John Dickinson Stationery


John Dickinson Stationery

John Dickinson Stationery Limited was a leading British stationery company founded in west Hertfordshire, that was later merged to form Dickinson Robinson Group. In the 19th century, the company pioneered a number of innovations in paper-making.

History

The company was founded in Apsley Hertfordshire, in 1804 by John Dickinson, who invented a continuous mechanized paper-making process. Dickinson patented his ideas in 1809 and in the same year he gained financial backing from George Longman. He established paper mills at Apsley (a former flour mill), Nash Mill (formerly a mediaeval corn-mill) in 1811 and Croxley in Hertfordshire. The river and canal at Apsley and Nash Mills provided power for the mills and transport for materials and product.

The mill-house at Nash Mill, called Nash House, became the family home for Dickinson and his new wife Ann (nee Grover) whose father Harry Grover supported this business development through his Grover's Bank. In a very few years Nash Mills was renowned for its production of tough thin paper for Samuel Bagster's "Pocket Reference Bible". A major fire in 1813 was a setback, but, being covered by insurance, enabled redevelopment towards large scale production.

During the 19th century, Sir John Evans and his son Lewis Evans (whose elder brother was the archeologist Sir Arthur Evans) both managed the company.

John Dickinson & Co. Ltd had their Engineering Department at Nash Mills until 1888, when it was transferred to Apsley Mill.

By the end of the nineteenth century, Nash Mill, which was small and had a reputation for independence, experienced a drop in profitability. Continuous minor changes were implemented until, in 1926 it underwent improvements with expansion, remodelling and refurbishment.

The Lion brand was adopted as the company logo in 1910 and in the following year (1911), the Basildon Bond brand was established. Companies were then formed in South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and elsewhere (thirteen countries in all).

Innovations

John Dickinson patented a method of paper-making in June 1807, that rendered his rivals' techniques (principally the Fourdrinier machine) obsolete.

In 1850, the company started mechanical envelope manufacturing, with gummed envelopes for the first time.

The production of fine rag paper on electrically driven machines was a successful innovation at Nash Mill.

The company pioneered the production of window envelopes in 1929.

Dickinson Robinson Group

Dickinson Robinson Group Ltd (DRG) was formed in 1966, creating one of the world's largest stationery and packaging companies. In 1999, the company relocated from Apsley (Hertfordshire) to the village of Sawston south of Cambridge.

In 1999, the paper mills owned by John Dickinson in the Apsley area were closed and the land was sold and redeveloped. The mill at Nash Mills however was sold to the international Sappi Group and continued to make paper until 2006. This mill has been closed down and subsequently sold. Redevelopment plans for housing are being publicised in September 2007.

Paper Trail Museum

The former Apsley Mill site is home to the Paper Trail, a museum which incorporates a narrowboat ride along the Grand Union Canal and the River Gade to Frogmore Mill, viewing of a working paper machine, producing recycled board and paper, as well as handmade paper making and paper sculpture.

References

See also

* Black n' Red

External links

* [http://www.johndickinson.eu.com/ John Dickinson website]
* [http://www.johndickinson.eu.com/bicent01.htm Bicentenary 1804–2004 – The History of John Dickinson]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Dickinson (Erfinder) — John Dickinson, Papiermaschinenerfinder John Dickinson (* 29. März 1782; † 11. Januar 1869) war der Erfinder einer Rundsiebpapiermaschine, die eine kontinuierliche mechanische Papierherstellung ermöglichte. Er gründete außerdem die Papiermühlen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Dickinson (1782–1869) — John Dickinson (March 29,1782 ndash; January 11, 1869) invented a continuous mechanised papermaking process and founded the paper mills at Apsley and Nash Mills in England, which evolved into John Dickinson Stationery Limited. He built and lived… …   Wikipedia

  • John Dickinson — may refer to: John Dickinson (delegate) (1732–1808), lawyer, Governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania, signer of U.S. Constitution, and namesake of Dickinson College John D. Dickinson (1767–1841), lawyer and U.S. Representative from New York John… …   Wikipedia

  • Dickinson Robinson Group — The Dickinson Robinson Group or DRG was a British paper, printing and packaging company founded in 1966 as a result of a merger of John Dickinson Stationery Ltd and E. S. A. Robinson Ltd creating one of the world s largest stationery and… …   Wikipedia

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  • Black n' Red — is a brand of books and pads of paper, produced by John Dickinson Stationery Limited, with a striking black and red design. The front and back covers of such books are black, with the text Black n Red written in red font in the bottom right… …   Wikipedia

  • Croxley Green — Coordinates: 51°38′49″N 0°26′42″W / 51.647°N 0.445°W / 51.647; 0.445 …   Wikipedia

  • papermaking — [pā′pər māk΄iŋ] n. the making of paper papermaker n. * * * pa·per·mak·ing (pāʹpər mā kĭng) n. The process or craft of making paper.   paʹper·mak er n. * * * Introduction       formation of a matted or felted sheet, usually of cellulose fibres,… …   Universalium


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