- Lexical semantics
Lexical semantics is a subfield of linguistic
semantics. It is the study of how and what the words of a language denote (Pustejovsky, 1995). Words may either be taken to denote things in the world, or concepts, depending on the particular approach to lexical semantics.
The units of meaning in lexical semantics are
lexical units. One can continually add new lexical units throughout one's life, learning new words and their meanings. By contrast, one can only easily learn the grammatical rules of one's native language during a critical period when one is young.
Lexical semantics covers theories of the classification and decomposition of word meaning, the differences and similarities in lexical semantic structure between different languages, and the relationship of word meaning to sentence meaning and syntax.
One question that lexical semantics explores is whether the meaning of a lexical unit is established by looking at its neighbourhood in the
semantic net(by looking at the other words it occurs with in natural sentences), or if the meaning is already locally contained in the lexical unit. Another topic that is explored is the mapping of words to concepts. As tools, lexical relations like synonymy, antonymy (opposites), hyponymy and hypernymy are used in this field.
Lexical markup framework
* [http://www.csri.utoronto.ca/pub/gh/Edmonds-PhDthesis.pdf Philip Edmonds on near-synonyms] (Chapter 4.1 Lexical semantics)
* [http://dingo.sbs.arizona.edu/~hharley/courses/522/522Spring1999/LexSemBiblio.html Bibliography of linguistics papers dealing with lexical semantics]
* [http://www.eskimo.com/~ram/lexical_semantics.html "The Lexical Semantics of a Machine Translation Interlingua"] by Rick Morneau
*"Lexical Semantics" by D.A. Cruse. Cambridge University Press, 1986. ISBN 0-521-27643-8
* Pustejovsky, James, The
Generative Lexicon, 1995, MIT Press; presents a theory of lexical semantics.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
lexical semantics — noun the branch of semantics that studies the meanings and relations of words • Hypernyms: ↑semantics … Useful english dictionary
lexical semantics — noun The study of how the words of a language denote either things in the real world or concepts … Wiktionary
Lexical functional grammar — (LFG) is a grammar framework in theoretical linguistics, a variety of generative grammar. The development of the theory was initiated by Joan Bresnan and Ronald Kaplan in the 1970s, in reaction to the direction research in the area of… … Wikipedia
Lexical Markup Framework — (LMF) is a work in progress within International Organization for Standardization ISO/TC37 in order to define a common standardized framework for the construction of natural language processing (NLP) and machine readable dictionary (MRD) lexicons … Wikipedia
Lexical item — Lexical items are single words or words that are grouped in a language s lexicon. Examples are cat , traffic light , take care of , by the way , and don t count your chickens before they hatch . Lexical items are those which can be generally… … Wikipedia
Semantics — is the study of meaning in communication. The word derives from Greek σημαντικός ( semantikos ), significant , [cite web|url=http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2393797|title=Semantikos, Henry… … Wikipedia
semantics — semanticist /si man teuh sist/, semantician /see man tish euhn/, n. /si man tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. Ling. a. the study of meaning. b. the study of linguistic development by classifying and examining changes in meaning and form. 2.… … Universalium
Cognitive semantics — is part of the cognitive linguistics movement. The main tenets of cognitive semantics are, first, that grammar is conceptualisation; second, that conceptual structure is embodied and motivated by usage; and third, that the ability to use language … Wikipedia
Opposite (semantics) — In lexical semantics, opposites are words that lie in an inherently incompatible binary relationship as in the opposite pairs male : female, long : short, up : down, and precede : follow. The notion of incompatibility here… … Wikipedia
Conceptual semantics — is a framework for semantic analysis developed mainly by Ray Jackendoff. Its aim is to provide a characterization of the conceptual elements by which a person understands words and sentences, and thus to provide an explanatory semantic… … Wikipedia