- Foreign relations of Oman
Qaboos bin Said Al Saidassumed power in 1970, Omanhad limited contacts with the outside world, including neighbouring Arab states. A total of 14 countries maintained diplomatic presence in the country: Bangladesh, Brunei, the People's Republic of China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Malaysia, Netherlands, Pakistan, Philippines, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States. A special treaty relationship permitted the United Kingdom close involvement in Oman's civil and military affairs. Ties with the United Kingdom have remained very close under Sultan Qaboos.
Since 1970, Oman has pursued a moderate foreign policy and expanded its diplomatic relations dramatically. It supported the 1979
Camp David accordsand was one of three Arab Leaguestates, along with Somaliaand Sudan, which did not break relations with Egypt after the signing of the Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treatyin 1979. During the Persian Gulfcrisis, Oman assisted the United Nationscoalition effort. Oman has developed close ties to its neighbors; it joined the six-member Gulf Cooperation Councilwhen it was established in 1980.
Oman has traditionally supported
Middle Eastpeace initiatives, as it did those in 1983. In April 1994, Oman hosted the plenary meeting of the Water Working Groupof the peace process, the first Persian Gulf state to do so. From 1996-2000, Oman and Israel exchanged trade offices. Oman closed the Israeli Trade Officein October 2000 in the wake of public demonstrations against Israel during the intifada.
Cold Warperiod, Oman avoided relations with communist countries because of the communist supportfor the insurgency in Dhofar. In recent years, Oman has undertaken diplomatic initiatives in the Central Asian republics, particularly in Kazakhstan, where it is involved in a joint oil pipeline project. In addition, Oman maintains good relations with Iran, its northern neighbor, and the two countries regularly exchange delegations. Oman is an active member in international and regional organizations, notably the Arab League and the GCC.
The northern boundary with the
United Arab Emirateshas not been bilaterally defined; the northern section in the Musandam Peninsulais an administrative boundary.
* [http://www.mofa.gov.om Omani Ministry of Foreign Affairs]
Diplomatic missions of Oman
*Iran-Arab Relations (Oman)
*Pakistan-Arab relations (Oman)
List of diplomatic missions in Oman
Territorial disputes in the Persian Gulf
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