- 32nd century BC
3150 BC— According to the legend, Narmer( First Dynasty) started to rule in Ancient Egypt.
3125 BC— Narmerdied.
29 June 3123 BC— An asteroidapproach on collision course is documented by a Sumerian astronomer (collision happened near modern Koefels, Austria) [ [http://www.physorg.com/news126183668.html Cuneiform clay tablet translated for the first time ] ]
Varna Necropolis: what have been claimed to be the earliest-known worked gold artifacts are manufactured.
Malta: Construction of the Ħaġar Qimmegalithic temples, featuring both solar and lunar alignments. "Tarxien period" of megalithic temple construction reaches its apex.
Ancient Egypt: Earliest known Egyptian hieroglyphs, beginning of the Early Dynastic Period.
Crete: Rise of Minoan civilization.
Neolithicsettlement built at Skara Braein the Orkney Islands, Scotland. (pictured)
New Stone Agepeople in Irelandbuild the 250,000 ton (226,796.2 tonne) Newgrangesolar oriented passage tomb.
Inventions, discoveries, introductions
3114 BC— According to the most widely-accepted correlations between the Western calendar and the calendar systems of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, the mythical starting point of the current Mesoamerican Long Count calendarcycle occurs in this year. [See Finley (2002), Houston (1989, pp.49–51), Miller and Taube (1993, pp.50–52), Schele and Freidel (1990, pp.430 "et seq."), Voss (2006, p.138), Wagner (2006, pp.281–283). Note that Houston 1989 mistakenly writes "3113 BC" (when "-3113" is meant), and Miller and Taube 1993's mention of "2 August" is a (presumed) erratum.] The Long Count calendar, used and refined most notably by the Maya civilizationbut also attested in some other (earlier) Mesoamerican cultures, consisted of a series of interlocked cycles or periods of day-counts, which mapped out a linear sequence of days from a notional starting point. The system originated sometime in the Mid- to Late Preclassic period of Mesoamerican chronology, during the latter half of the 1st millennium BC. [Miller and Taube (1993, p.50), Schele and Freidel (1990)] The starting point of the most commonly used highest-order cycle [Most commonly used in the Classic period Maya inscriptions; some other Maya calendarinscriptions of this period note even longer cycles, while later Postclassic-era inscriptions in Maya cities of northern Yucatán generally used an abbreviated form known as the Short Count. See Miller and Taube (1993, p.50); Voss (2006, p.138).] — the " b'ak'tun"-cycle consisting of thirteen b'ak'tuns of 144,000 days each — was projected back to an earlier, mythical date. This date is equivalent to 11 August 3114 BCin the proleptic Gregorian calendar(or 6 September in the proleptic Julian calendar), using the correlation known as the "Goodman-Martinéz-Thompson (GMT) correlation". The GMT-correlation is worked out with the Long Count starting date equivalent to the Julian Day Number(JDN) equal to 584283, and is accepted by most Mayanistscholars as providing the best fit with the ethnohistorical data.See survey by Finley (2002).] Two succeeding dates, the 12th and 13th of August (Gregorian) have also been supported, with the 13th (JDN = 584285, the "astronomical" or "Lounsbury" correlation) attracting significant support as according better with astronomical observational data. [ After a modified proposal championed by Floyd Lounsbury; sources that have used this 584285 correlation include Houston (1989, p.51), and in particular Schele and Freidel (1990, pp.430 "et seq."). See also commentary by Finley (2002), who although making an assessment that the " [584285 correlation] is now more popular with Mayanists", expresses a personal preference for the 584283 correlation.] Although it is still contended which of these three dates forms the actual starting base of the Long Count, the correlation to one of this triad of dates is definitively accepted by almost all contemporary Mayanists. All other earlier or later correlation proposals are now discounted.
3102 BC— Year 0 of the Kali Yugabegins.
3100 BC— the earliest phase of Stonehengeconstruction begins.
Decades and years
: cite web |author=Finley, Michael |year=2002 |title=The Correlation Question |work=The Real Maya Prophecies: Astronomy in the Inscriptions and Codices |url=http://members.shaw.ca/mjfinley/corr.html |publisher=Maya Astronomy |accessdate=2007-06-04 : cite book |author=Miller, Mary |authorlink=Mary Miller |coauthors=and
Karl Taube|year=1993 |title=The Gods and Symbols of Ancient Mexico and the Maya |publisher=Thames and Hudson |location=London |isbn=0-500-05068-6 : cite book |author=Schele, Linda |authorlink=Linda Schele |coauthors= and David Freidel |year=1990 |title=A Forest of Kings: The Untold Story of the Ancient Maya |publisher=William Morrow |location=New York |isbn=0-688-07456-1 : cite book |author=Voss, Alexander |year=2006 |chapter=Astronomy and Mathematics |pages=pp.130–143 |editor= Nikolai Grube(Ed.) |others=Eva Eggebrecht and Matthias Seidel (assistant eds.) |title=Maya: Divine Kings of the Rain Forest |location=Cologne |publisher=Könemann Press |isbn=3-8331-1957-8 |oclc=71165439: cite book |author=Wagner, Elizabeth |year=2006 |chapter=Maya Creation Myths and Cosmography |pages=pp.280–293 |editor= Nikolai Grube(ed.) |others=Eva Eggebrecht and Matthias Seidel (Assistant Eds.) |title=Maya: Divine Kings of the Rain Forest |location=Cologne |publisher=Könemann Press |isbn=3-8331-1957-8 |oclc=71165439
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
32nd Tony Awards — The 32nd Annual Tony Awards was broadcast by CBS television on June 4, 1978 from the Shubert Theatre in New York City. (This was the first time that CBS broadcast the ceremony, which had previously been shown on the ABC television network.)Thomas … Wikipedia
32nd G8 summit — Infobox G8 summit name = 32nd G8 summit year = 2006 caption = 32nd G8 Summit official logo country = Russia dates = July 15 – July 17,The 32nd summit of the G8 group of industrialised nations took place from July 15 to July 17, 2006 outside Saint … Wikipedia
Century Plaza Hotel — The Century Plaza Hotel in Century City, California, June 2008 The Hyatt Regency Century Plaza Hotel in Los Angeles is a landmark 19 story luxury hotel forming a sweeping crescent design fronting the spectacular fountains on Avenue of the Stars… … Wikipedia
20th century — For other uses, see 20th century (disambiguation). Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 19th century · 20th century · 21st century Decades: 1900s 1910s … Wikipedia
21st century — Millennium: 3rd millennium Centuries: 20th century · 21st century · 22nd century Decades: 2000s 2010s 2020s 2030s 2040s 2050s … Wikipedia
19th century — For other uses, see 19th century (disambiguation). Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 18th century · 19th century · 20th century Decades: 1800s 1810s 18 … Wikipedia
9th century — Millennium: 1st millennium Centuries: 8th century · 9th century · 10th century Decades: 800s 810s 820s 830s 840s 850s 8 … Wikipedia
13th century — Map of Eurasia circa 1200 C.E. Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 12th century · … Wikipedia
9th century BC — Millennium: 1st millennium BC Centuries: 10th century BC · 9th century BC · 8th century BC Decades: 890s BC 880s … Wikipedia
20th century in the United States — centurybox US cpa=19 cpb=th century c=20th century cn1=21st century The 20th century in United States history refers to the period in the United States from 1901 through 2000 in the Gregorian calendar.The 20th century is known as the American… … Wikipedia