- Shawnee language
The Shawnee language is a Central Algonquian language spoken in parts of central and northeastern
Oklahomaby only around 200 Shawnee, making it very endangered. It was originally spoken in Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky, and Pennsylvania. It is closely related to the other Algonquian languages Mesquakie-Sauk (Sac and Fox) and Kickapoo.
Stress in Shawnee falls on the final syllable of a word.
Shawnee has four short vowels, IPA|/i e a o/ (where IPA|/i/ and IPA|/e/ are phonetically IPA| [ɪ] and IPA| [ɛ] ) and four long vowels, IPA|/iː eː aː oː/.
Some speakers of Shawnee pronounce /ɕ/ more like an alveolar /s/. This pronunciation is especially common among
Loyal Band Shawneespeakers near Vinita, Oklahoma.
Shawnee shares many grammatical features with other Algonquian languages. There are two third persons,
proximateand obviative, and two noun classes (or genders), animate and inanimate. It is primarily agglutinating typologically, and is polysynthetic, resulting in a great deal of information being encoded on the verb. The most common word order is Verb-Subject.
* [http://www.fantasy-epublications.com/shawnee-traditions/Language/Language.html Shawnee Language]
* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=sjw Ethnologue Report for Shawnee]
* [http://www.shawnee-bluejacket.com/shawnee/Gatschet_Shawnee_MS_615.htm Albert Gatschet's notes on the Shawnee language]
*Alford, Thomas Wildcat. 1929. "The Four Gospels of Our Lord Jesus Christ in Shawnee Indian Language". Xenia, Ohio: Dr. W. A. Galloway.
*Andrews, Kenneth. 1994. "Shawnee Grammar". Unpublished Dissertation, University of South Carolina, Columbia.
*Costa, David J. 2001. "Shawnee Noun Plurals". Anthropological Linguistics 43: 255-287.
*Costa, David J. 2002. "Preverb Usage in Shawnee Narratives". In H. C. Wolfart, ed., Papers of the 33rd Algonquian Conference, 120-161. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba.
*Voegelin, Carl F. 1935. "Shawnee Phonemes". Language 11: 23-37.
*Voegelin, Carl F. 1936. "Productive Paradigms in Shawnee".
Robert H. Lowie, ed., Essays in Anthropology presented to A. L. Kroeber 391-403. Berkeley: University of California Press.
*Voegelin, Carl F. 1938-40. "Shawnee Stems and the Jacob P. Dunn Miami Dictionary". Indiana Historical Society Prehistory Research Series 1: 63-108, 135-167, 289-323, 345-406, 409-478 (1938-1940). Indianapolis.
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Shawnee (langue) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Shawnee. Shawnee Parlée aux États Unis … Wikipédia en Français
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Shawnee — /ʃɔˈni/ (say shaw nee) noun 1. a Native American people formerly living along the Tennessee River. 2. (plural Shawnee or Shawnees) a member of this people. 3. the Algonquian language of this people. –adjective 4. of or relating to this people or… … Australian English dictionary
Shawnee — I. noun (plural Shawnee or Shawnees) Etymology: back formation from obsolete English Shawnese, ultimately from Shawnee ša•wano•ki, literally, southerners Date: 1728 1. a member of an American Indian people originally of the central Ohio valley 2 … New Collegiate Dictionary