List of Indigenous people of the Americas


List of Indigenous people of the Americas

This is a list of famous Indigenous peoples of the Americas.

North America

In Canada

::Generally referred to as Aboriginal peoples in Canada when looking at the First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples collectively.

See List of First Nations people.

In the United States

See List of Native Americans

In Mexico

"This issue is complicated because a great majority of Mexicans are mestizos and therefore being part Native is not unusual as in Canada or the US. The list only include indigenous proper and mestizos with an indigenous parent. This list also includes a few Pre-Columbian figures considered remarkable in the history and culture of Mexico."

*Ignacio Manuel Altamirano, writer, journalist and politician (Nahua)
*Cuauhtémoc, last (Aztec) Tlatoani
*Cuitláhuac, penultimate (Aztec) Tlatoani
*Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin, Catholic Saint Chichimeca)
*Porfirio Díaz, President (Mixtec mother)
*Lila Downs, singer (Mixtec mother)
*Emilio Fernández, film director, actor (Kickapoo mother)
*Victoriano Huerta, President (Huichol mother)
*Benito Juárez, President (Zapotec)
*La Malinche, translator of conquistador Hernán Cortés
*Moctezuma II, (Aztec) Tlatoani at the beginning of the Spanish Conquest of Mexico
*Nezahualcóyotl, Tlatoani of Texcoco and poet in Nahuatl language
*Comandante Ramona, EZLN leader (Tzotzil)
*María Sabina, shaman (Mazatec)
*Comandante Tacho, EZLN leader (Tojolabal)

In Guatemala

*Miguel Ángel Asturias, novelist, Nobel prize winner in literature
*Rigoberta Menchú Tum, activist, Nobel prize winner in peace (Quiché)

In the Caribbean

*Agueybana - "supreme cacique" in Puerto Rico
*Hatuey (Taíno)

In South America

In Bolivia

*Evo Morales - politician, president of Bolivia

In Colombia

*Quintín Lame-Politician

In Peru

*Tupac Amaru-Military figure
*Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, writer
*The Incas-In one sense it is a term for the leaders of the Empire
*Yma Sumac-Singer (Somewhat disputed Inca ancestry)
*Alejandro Toledo-President

In Chile

*Elicura Chihuailaf-Mapuche poet

Footnotes


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