russiawished to build the Cathedral of Christ the Saviourthere; his successor had construction works suspended and the cathedral was eventually erected in the proximity of the Kremlin. Nowadays the main landmarks of the hills are the Moscow State University(formerly the tallest building in Europe) and the Trinity Church(1811).
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?q=moscow&ll=55.711519,37.549982&spn=0.010178,0.042572&t=k&om=1 Satellite picture by Google maps]
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