Treaty of Paris (1814)


Treaty of Paris (1814)

The Treaty of Paris, signed on 30 May, 1814, ended the war between France and the Sixth Coalition.

The Treaty of Paris of 1814 was one of two which ended the wars of the Napoleonic era. It created a peace between several European nations, namely the United Kingdom, Russia, Austria, Sweden, Portugal and Prussia. [http://www.worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display.aspx?categoryid=21&entryid=309835&searchtext=treaty+of+paris+1814&type=simple&option=all]

Terms of the Treaty

The treaty reapportioned several territories amongst various countries. Most notably, France retained all of the territory which it possessed as of January 1, 1792, and also was returned the territories lost to Britain during the war. The only exceptions to this were Tobago, St. Lucia, and Mauritius. The treaty also reinstated the House of Bourbon Monarchy, in the manifestation of Louis XVIII.The treaty also aimed to abolish the French slave trade, but not slavery, over a five year period. The Treaty also granted independence to Switzerland. [ [http://www.britannica.com/eb/topic-443733/Treaties-of-Paris Treaties of Paris (1814-1815) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia ] ]

Effect and Aftermath

Several powers, despite the peaceful intentions of the Treaty, still feared a reassertion of the French Monarchy. With this in mind, the territories strengthened themselves for protection. The House of Orange, which united Belgium and the Netherlands, was created to unify and strengthen the two aforementioned countries. Germany, and other countries, were to be divided into several internal states. Italy itself was to be divided into separate entities, and Switzerland was granted independence.

References

ee also

*Napoleonic Wars
*Congress of Vienna
*Treaty of Fontainebleau
*Treaty of Paris (1815)


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