- USS Ohio (BB-12)
Her keel was laid down 22 April 1899 by
Union Iron Works, San Francisco, California. She was launched 18 May 1901 sponsored by Miss Helen Deschler, President and Mrs. William Mc Kinley attended the ceremony. "Ohio" commissioned 4 October 1904 with Captain Leavitt C. Logan in command.
Designated flagship of the
Asiatic Fleet, "Ohio" departed San Francisco1 April 1905 for Manila, where she embarked the party of then Secretary of War William Howard Taft, which included Miss Alice Roosevelt, the President's daughter. She conducted this party on much of its Far Eastern tour of inspection, and continued the cruise in Japanese, Chinese, and Philippine waters until returning to the United States in 1907. Also aboard for this cruise as Midshipman -- later to receive promotion to Fleet Admiral -- Chester Nimitz.
"Ohio" sailed out of
Hampton Roadson 16 December 1907 with the battleships of the Atlantic Fleet. Guns crashed a salute to President Theodore Rooseveltwhile he reviewed the Great White Fleetas it began the cruise around the world which, perhaps more than any other single event, marked the emergence of the United States as a major world power.
Commanded by Rear Admiral Robley D. Evans, and later, Rear Admiral Charles S. Sperry, the fleet made calls on the east and west coasts of
South America, rounding the Horn in between, en route to San Francisco. On 7 July 1908, "Ohio" and her sisters shaped their course west to Hawaii, New Zealand, and Australia. On each visit the American ships were welcomed with great enthusiasm but none of their ports of call received them with such enthusiastic friendliness as Tokyo, Japan, where they anchored 18 October. The fleet's presence in Japan symbolized both American friendship and strength and helped to ease dangerously strained relations between the two countries.
The fleet put in at Amoy, returned to Yokohama, held target practice in the Philippines and was homeward-bound 1 December. After steaming through the
Suez Canal4 January 1909, the fleet made Mediterranean calls, before anchoring in Hampton Roads 22 February.
"Ohio" sailed on to New York, her home port for the next four years during duty training men of the New York Naval Militia and performing general service with the Atlantic Fleet.
In 1914 she sailed to the
Gulf of Mexicoto join in the patrol off Veracruz, protecting American interests endangered by Mexican political turmoil. "Ohio" returned north in the summer for a United States Naval Academymidshipmen cruise, then joined the Reserve Fleet at Philadelphia, recommissioning for each of the next two summers' midshipmen cruises, 1915 and 1916.
Soon after the United States entered
World War I"Ohio" recommissioned on 24 April 1917. Throughout the war, she operated out of Norfolk, training crews for the expanding fleet, taking part in battleship maneuvers. She arrived at Philadelphia 28 November 1918; was placed in reserve there 7 January 1919; decommissioned 31 May 1922; and was sold for scrapping 24 March 1923.
Alden, John D. "American Steel Navy: A Photographic History of the U.S. Navy from the Introduction of the Steel Hull in 1883 to the Cruise of the Great White Fleet." Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989. ISBN 0870212486
Friedman, Norman. "U.S. Battleships: An Illustrated Design History." Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1985. ISBN 0870217151
Reilly, John C. and Robert L. Scheina. "American Battleships 1996-1923: Predreadnought Design and Construction." Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1980. ISBN 0870215248
* [http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-usn/usnsh-o/bb12.htm NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER USS Ohio (Battleship # 12, later BB-12), 1904-1923]
* [http://www.maritimequest.com/warship_directory/us_navy_pages/uss_ohio_bb12.htm Maritimequest USS Ohio BB-12 Photo Gallery]
* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/01/12a.htm NavSource Online: Battleship Photo Archive BB-12 USS OHIO 1899 - 1909]
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