Leonid Kantorovich


Leonid Kantorovich

Infobox Scientist
name = Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich


image_size = 180px
caption = Leonid V. Kantorovich
birth_date = Birth date|1912|1|19
birth_place = Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
death_date = Death date and age|1986|4|7|1912|1|19
death_place = Moscow, Russia USSR
nationality = Soviet Russia
field = Mathematics
work_institution = Institute of National Economic Planning 1971-76 USSR Academy of Sciences 1961-71 Leningrad State University 1934-60
alma_mater = Leningrad State University
thesis =
doctoral_advisor = Grigorii Fichtengolz
doctoral_students =
known_for = Linear programming
prizes = Nobel Prize in Economics (1975)
footnotes =

Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich (January 19, 1912 in Saint Petersburgndash April 7, 1986 in Moscow) ( _ru. Леонид Витальевич Канторович) was a Soviet/Russian mathematician and economist. He is famous for his theory and development of techniques for the optimal allocation of resources. He was the winner of the Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel in 1975 and the only winner of this prize from the USSR.

Kantorovich worked for the Soviet government. He was given the task of optimizing production in a plywood industry. He came up (1939) with the mathematical technique now known as linear programming, some years before it was reinvented and much advanced by George Dantzig. He authored several books including "The Mathematical Method of Production Planning and Organization" and "The Best Uses of Economic Resources".

The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences, which he shared with Tjalling Koopmans, was given "for their contributions to the theory of optimal allocation of resources."

References

* V. Makarov (1987). "Kantorovich, Leonid Vitaliyevich" "", v. 3, pp. 14-15.

ee also

*List of economists

External links

* [http://www.nobel-winners.com/Economics/leonid_vitalyevich_kantorovich.html Leonid Kantorovich] (with a small photo)
* [http://www.geocities.com/gfh_axds_as/zax/kantorovich-lecture.html contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources.]
* [http://www.geocities.com/gfh_axds_as/zax/koopmans-lecture.pdf koopmans lecture - pdf]
*MacTutor|id=Kantorovich (With additional photos.)
*MathGenealogy|id=58665
*ru icon [http://math.nsc.ru/LBRT/u2/nauka/kant.html Biography on the homepage of Sobolev Institute of Mathematics] , in Russian
*ru icon [http://www.mmonline.ru/articles.php?mid=1893 mmonline.ru] "On Leonid Kantorovich and linear programming" (in Russian), by Anatoly Vershik
* [http://ideas.repec.org/e/pka32.html IDEAS/RePEc]


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