Antoine Pinay


Antoine Pinay

Infobox Prime Minister
name=Antoine Pinay


order=140th Prime Minister of France
term_start =8 March 1952
term_end =8 January 1953
predecessor =Edgar Faure
successor =René Mayer
birth_date =30 December 1891
death_date =death date and age |1994|12|13|1891|12|31
party=CNIP

Antoine Pinay (30 December 1891, Saint-Symphorien-sur-Coise, Rhône, France - 13 December 1994) was a French conservative politician. He served as Prime Minister of France in 1952.

Life

As a young man, Pinay fought in World War I and injured his arm so that it was paralyzed for the rest of his life.

After the war, he managed a small business and in 1929 he was elected mayor of Saint-Chamond (Loire). [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0DE6DD1638F937A25751C1A962958260 The New York Times] 14 December 1994]

He was elected to the French National Assembly in 1936, running as a conservative. On 10 July 1940 he voted to give full constitutional power to the Maréchal Philippe Pétain, leading to the creation of the Vichy Regime.In 1941, Antoine Pinay was appointed to the "Conseil National" of the Vichy Regime. He was also awarded the Francisque. [ [http://www.humanite.fr/1994-12-14_Articles_-Antoine-Pinay-ou-l-empreinte-d-un-mythe Antoine Pinay, ou l’empreinte d’un mythe] L'Humanité, 14 December 1994] During the Occupation, Antoine Pinay remained mayor of Saint-Chamond, although he had been urged by General Georges to move to Algiers, in order to better protect the residents of this city.

In 1944 he was first placed on house arrest, and stripped of his right to be candidate to an election on 5 September 1945. After the intervention of René Cassin, the vice-president of the Conseil d'État, who pointed his fierce opposition to the German occupation, his citizen rights were restored on 5 October 1945. On 2 June 1946 he could successfully ran for election to the Assemblée Constituante as a moderate candidate. [ [http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/histoire/biographies/IVRepublique/pinay-antoine-30121891.asp Biography on the Assemblée Nationale Web site] (Covers only Pinay's carrier from 1936 to 1958)]

He helped create a conservative party, the National Center of Independents and Peasants (CNIP). He acquired the reputation as one of France's more spirited politicians and in 1952 became Prime Minister in 1952 by virtue of being the most popular elected CNIP official. His ministry was seen as the return of the "classical right", discredited since the Liberation. He stabilized the finances of the French nation and the French currency.

In 1955, he was one of the participants of the Messina Conference, which would lead to the Treaty of Rome in 1957.

During the May 1958 crisis precipitated by the Algerian war, he supported De Gaulle's return to power and approved of the Fifth Republic's constitution. He served as Finance Minister until 1960. In 1973, he was made "Médiateur de la République" (Ombudsman) by President Georges Pompidou. [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,906877,00.html TIME Magazine] , Feb. 19, 1973.]

Pinay's Ministry, 8 March 1952 - 8 January 1953

*Antoine Pinay - President of the Council and Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs
*Henri Queuille - Vice President of the Council
*Robert Schuman - Minister of Foreign Affairs
*René Pleven - Minister of National Defense
*Charles Brune - Minister of the Interior
*Jean-Marie Louvel - Minister of Commerce and Energy
*Pierre Garet - Minister of Labour and Social Security
*Léon Martinaud-Deplat - Minister of Justice
*Pierre-Olivier Lapie - Minister of National Education
*Emmanuel Temple - Minister of Veterans and War Victims
*Camille Laurens - Minister of Agriculture
*Pierre Pflimlin - Minister of Overseas France
*André Morice - Minister of Public Works, Transport, and Tourism
*Paul Ribeyre - Minister of Public Health and Population
*Eugène Claudius-Petit - Minister of Reconstruction and Town Planning
*Roger Duchet - Minister of Posts
*Jean Letourneau - Minister of Relations with Partner States

Changes
*11 August 1952 - André Marie succeeds Lapie as Minister of National Education.


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Antoine Pinay — (* 30. Dezember 1891 in Saint Symphorien sur Coise, Rhône; † 13. Dezember 1994 in Saint Chamond, Loire) war ein französischer Politiker und von 1952 bis 1953 Ministerpräsident von Frankreich. Pinay, Sohn eines erfolgreichen Hutfabrikanten,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • PINAY (A.) — PINAY ANTOINE (1891 1994) Natif de Saint Symphorien sur Coise (Rhône), Antoine Pinay, fils d’un fabricant de chapeaux, fait ses études au collège mariste de Saint Chamond, petite ville de la Loire; après la guerre, où il est blessé, il y dirigera …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pinay — (pronEng|ˈpiːnaɪ) is a colloquial term for Filipina, the feminine form of Pinoy.It may also refer to: * Antoine Pinay, a French politician * Pinay, Loire, a French commune in the Loire département …   Wikipedia

  • Pinay — bezeichnet die weibliche Form eines Pinoy Pinay (Loire), eine französische Gemeinde im Département Loire den Familiennamen von Antoine Pinay (1891–1994), französischer Politiker Diese Seite ist eine Begri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Antoine — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Antoine puede referirse a las siguientes personas: Nombres Antoine Arnauld, teólogo francés. Antoine Barnave, estadista francés. Antoine Louis Barye, escultor francés. Antoine Baumé, químico francés. Antoine Laurent… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pinay, Antoine — (1891 1994)    political figure    Born in Saint Symphorien sur Coise, Rhône, Antoine Pinay served as mayor of Saint Chamond (1929 77), as deputy (1936 38), senator (1938 40), member of the Second Constituent Assembly (1946), deputy to the… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Pinay — Pour l homme politique français, voir Antoine Pinay.  Pour les articles homophones, voir Piney et Pinet (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français


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