Alpine Chough


Alpine Chough

Taxobox
name = Alpine Chough
status = LC
status_system = iucn3.1



image_width = 250px
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Passeriformes
familia = Corvidae
genus = "Pyrrhocorax"
species = "P. graculus"
binomial = "Pyrrhocorax graculus"
binomial_authority = (Linnaeus, 1766)
The Alpine Chough ("Pyrrhocorax graculus"), also called Yellow-billed Chough (pronEng|ˈtʃʌf) is a Eurasian member of the crow family, Corvidae.

It breeds locally in the highest mountains of southern Europe, the Alps, across central Asia and India. It is resident throughout its range. A prehistoric subspecies that lived in Europe during the last ice age was described as "Pyrrhocorax graculus vetus".

Though by no means rare, it has disappeared in recent centuries from some areas at the periphery of its range, for example the Polish Tatra Mountains (Tomek & Bocheński 2005). Given that it readily coexists with humans and utilizes modified habitat such as areas around ski resorts, local declines might be better explained by habitat loss due to global warming which would cause the preferred Alpine climate zone to shift or, dependent on the locality, disappear entirely, than by direct destruction of habitat.

It is closely related to the Red-billed Chough ("Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax") and shares its glossy black plumage and red legs. However, the Alpine Chough's long curved bill is yellow rather than red.

It is slightly smaller at 36-39 cm length and a 65-74 cm wingspan, but has a relatively longer tail and shorter wings. It has a similar buoyant and easy flight.

This bird is often gregarious and fearless. Its loud "zrrrrr" call is quite different from that of the Red-billed Chough (Laiolo "et al." 2004).

Its food consists of insects in summer and berries or food scraps, especially around ski resorts, in winter. A cavity or cliff ledge is a site for the bird's nest.

References

* Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern

* Laiolo, Paola; Rolando, Antonio; Delestrade, Anne & De Sanctis, Augusto (2004): Vocalizations and morphology: interpreting the divergence among populations of Chough "Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax" and Alpine Chough "P. graculus". "Bird Study" 51(3): 248–255. [http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bto/bird/2004/00000051/00000003/art00008 HTML abstract]

* Tomek, Teresa & Bocheński, Zygmunt (2005): Weichselian and Holocene bird remains from Komarowa Cave, Central Poland. "Acta zoologica cracoviensia" 48A(1-2): 43-65. [http://www.ingentaconnect.com/search/download?pub=infobike%3a%2f%2fisez%2fazc%2f2005%2f00000048%2fF0020001%2fart00005&mimetype=application%2fpdf PDF fulltext]

External links

* [http://ibc.hbw.com/ibc/phtml/especie.phtml?idEspecie=8268 Alpine Chough videos] on the Internet Bird Collection


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alpine chough — Chough Chough, n. [OE. choughe, kowe (and cf. OE. ca), fr. AS. ce[ o]; cf. also D. kauw, OHG. ch[=a]ha; perh. akin to E. caw. [root]22. Cf. {Caddow}.] (Zo[ o]l.) A bird of the Crow family ({Fregilus graculus}) of Europe. It is of a black color,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • alpine chough — noun : a small yellow billed chough (Pyrrhocorax graculus) of mountainous parts of Europe …   Useful english dictionary

  • alpine chough — noun /ˈalpaɪnˈtʃʌf/ A crow, Pyrrhocorax graculus, that breeds locally in the highest mountains of southern Europe, the Alps, across central Asia and India …   Wiktionary

  • Chough — In the Bernese Alps, Switzerland Scientific classification Kingdom: A …   Wikipedia

  • Chough — Chough, n. [OE. choughe, kowe (and cf. OE. ca), fr. AS. ce[ o]; cf. also D. kauw, OHG. ch[=a]ha; perh. akin to E. caw. [root]22. Cf. {Caddow}.] (Zo[ o]l.) A bird of the Crow family ({Fregilus graculus}) of Europe. It is of a black color, with a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chough — /tʃʌf / (say chuf) noun 1. either of two glossy black corvine birds, the red billed chough, Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax, and the yellow billed chough, or Alpine chough, P. graculus, of Eurasia and north western Africa. 2. white winged chough, a sooty …   Australian English dictionary

  • chough — /chuf/, n. any of several crowlike Old World birds, esp. Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax, of Europe. [1275 1325; ME choghe; akin to OE ceo, D kauw, Dan kaa] * * * ▪ bird  any of three crowlike birds with down curved bills. In the family Corvidae (q.v.;… …   Universalium

  • chough — alpinės kuosos statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Pyrrhocorax angl. chough rus. альпийская галка, f pranc. chocard, m; crave, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – varniniai siauresnis terminas – geltonsnapė alpinė kuosa siauresnis …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Cornish chough — Chough Chough, n. [OE. choughe, kowe (and cf. OE. ca), fr. AS. ce[ o]; cf. also D. kauw, OHG. ch[=a]ha; perh. akin to E. caw. [root]22. Cf. {Caddow}.] (Zo[ o]l.) A bird of the Crow family ({Fregilus graculus}) of Europe. It is of a black color,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cornish chough — Chough Chough, n. [OE. choughe, kowe (and cf. OE. ca), fr. AS. ce[ o]; cf. also D. kauw, OHG. ch[=a]ha; perh. akin to E. caw. [root]22. Cf. {Caddow}.] (Zo[ o]l.) A bird of the Crow family ({Fregilus graculus}) of Europe. It is of a black color,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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