Regions of Finland


Regions of Finland
Finland

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Finland consists of 19 regions called maakunta in Finnish and landskap in Swedish. The regions are governed by regional councils, which serve as forums of cooperation for the municipalities of a region. The main tasks of the regions are regional planning and development of enterprise and education. In addition, the public health services are usually organized on the basis of regions. Currently, the only region where a popular election is held for the council is Kainuu. Other regional councils are elected by municipal councils, each municipality sending representatives in proportion to its population.

In addition to inter-municipal cooperation, which is the responsibility of regional councils, each region has a state Employment and Economic Development Centre, which is responsible for the local administration of labour, agriculture, fisheries, forestry and entrepreneurial affairs. The Finnish Defence Forces regional offices are responsible for the regional defence preparations and for the administration of conscription within the region.

Regions represent dialectal, cultural and economic variations better than the former provinces, which were purely administrative divisions of the central government. Historically, regions are divisions of historical provinces of Finland, areas which represent dialects and culture more accurately.

Six regional state administrative agencies (Etelä-Suomi, Itä-Suomi, Lounais-Suomi, Länsi- ja Sisä-Suomi, Pohjois-Suomi, Lappi) were created by the state of Finland in 2010, each of them responsible for one of the regions called alue in Finnish and region in Swedish; in addition, Åland was designated a seventh region. These take over some of the tasks of the earlier Provinces of Finland (the läänis), which were abolished.

Contents

Regions

This article is part of the
Subdivisions of Finland series
Regions
Sub-regions
Municipalities
list
list by population
list by area
NUTS:FI

ISO 3166-2:FI

Coat of Arms In English In Finnish In Swedish Capital Map
Lapland Lapland Lappi Lappland Rovaniemi
North Ostrobothnia Northern Ostrobothnia Pohjois-Pohjanmaa Norra Österbotten Oulu
Kainuu Kainuu Kainuu Kajanaland Kajaani
North Karelia North Karelia Pohjois-Karjala Norra Karelen Joensuu
North Savonia Northern Savonia Pohjois-Savo Norra Savolax Kuopio
South Savonia Southern Savonia Etelä-Savo Södra Savolax Mikkeli
South Ostrobothnia Southern Ostrobothnia Etelä-Pohjanmaa Södra Österbotten Seinäjoki
Central Ostrobothnia Central Ostrobothnia Keski-Pohjanmaa Mellersta Österbotten Kokkola
Ostrobothnia Ostrobothnia Pohjanmaa Österbotten Vaasa
Pirkanmaa Pirkanmaa Pirkanmaa Birkaland Tampere
Satakunta Satakunta Satakunta Satakunda Pori
Central Finland Central Finland Keski-Suomi Mellersta Finland Jyväskylä
Finland Proper Finland Proper Varsinais-Suomi Egentliga Finland Turku
South Karelia South Karelia Etelä-Karjala Södra Karelen Lappeenranta
Päijänne Tavastia Päijänne Tavastia Päijät-Häme Päijänne Tavastland Lahti
Tavastia Proper Tavastia Proper Kanta-Häme Egentliga Tavastland Hämeenlinna
Uusimaa Uusimaa Uusimaa Nyland Helsinki
Kymenlaakso Kymenlaakso Kymenlaakso Kymmenedalen Kouvola
Åland Åland Islands[1] Ahvenanmaa Åland Mariehamn

The region of Eastern Uusimaa was consolidated with Uusimaa on January 1, 2011.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ The role that the regional councils serve on Mainland Finland are on the Åland Islands handled by the autonomous Government of Åland.
  2. ^ "Valtioneuvosto päätti Uudenmaan ja Itä-Uudenmaan maakuntien yhdistämisestä" (in Finnish). Ministry of Finance. October 22, 2009. http://www.valtioneuvosto.fi/ajankohtaista/tiedotteet/tiedote/fi.jsp?oid=274585. Retrieved December 30, 2010. 

External links



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