Alexander Campbell Fraser


Alexander Campbell Fraser

Alexander Campbell Fraser (3 September 1819 - 2 December 1914) was a Scottish philosopher.

Born at Ardchattan, Argyll, he was educated at the universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh, where, from 1846 to 1856, he was professor of Logic at New College. He edited the "North British Review" from 1850 to 1857, and in 1856, having previously been a Free Church minister, he succeeded Sir William Hamilton as professor of Logic and Metaphysics at Edinburgh University. In 1859 he became dean of the faculty of arts.

He devoted himself to the study of English philosophers, especially George Berkeley, and published a "Collected Edition of the Works of Bishop Berkeley with Annotations, etc." (1871; enlarged 1901), a "Biography of Berkeley" (1881), an "Annotated Edition of Locke's Essay" (1894), the "Philosophy of Theism" (1896) and the "Biography of Thomas Reid" (1898). He contributed the article on John Locke to the Encyclopædia Britannica.

In 1904 he published an autobiography entitled "Biographia philosophica", in which he sketched the progress of his intellectual development. From this work and from his Gifford Lectures (1894-6) we learn objectively what had previously been inferred from his critical work. After a childhood spent in an austerity which stigmatized as unholy even the novels of Sir Walter Scott, he began his college career at the age of fourteen at a time when Christopher North and Dr Ritchie were lecturing on Moral Philosophy and Logic. His first philosophical advance was stimulated by Thomas Brown's "Cause and Effect", which introduced him to the problems which were to occupy his thought. From this point he fell into the scepticism of David Hume.

In 1831 Sir William Hamilton was appointed to the chair of Logic and Metaphysics, and Fraser became his pupil. He himself said "I owe more to Hamilton than to any other influence." It was about this time also that he began his study of Berkeley and Coleridge, and deserted his early phenomenalism for the conception of a spiritual will as the universal cause. In the "Biographia" this "Theistic faith" appears in its full developmeni (see the concluding chapter), and is especially important as perhaps the nearest approach to Kantian ethics made by original English philosophy. Apart from the philosophical interest of the "Biographia", the work contains valuable pictures of the Lam of Lorne and Argyllshire society in the early 19th century, of university life in Glasgow and Edinburgh, and a history of the "North British Review".

External links

* [http://www.giffordlectures.org/Author.asp?AuthorID=66 Fraser's Gifford Lectures on "Philosophy of Theism"]

*1911


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alexander Campbell — Alexander Campbell, or Alec ... or Alex Campbell, may refer to:Canadian politicians: *Alexander Campbell (Upper Canada politician) (1770 1834) *Alexander Campbell (Canadian politician) (styled Sir, 1822 1892), legislator, minister, Lieutenant… …   Wikipedia

  • FRASER, ALEXANDER CAMPBELL —    philosopher, born at Ardchattan, Argyllshire; after a university training at Edinburgh and Glasgow he entered the Free Church; was for a brief term Free Church minister of Cramond, from which he was transferred to a chair in the Free Church… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Fraser, Alexander Campbell —    LL.D., D.C.L. (b. 1819)    Philosopher. Essays in Philosophy (1846 56), Collected Works of Bishop Berkeley, annotated (1871), Life and Letters of Berkeley (1871), Locke s Essay on the Human Understanding with Prolegomena, etc. (1894),… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Fraser (Familienname) — Fraser ist ein Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fraser (surname) — Family name name= Fraser imagesize= 200 px caption= pronunciation = meaning = region = origin = Scottish related names = footnotes = Fraser is a surname, of Scottish origin (see Clan Fraser), and may refer to many people.compactTOC. A* Alex… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Fraser — may refer to: *Alexander Fraser of Touchfraser and Cowie, died by 1332 AD *Alexander Fraser (Upper Canada politician) (1786–1853), a soldier and political figure in Upper Canada and Canada West *Alexander Fraser (1729–1799), a soldier and… …   Wikipedia

  • Fraser — (spr. frēser), 1) Alexander Campbell, schott. Philosoph, geb. 3. Sept. 1819 zu Ardchattan Manse (Grafschaft Argyll), studierte in Edinburg und wurde 1846 Dozent der Philosophie am New College daselbst. 1850–57 war er Herausgeber der »North… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Alexander Duncan McRae — Alexander Duncan McRae, C.B., (November 17, 1874 in Glencoe, Ontario – June 26, 1946, Ottawa, Ontario) was a successful businessman, a Major General in the Canadian Army in First World War, a Member of Parliament, a Canadian Senator and a farmer …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Leslie, 1. Earl of Leven — Alexander Leslie Alexander Leslie, 1. Earl of Leven (* etwa 1580; † 4. April 1661) war ein schottischer Soldat, von 1605 bis 1638 in schwedischen Diensten. In dieser Zeit stieg er dort zum Feldmarschall auf. Er war der Sohn von Hauptmann George… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander of Islay, Earl of Ross — Infobox Monarch | name = Alexander de Yle (Alasdair MacDomhnaill) title = Earl of Ross and Lord of the Isles caption = The seal of Alexander. It includes his arms, which contains the arms of the Lordship of the Isles and the Earldom of Ross,… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.