- Job creation program
Job Creation Programs are programs or projects undertaken by a government of a nation to assist unemployed members of the population in securing employment. A cornerstone of Keynesian economics, they are especially common during time of high unemployment. They may either concentrate on macroeconomic policy in order to increase the supply of jobs, or create more efficient means to pair employment seekers with their prospective employers.
Canada has many job creation programs at both the federal and provincial levels. At the federal level they are part of Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC). There are job creation programs for many groups such as students, fishers, and visible minorities. The government's HRDC agency subsidizes organizations that offer eligible participants opportunities to maintain or enhance job skills. Through these work terms, which can last up to a year, participants gain recent work experience and network with other people. This increases the participants' chances of finding long-term employment.
As one of the world's largest recipients of FDI, China has arguably benefited from foreign multinational enterprises in various respects. However, one of the main challenges for China is job-creation, and the effect of FDI on job creation is uncertain. The effect depends on the amount of jobs created within foreign firms as well as the effect of FDI on job creation in domestic firms. The positive effect of job creation in foreign firms is associated with their firm characteristics and, in particular, their access to export markets. There also seems to be a positive indirect effect on job creation in domestically owned firms, presumably caused by spillovers.
Although Adolf Hitler in the early 1930s saw the construction of autobahns primarily as a military advantage, construction of the Autobahn system provided employment for the masses affected by the crisis of the Weimar Republic. The construction of the Autobahn had a side benefit of creating a new tourist industry.
The first large scale job creation programs in the United States were introduced as part of the New Deal during the Great Depression. Departments like the Civil Works Administration, Public Works Administration, Civilian Conservation Corps and most prominently the Works Progress Administration created thousands of jobs for the unemployed. In 2011 President Barack Obama, in an opening bid for re-election discussed using innovation economics as the basis for his jobs creation program.
- ^ "Tourist Aspects of the German Autobahn Project 1933 to 1939". University of Kassell. 2006. http://www.ibwl.uni-kassel.de/vahrenkamp/history_mobility/arbeitspapiere/WP4_Tourism_Vahrenkamp3.pdf. Retrieved 2009-12-03.
- Schumpeter, J.A., Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy (New York: Harper, 1942)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Job guarantee — The Job Guarantee (JG) is an economic policy proposal aimed at providing a sustainable solution to the dual problems of inflation and unemployment. Its aim is to create full employment and price stability. The economic policy stance currently… … Wikipedia
job — ▪ I. job job 1 [dʒɒb ǁ dʒɑːb] noun [countable] 1. JOBS the regular paid work that you do for an employer: • What job do you do? • I ve applied for a job with the BBC. • 1,200 employees could lose their jobs … Financial and business terms
New Markets Tax Credit Program — Part of a series on Taxation Taxation in the United States … Wikipedia
TM-Sidhi program — The TM Sidhi program is a form of meditation introduced by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi in 1975. It is based on, and described as a natural extension of the Transcendental Meditation technique (TM). The purpose of the TM Sidhi program is to… … Wikipedia
Congressional response to the NSA warrantless surveillance program — Congressional inquiries and investigations Three days after news broke about the Terrorist Surveillance Program, a bipartisan group of Senators Democrats Dianne Feinstein of California, Carl Levin of Michigan, Ron Wyden of Oregon and Republicans… … Wikipedia
Troubled Asset Relief Program — TARP redirects here. For other uses, see Tarp. This article is about the Treasury fund. For the legislative bill and subsequent law, see Public Law 110 343. For the legislative history and the events leading to the law, see Emergency Economic… … Wikipedia
Nightline (US news program) — Infobox Television show name = Nightline format = News runtime = 31 minutes creator = Roone Arledge starring = Cynthia McFadden Terry Moran Martin Bashir Chris Bury country = USA network = ABC slogan = For a Brighter Take on the Day. num episodes … Wikipedia
Combined Action Program — Seal of the Combined Action Program Active 1965–1971 Country … Wikipedia
The Old Negro Space Program — NASSA Lineup Directed by Andy Bobrow Written by Andy Bobrow … Wikipedia
Mehdi Sahraian — (Persian: Sahraeian,[clarification needed] Persian: صحرائیان) (born July 1946 in Shiraz) is an Iranian university professor from Jahrom. Sahraian’s paternal line had been raised to the ranks of the Persian nobility of the 19th century. The great… … Wikipedia