White team

White team

The White Team was the Mission Control shift team under the direction of former NASA flight director Gene Kranz, who served as a flight director between 1965 and 1972. The shift colors, used by all NASA flight directors since Mercury 9, are chosen by newly christened flight directors and are retired when that particular flight director leaves the console for the last time, usually when he or she is promoted to senior NASA management positions.

Colors for the NASA flight controllers used between Mercury 9 and STS-1 are as follows:


Project Mercury

* Chris Kraft--RED
* John Hodge--BLUE

Project Gemini

* Chris Kraft--RED (Gemini 3 to 76)
* Gene Kranz--WHITE (Gemini 4 to 9)
* John Hodge--BLUE (Gemini 4 to 8)
* Glynn Lunney--BLACK (Gemini 9 to 12)
* Cliff Charlesworth--GREEN (Gemini 9 to 12)

Project Apollo (including Skylab & Apollo-Soyuz)

* Chris Kraft--RED (Apollo 1--never flown)
* Gene Kranz--WHITE (Apollo 1, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 16, 17)
* John Hodge--BLUE (Apollo 1)
* Glynn Lunney--BLACK (Apollo 7 to 14)
* Cliff Charlesworth--GREEN (Apollo 7 to 12)
* Gerry Griffin--GOLD (Apollo 7 to 17)
* Milt Windler--MAROON (Apollo 10 to 17)
* Pete Frank--ORANGE (Apollo 9, 10, 12, 14, 16, 17 )
* Don Puddy--CRIMSON (Apollo 17, Skylab, and ASTP)
* Charles Lewis--BRONZE (Apollo 17, Skylab, and ASTP)
* Neil Hutchinson--SILVER (Apollo 17, Skylab, and ASTP)
* Phil Shaffer--PURPLE (Apollo 17, Skylab, and ASTP)

Space Shuttle

* Don Puddy--CRIMSON (STS-1)


* Kranz, Eugene "Failure Is Not An Option"

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