Moss Vale, New South Wales


Moss Vale, New South Wales
Moss Vale
New South Wales
Moss Vale Leighton Gardens.jpg
Moss Vale is located in New South Wales
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Moss Vale
Population: 7,339 (2006 Census)[1]
Established: 1861
Postcode: 2577
Location: 122 km (76 mi) from Sydney
LGA: Wingecarribee Shire
Region: Southern Highlands
County: Camden
Parish: Bong Bong
State District: Goulburn
Federal Division: Throsby (as of 2006 redistribution)
Localities around Moss Vale:
Berrima Burradoo Bong Bong
Belanglo Moss Vale Calwalla
Sutton Forest Werai Manchester Square
Yarrunga

Moss Vale is a town in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in Wingecarribee Shire. It has a population of 7,339[1] and is sited on the Illawarra Highway, which connects to Wollongong and the Illawarra coast via Macquarie Pass. The town is colloquially known as Mossy.

There are several CityRail and CountryLink services a day on the Southern Highlands railway line serving Moss Vale station. Moss Vale is the junction of the Unanderra - Moss Vale railway line to Wollongong, opened in 1932, but now only used by freight trains.

Moss Vale has several heritage buildings. In the centre of the main street is Leighton Gardens.

Moss Vale is believed to have fertile soil and good precipitation. Agricultural rural holdings in the area specialise in dairy herds, mainly Holstein Frisian, and there are an assortment of beef studs and sheep properties. The town has a commercial district and a golf course.

The Wingecarribee Shire Chambers are located here.

Contents

History

Clock tower in main street

Moss Vale area was once occupied by the Tharawal people, though they had disappeared by the 1870s, partly due to the loss of their hunting land to European settlers. Governor Hunter sent a party led by ex-convict John Wilson to investigate the area in 1798. Various others explored the area up to 1815, including John Warby, George Caley, Hamilton Hume and John Oxley. Hume, Charles Throsby and Joseph Wild explored the area west of Sutton Forest in 1817 and in 1818, together with James Meehan, they explored the area between Moss Vale and Jervis Bay. Governor Macquarie granted Throsby 1,000 acres (4.0 km2), known as Throsby Park, at Bong Bong, on the northeastern outskirts of Moss Vale and put him in charge of building the Old Argyle Road from Sydney to Goulburn in 1819. This road was replaced in the 1830s by a more direct road via Berrima surveyed by Thomas Mitchell and most of the population of Bong Bong moved to Berrima.[2] The heritage-listed property of Throsby Park house was built about 1834, six years after Throsby's suicide.[3]

The area, which was considered to be part of Sutton Forest, remained rural until the coming of the railway. Subdivision of part of Throsby Park for the town of Moss Vale, named after Jemmy Moss, a herdsman at Throsby Park, commenced in 1864, in anticipation of the opening of Sutton Forest railway station in 1867 at the intersection with Old Argyle Road. Governor Belmore rented Throsby Park from 1870 to 1872 to what is commonly believed to escape the summer heat of Sydney.[4] The railway and the Robertson Land Acts encouraged denser settlement by selectors in the Southern Highlands and led to the growth of Moss Vale as a town.[5] In 1877 Sutton Forest railway station was renamed Moss Vale.

Industry

Moss Vale holds a large part of the Southern Highlands Industry - as well as being a minor centre for agriculture, many light and medium industries are found in and around Moss Vale, including a James Hardie plant, a Harper Collins book distribution centre, and other manufacturing industries. Despite Moss Vale's prowess as an industrial centre, nearby Bowral is the commercial heart of the Southern Highlands.

School

Schools in Moss Vale:

Churches

Churches in Moss Vale:

  • St. John's Anglican Church
  • St. Paul's Roman Catholic Church
  • Moss Vale Jehovah's Witnesses Hall
  • Moss Vale Christian Centre
  • Onelife Community Church (Evangelism)
  • St. Andrews Presbyterian Church
  • Moss Vale Uniting Church of Australia
  • Southlands Christian Church (AOG/ACC)

Sport

Sporting teams in Moss Vale:

  • Moss Vale Hockey Club
  • Moss Vale Dragons Rugby League Club
  • Moss Vale Dragonflies Netball Club
  • Moss Vale Soccer Club (Highlands Soccer Association or hsa for short )
  • Moss Vale Cricket Club
  • Moss Vale Rifle Club

Notable residents

External links

References

Coordinates: 34°33′S 150°22.5′E / 34.55°S 150.375°E / -34.55; 150.375


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